A Finding Aid to the Jan Butterfield Papers, 1950-1997, in the Archives of American Art
AAA.buttjan

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.buttjan
Creators:
Butterfield, Jan
Dates:
1950-1997
Languages:
English
The collection is in English.
Physical Description:
15 linear feet
Repository:
Archives of American Art
The papers of Jan Butterfield measure 15 linear feet and date from circa 1950 to 1997. Papers contain hundreds of recorded interviews with and lectures by artists, panel discussions of artists and art historians, as well as extensive writings by Butterfield. Also found are project files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and additional sound and video recordings related to art subjects.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The papers of Jan Butterfield measure 15 linear feet and date from circa 1950 to 1997. Papers contain hundreds of recorded interviews with and lectures by artists, panel discussions of artists and art historians, as well as extensive writings by Butterfield. Also found are project files, personal business records, printed materials, photographs, and additional sound and video recordings related to art subjects.
Interviews and Lectures include hundreds of interviews conducted by Butterfield between 1971 and 1987 with contemporary artists about whom she was writing at the time. The artists Robert Irwin and Sam Francis are represented particularly well. Also found are slide talks, class discussions, and lectures given by artists, which are assumed to have been recorded by Butterfield in most cases. Also among the recordings are recorded performances by John Cage, Joe Goode, Newton and Helen Harrison, Jim Roche, and George Greene. Panel discussions include two notable recordings involving Milton Resnick, one with the painter Edward Dugmore in 1959, and the other with the painter Ad Reinhardt at The Club in 1961, which was later dubbed "The Attack."
The bulk of the writings relate to Butterfield's published work
The Art of Light and Space
, represented here in multiple drafts, research, and photographs of works of art by the artists discussed in the work including Robert Irwin, James Turrell, Maria Nordman, Douglas Wheeler, Bruce Nauman, Eric Orr, Larry Bell, DeWain Valentine, Susan Kaiser Vogel, and Hap Tivey. Also found are extensive drafts and research for catalog essays for exhibitions of Larry Bell, Richard Shaw, Robert Hudson, and Elmer Bischoff. Drafts of articles and publicity writing are mainly about artists but also some galleries and other art events. There are a few transcripts of recorded interviews, and it appears that many of the writings are based on Butterfield's interviews.
Project files include records relating to Butterfield's involvement with the production of a catalog for the corporate art collection of Pacific Enterprises. These also include additional artist interviews and artist files containing research and writing, mainly by her associate Michael Karp. Also found are photographs and sound recordings for the Waterfront Project at the San Francisco Art Institute, an interdisciplinary community-centered development project that involved Larry Bell, Robert Irwin, Melinda Wortz, Eric Orr, Dr. E. Wortz, Frank Gehry, Newton and Helen Harrison, Josh Young, and students at the Art Institute. And finally, project files include photographs, interviews, and printed material related to publications of Lapis Press, where Butterfield was Executive Director.
Personal business records include correspondence, price lists, financial records, notes, press releases, and career documentation of Butterfield. Printed materials include articles by Butterfield, articles about Butterfield, and articles by Henry Hopkins, most of which are photocopies. There are also clippings, exhibition catalogs, exhibition posters, and publicity. Of note is a disassembled scrapbook pertaining to the controversial Ed Kienholz exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1966, and a directory of art spaces in Los Angeles from 1978.
Most of the photographs are of works of art by artists about whom Butterfield wrote. Also found are a few files of photographs of artists, some taken by Butterfield, including Philip Guston, Ed Kienholz, Henry Hopkins with Clyfford Still, Robert Irwin, Robert Rauschenberg, and James Turrell. Additional video and sound recordings include artist installations, a documentary on Sam Francis, and an acoustiguide for an Ed Ruscha exhibition.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
This collection is arranged as 7 series.
Series 1: Interviews and Lectures (Boxes 1-5; 4.2 linear feet)
Series 2: Writings (Boxes 5-7, 16, OV 17; 3.7 linear feet)
Series 3: Project Files (Boxes 8-10, 16; 1.6 linear feet)
Series 4: Personal Business Records (Boxes 10-11, OV 17-19; 1.1 linear feet)
Series 5: Printed Materials (Boxes 11-12, 16, OV 17-19; 1.8 linear feet)
Series 6: Photographs (Boxes 12-14, 16; 2.2 linear feet)
Series 7: Sound and Video Recordings (Box 15; 0.4 linear feet)

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Jan Butterfield (1937-2000) was an art writer and critic of contemporary art who spent most of her career in California. She is best known for her writings on late twentieth century installation and craft artists, particularly those who worked in California and the American West.
