A Finding Aid to the Sullivan Family Papers, 1860-1994, bulk 1920-1960, in the Anacostia Community Museum Archives
ACMA.06-035
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
ACMA.06-035
Creators:
Sullivan family
Dates:
1860-1994
bulk 1920-1960
Languages:
Multiple languages
Physical Description:
2.25 linear feet
7 boxes
Repository:
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
The Sullivan Family papers, which date from 1880 to 1994 and measure 2.25 linear feet, document the personal lives of four generations in the Sullivan Family. The papers are comprised of personal correspondence, school materials, legal documents, financial records, clippings, books, posters, and photographs.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
These papers, which date from 1880 to 1994, bulk dates 1920–1960, document the lives of four generations of the Sullivan family. They contain material relating to a great number of Sullivan family members descended from Livinia and Abraham Sullivan. The papers especially offer insight into the family’s life and involvement during the Second World War through a particularly abundant collection of correspondence and photographs. The papers also include books, legal documents, financial records, and school materials.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The papers are organized into four series. Folders are arranged alphabetically within series, while documents within folders are organized chronologically. Oversized material appears in the series: Biographical Files, Printed Materials and Photographs. Non archival materials associated with the papers are housed in the Collections Department.
Series I: Biographical Files
Series II: Correspondence
Series III: Printed Materials
Series IV: Photographs

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
In 1883 Abraham Sullivan welcomed his wife, Livinia and four children, Charles, Nynetta, Emma, and Theodore to Boston, Massachusetts. Emigrating from New Brunswick, Canada, the family would remain in the Boston area for many generations to come. After the move to Boston, oldest son Charles H. Sullivan would rise to prominence in the New England music scene. He became a skilled craftsman in instrument-making and founded the Boston Victorian Orchestra, a multi-racial orchestra.
Charles Sullivan never married, which perhaps contributes to the lack of information on his life. His brother Theodore married Anne Vann of Nova Scotia, Canada. Together they raised two daughters from Anne’s previous marriage, Sadie and Rosa Jones (later Sadie Thompson and Rosa Miller). They also had four children of their own, Theodore M., twins Mary (later Mary Walters) and May, and Frances (later Frances Mendez).
Theodore and Anne’s son Theodore M. began his family’s military tradition by enlisting in the army in 1917, during the First World War. He spent two years fighting in Europe before being honorably discharged at the end of the conflict in 1919. In the early 1930s Theodore was awarded the Purple Heart by United States Secretary of War George Dern for eleven different wounds sustained in 1918.
Theodore M.’s example was followed by his immediate and extended family members during the Second World War. Many of the women volunteered in war efforts at home and all three of Theodore M.’s sons, Lewis, Earle, and Edwin (Eddy) enlisted for service in the armed forces. In 1943 Earle Sullivan was accepted into the Tuskegee Institution’s program for training the first African American military pilots (now famously known as the “Tuskegee Airmen”) and was well into his training before his death at the end of 1943.
The Sullivan family continued their tradition of service for many decades through memberships with the Red Cross and American Legion. In 1954 Sadie Thompson, Theodore M. Sullivan’s half sister, was honored with an award for forty years of service in her Boston Chapter of the American Red Cross, and again in 1971 for fifty five years of active involvement.
Although the Sullivan family retained ties to the Boston area they originally settled in, several branches have spread throughout the northeastern United States. After his marriage, Theodore M. Sullivan began working for the Bureau of Engraving in Washington D.C. Still connected to his Boston home, Theodore split his time between the two cities until his death in 1969. Upon her marriage to Thomas Mendes, Ethylene Mendez, daughter of Francis Sullivan Mendez moved to Long Island, N.Y. She was eventually followed by her mother and sister, Lillian, where they lived until their deaths in the 1980s and 90s.

Administration
Processing Information note
Processed in June 2010 by intern Jill Berrett, with the assistance of archivist Kim Dixon.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Jill Berrett
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
The Sullivan Family papers were donated to the Anacostia Community Museum in April 2005 by Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
The Sullivan Family papers, Anacostia Community Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution, gift of Savina Martin, Dominga Martin and Donna Akiba Sullivan Harper.
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for unrestricted research. Use requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
The Sullivan Family papers are the physical property of the Anacostia Community Museum. Literary and copyright belong to the author/creator or their legal heirs and assigns. Rights to work produced during the normal course of Museum business resides with the Anacostia Community Museum. For further information, and to obtain permission to publish or reproduce, contact the Museum Archives.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Sullivan family Family Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African American families Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African American musicians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
African American soldiers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Legion Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Red Cross Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Autograph albums Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Books Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Boston (Mass.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Certificates Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ephemera Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Financial records Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Long Island (N. Y.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Negatives (photographic) Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Brunswick Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographic prints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tintypes (prints) Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Warsaw (Poland) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Washington (D. C.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1914-1918--African Americans Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945--African Americans Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Anacostia Community Museum Archives
1901 Fort Place, SE
Washington, D.C., 20020
Phone: 202-633-4853
ACMArchives@si.edu