A Finding Aid to the Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters,
circa 1920, 1943
, in the Archives of American Art
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.pipphora
Creators:
Pippin, Horace, 1888-1946
Dates:
circa 1920, 1943
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
8 items
Repository:
Archives of American Art
Collection consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters written by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The three notebooks and notebook fragments contain Pippin's World War I memoirs written in the 1920s, one of which is illustrated by Pippin with six drawings of war scenes. Two letters are dated 1943 and circa 1943. One of the letters is written to "Dear Friends" and begins with "life story of art."; the other is written to dealer Robert Carlen about showing his painting Domino [Game] Players.

Scope and Content Note
Scope and Content Note
Collection consists of three notebooks, notebook fragments, and two letters created by African American primitive painter Horace Pippin. The notebooks recount Pippin's World War I experiences, including his being wounded. One of the notebooks is illustrated.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into one series.
Series 1: Horace Pippin Notebooks and Letters, circa 1920s, 1943; 8 items

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
Born in West Chester, Pa., in 1888 Pippin was a self-taught primitive painter. His fighting experiences in France during World War I greatly influenced his later paintings. During the war, he was wounded and lost the use of his right arm. When painting, he had to use his left hand to guide his right. He gained a national reputation as a "true American primitive" in the 1940s, when his bold narrative paintings of childhood memories, war experiences, heroes, African American genre scenes, and religious subjects were widely exhibited, including his famous painting of the hanging of John Brown. Pippin died in 1946.

Administration
Alternative Forms Available
The notebooks and letters of
Horace Pippin
in the Archives of American Art were digitized in
2006
, and total
114
images.
Processing Information
The Horace Pippin notebooks and letters were microfilmed in the order that they were donated on reels 138 and 4306. The collection was digitized in 2006 with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Author
Eric P. Frazier and Erin Corley
Sponsor
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art
Provenance
Horace Pippin's war memiors/notebooks and one letter were purchased from Robert Carlen, Pippin's dealer, in 1956. The 1943 letter from Pippin to Carlen was donated by Dr. and Mrs. Matthew Moore in 1983.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Horace Pippin notebooks and letters, circa 1920, 1943. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Restrictions on Access
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Ownership and Literary Rights
The Horace Pippin notebooks and letters are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Painters -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Folk art -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diaries Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painting -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African American painters Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African American soldiers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1914-1918 -- Personal narratives, American Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Self-taught artists -- Pennsylvania Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Carlen, Robert, 1906-1990 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C. 20001
http://www.aaa.si.edu/askus