Butterfield was born Jan Van Alstine in Los Angeles, California in 1937 and attended the Univeristy of California, Los Angeles. She received numerous fellowships and grants from the National Endowment for the Arts as an art critic, and contributed art writing to dozens of exhibition catalogs and art publications including
Art International
,
Images and Issues
,
Art News
,
Art in America
, and
Flash Art
. Her most ambitious work of writing was
The Art of Light and Space
(Abbeville Press: 1993), which profiles the work of contemporary artists Robert Irwin, James Turrell, Maria Nordman, Douglas Wheeler, Bruce Nauman, Eric Orr, Larry Bell, DeWain Valentine, Susan Kaiser Vogel, and Hap Tivey. She was also the author of a 1972 monograph of the Abstract Expressionist painter Sam Francis.
Butterfield held positions in public relations at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art from its opening until 1970, and at the Fort Worth Art Museum from 1970 to 1974. She taught at Northwood Experimental Art Institute in Dallas, Texas, the San Francisco Art Institute, San Jose State University, and Mills College in Oakland, California between 1973 and 1983. At the San Francisco Art Institute, she was Director of the extension program and Coordinator of the visiting artist program and the Waterfront Project between 1976 and 1978. In 1984, Butterfield and the artist Sam Francis co-founded the Lapis Press, where she served as Executive Director from its founding until 1988.
Butterfield was married twice, the second time to Henry Hopkins, Museum Director at LACMA, the Museum of Fine Art of Houston, and the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. She died in 2000 after an extended illness.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
Some of the sound recordings in this collection were digitized during processing and are available for research access at the Archives of American Art offices.
Processing Information note
Two scrapbooks found in the papers were previously loaned for microfilming in 1975 on reel 1042 with the titlle of Los Angeles County Museum of Art Scrapbooks. The scrapbooks were included in later Butterfield donations. The 1980 acquisition was also microfilmed on reel 2787. These reels are no longer in circulation and all of the filmed materials have been integrated into the larger collection. The entire collection was arranged, described, and a finding aid prepared by Megan McShea in 2012 with funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources.
Sound recordings that were found to be blank were discarded during processing, and any recording that was found to be an incomplete duplicate of another recording found in the collection was also discarded. Reels containing a poor copy of an oral history interview with Helen Lundeberg conducted by Butterfield for the Archives of American Art's oral history program were also discarded. The original recording is found in the Archives' Oral History collection.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Megan McShea
Sponsor
Funding for the processing of this collection was provided by the Council on Library and Information Resources “Hidden Collections” grant program.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Jan Butterfield donated the Robert Irwin material in 1980. Most of the interviews and audio tapes were donated in 1989. An additional 12 feet of papers, including materials previously loaned and microfilmed, and two additional audio tapes,were donated by Butterfield's brother, and Trustee of the Jan Butterfield Trust, Derek Van Alstine in 2002.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use note
The Jan Butterfield papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Conditions Governing Access note
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Preferred Citation note
Jan Butterfield papers, 1959-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Related Archival Materials note
Also found among the collections of the Archives of American Art is a 1981 panel discussion on Bay area art criticism sponsored by the National Women's Caucus for Art, in which Butterfield participated, as well as an oral history interview Butterfield conducted with Helen Lundeberg for the Archives' Oral History Program in 1980.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Bell, Larry, 1939- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bischoff, Elmer, 1916-1991 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cage, John, 1912-1992 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dugmore, Edward, 1915- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gehry, Frank O., 1929- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Goode, Joe, 1937- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Greene, George Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Harrison, Helen Mayer, 1929- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Harrison, Newton, 1932- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hopkins, Henry, 1928-2009 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hudson, Robert, 1938- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Irwin, Robert, 1928- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Karp, Michael Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kienholz, Edward, 1927- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lapis Press. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nauman, Bruce, 1941- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nordman, Maria Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Orr, Eric, 1939-1998 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pacific Enterprises. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reinhardt, Ad, 1913-1967 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Resnick, Milton, 1917-2004 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Roche, Jim Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ruscha, Edward Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shaw, Richard, 1941 Sept. 12- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Still, Clyfford, 1904-1980 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Turrell, James Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wheeler, Douglas Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wortz, E. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wortz, Melinda Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Young, R. Joshua Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Art critics--California--San Francisco Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Art historians--California Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Authors--California--San Francisco Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scrapbooks Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sound recordings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Transcripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Video recordings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C., 20001
Phone: 202-633-7950
http://www.aaa.si.edu/askus