A Finding Aid to the Palmer C. Hayden Papers,
1920-1970
, in the Archives of American Art
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.haydpalm
Creators:
Hayden, Palmer C., 1890-1973
Dates:
1920-1970
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
2.4 linear feet
Repository:
The papers of African-American painter Palmer C. Hayden date from 1920-1970 and measure 2.4 linear feet. The collection contains biographical material, including 32 diaries documenting Hayden's daily activities, scattered correspondence relating to art sales and Hayden's work for the Works Progress Administration, printed material, 47 sketchbooks compiled over a period of almost forty years, and photographs of Hayden and his artwork.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The papers of African-American painter Palmer C. Hayden date from 1920-1970 and measure 2.4 linear feet. The collection contains biographical material, including 32 diaries documenting Hayden's daily activities, scattered correspondence relating to art sales and Hayden's work for the Works Progress Administration, printed material, 47 sketchbooks compiled over a period of almost forty years, and photographs of Hayden and his artwork.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged as 6 series:
Series 1: Biographical Material, 1920-1969 (Box 1; 2 folders)
Series 2: Diaries, 1938-1967 (Boxes 1-2; 0.5 linear ft.)
Series 3: Correspondence, 1922-1967 (Box 2; 2 folders)
Series 4: Printed Material, 1926-1969 (Box 2; 2 folders)
Series 5: Sketchbooks and Sketches, 1924-circa 1960 (Boxes 2-6; 1.8 linear ft.)
Series 6: Photographs, 1932-1970 (Box 6; 4 folders)

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Born Peyton Cole Hedgeman, in Widewater, Virginia in 1890, Palmer Hayden received his first art instruction through correspondence courses, then studied in 1925 with Asa Grant Randall at the Boothbay Art Colony, in Maine, specializing in marine subjects. In 1927, Hayden's seascape, Schooners, won first prize for "Distinguished Achievement in Fine Arts" in the Harmon Foundation's first awards ceremony. With that award, and an additional grant from a patron, Hayden was able to continue his studies in Paris, where he further developed his skills in seascapes and ethnic subject matter. Hayden was among the first African-American artists to use African-American subjects and designs in his painting.
Hayden returned to the United States in 1932 and worked steadily over the next several years for the United States government, including the Treasury Relief Art Project and the Works Progress Administration. In 1944 Hayden began work on his noted Ballad of John Henry series of twelve paintings that would occupy him for a decade. In his later work, Hayden continued to focus on African-American themes, capturing both rural gatherings in the South and the urban milieu of New York.
Palmer Hayden died in 1973.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies
The papers of Palmer C. Hayden in the Archives of American Art were digitized in
2007
and total
4060
images.
Negatives of photographs of artwork have not been digitized.
Processing Information
The collection was microfilmed at some point after receipt on reels 43-47. It was fully processed, arranged, and described by Stephanie Ashley in October 2006, and scanned, with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Author
Stephanie Ashley
Sponsor
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated by Palmer C. Hayden in 1970 and a portion of it was microfilmed shortly after receipt.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Conditions Governing Use
The Palmer Hayden papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Preferred Citation
Palmer C. Hayden papers, 1920-1970. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
African American painters -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diaries Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketchbooks Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Works Progress Administration Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C. 20001
https://www.aaa.si.edu/services/questions
https://www.aaa.si.edu/