A Finding Aid to the Nickolas Muray Papers, 1910-1978, in the Archives of American Art
AAA.muranick
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.muranick
Creators:
Muray, Nickolas, 1892-1965
Dates:
1910-1978
Languages:
English
The collection is in English.
Physical Description:
0.9 linear feet
Repository:
Archives of American Art
The papers of photographer Nickolas Muray measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1978. Found within the papers are biographical materials; business and personal correspondence, including a handful of letters from Frida Kahlo; writings; teaching files, primarily of photography courses taught at New York University; printed material; artwork; and photographic materials of Muray, his family and friends, and his work.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The papers of photographer Nickolas Muray measure 0.9 linear feet and date from 1910 to 1978. Found within the papers are biographical materials; business and personal correspondence, including a handful of letters from Frida Kahlo; writings; teaching files, primarily of photography courses taught at New York University; printed material; artwork; and photographic materials of Muray, his family and friends, and his work.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The collection is arranged as 1 series.
Series 1: Nickolas Muray papers, 1910-1978 (0.9 linear feet; Boxes 1-2, OV 3)

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Photographer Nickolas Muray (1892-1965) lived and worked in New York, New York and was known for his portrait, fashion, and advertising photography and for his mastery of the carbro color printing process.
Born in Szeged, Hungary, Muray spent time in Budapest as an engraver’s apprentice and moved to Germany at the age of 16 to expand his technical knowledge of photo-engraving and photography. In 1913, Muray immigrated to America where he worked as a photo engraver at Stockinger Engraving Co. and eventually opened his own photography studio in 1920. After successfully completing a commission to photograph Broadway star Florence Reed, Muray continued to build his portfolio with regular commissions for
Harper’s Bazaar
and
Vanity Fair
to photograph movie stars, artists, musicians, artists, and models. In the 1930s, Muray mastered the carbro printing process and established one of the first color labs in America. His color fashion and advertising work continued to appear regularly in
Vogue
,
Ladies’ Home Journal
,
Woman’s Home Companion
,
McCall’s
and other periodicals.
In addition to his professional work, Muray wrote reviews for
Dance
magazine and represented the United States in 1928 and 1932 as a member of the Olympic fencing team. He maintained a long distance affair with artist Frida Kahlo throughout the 1930s, eventually ending the relationship but remaining friends until her death in 1954. In 1942, Muray married his fourth wife, Margaret (Peggy) Schwab, with whom he had a daughter, Mimi. Muray died of a heart attack in 1965.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
The bulk of the collection was digitized in 2016 and is available on the Archives of American Art's website. Materials which have not been scanned include blank pages, blank versos of photographs, and duplicates. In some cases, published books and other publications have had their covers, title pages, and relevant pages scanned.
Processing Information note
Materials received a preliminary level of arrangement after donation and the collection was microfilmed onto reels 4392-4393. The collection was prepared for digitization and described by Judy Ng in 2016, with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Judy Ng
Sponsor
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
The papers were donated in 1988 by Muray’s daughter, Mimi Murray.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Nickolas Muray papers, 1910-1978. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Access note
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Conditions Governing Use note
The Nickolas Muray papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Instituion. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collelction is subject to all copyright laws.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Kahlo, Frida Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New York University -- Faculty Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographers--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photography--Study and teaching Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Portrait photography Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C., 20001
Phone: 202-633-7950
http://www.aaa.si.edu/askus