Lee Hays papers, 1923-1981
CFCH.HAYS
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
CFCH.HAYS
Creators:
Hays, Lee, 1914-1981
Dates:
1923-1981
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
6.95 cubic feet
Papers
0.9 cubic feet
Audiorecordings
Repository:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
The Lee Hays papers measures 7.85 cubic feet and dates from 1923 to 1981. The collection includes original writings, correspondence, and miscellaneous projects by Lee Hays; business records, interviews and features related to Lee Hays, including photographs; clippings saved by Lee Hays; and audiorecordings made by Lee Hays.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The Lee Hays papers, which date from 1923-1981, contain personal and business correspondence; typescripts of Lee Hays' fiction, non-fiction, scripts and poetry; miscellaneous project and idea materials; business documents; and audiorecordings made by Lee Hays. The collection measures 7.85 cubic feet.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The Lee Hays papers, are divided into seven series: 1) Correspondence, 2) Business, 3) Projects and Writings, 4) Collected Texts, 5) Interviews, 6) Features on Lee Hays and 7) Audio Recordings.
The Correspondence Series is divided into two subseries: 1) Personal, and 2) Business. The Projects and Writings series is divided into six subseries: 1) Songs, 2) Non-Fiction, 3) Fiction, 4) Musical Productions, 5) Radio Scripts, and 6) Cisco Houston Project.
When possible, folders are arranged within series and subseries in alphabetical order by file title, and within folders in chronological order with undated items at the top.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Lee Hays (1914-1981) was an influential American singer, songwriter, author, and activist. His legacy, both literary and musical, emphasizes the dynamic relationship between traditional culture and contemporary events and issues. As is clear from his essay "The Folk Song Bridge", Hays conceived of "folk music" as a living, breathing "process". Born in Arkansas in 1914 to a Methodist preacher, Hays' first experiences with music revolved around the church. His political awakening came later, when he returned to Arkansas from Ohio in 1934. Under the wing of mentors such as Claude Williams and Zilphia Horton (maiden name: Zilphia Johnson), Hays began to fight for the cause of sharecroppers and union workers. His musical ability and passion for social justice came together as he used music to represent the voice of labor, replacing the religious motifs of traditional and gospel songs with pro-union themes.
Upon moving to the North in 1940, Hays met Pete Seeger, another musician of the Folk Revival. Hays and Seeger shared the common goal of spreading political topical songs, and their collaborations with Woody Guthrie and Millard Lampell led to the creation of the Almanac Singers the same year. Later, the four band members, along with other musicians such as Burl Ives and Sis Cunningham, established the People's Songs organization and publication to create and distribute labor songs. However, interpersonal conflicts with members, including Pete Seeger, led to Hays' pressured resignation from both of these endeavors. He moved in with his mentor, Walter Lowenfels, and began to focus more on his writing. Though Hays was a prolific writer whose work spanned articles, essays, short stories, poetry, and songs, he is rarely recognized for his literary achievement. His writing often centered on the social and political themes for which he is best known—labor rights, racism, poverty and inequality—and used vernacular culture and narrative to address those problems.
Seeger and Hays eventually made amends, and in 1948 they formed The Weavers with Fred Hellerman and Ronnie Gilbert, bringing music of the Folk Revival to a national audience. However, as the Red Scare impacted the American political climate into the 1950s, the Weavers were blacklisted and ultimately had to disband. Though he was under investigation by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and had no steady income, Hays continued to write both fiction and non-fiction during the three year blacklisting. In 1955, the Weavers finally reunited for a highly successful revival under manager Harold C. Leventhal, but as years passed, the group split up again, and Hays began to focus on other projects. It was at this time that he produced the bulk of his memoirs, began a project on Cisco Houston, and recorded folk music for children with his group The Baby Sitters. In 1980, the Weavers reunited for a concert in Carnegie Hall and Hays' last performance with them was in 1981. Hays died in 1981 as a result of diabetic cardiovascular disease.

Administration
Processing Information note
An original, basic processing and preliminary inventory of the Lee Hays Collection was done by Lori Elaine Taylor following its donation in 1992. In 2008, the collection was analyzed and re-organized to group like materials together in series and subseries in chronological order by Amulya Mandava. No new items have been added to the collection.
In 2014, the collection was processed a final time by Elizabeth Lalley and Greg Adams to prepare it for digitization. This consisted of rethinking organization; moving folders and re-structuring sub-series; and re-forming series 6 into "Collected Texts" (series 6 was formerly known as "Clippings").
The first draft of the EAD finding aid was encoded by Brittany Dunton, December 2011, with continued work in Summer 2014 by Cecilia Peterson, Greg Adams, Elizabeth Lalley, Nichole Procopenko, and Jenny Furnas.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Amulya Mandava, based on a preliminary inventory by Lori Elaine Taylor.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
The Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage acquired the "Lee Hays Archives" in 1992 as a donation from Harold C. Leventhal and Doris Kaplan, who acquired the collection upon Lee Hays' death in 1981. The donation included materials produced by Lee Hays, as well as materials of interest to him that were found in his possession.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Access by appointment only. Contact the Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections at (202) 633-7322 or rinzlerarchives@si.edu for additional information.
This collection has been digitized and a majority of its content has been made available online for research and educational purposes. Online access to select materials is not available due to privacy or rights concerns.
Conditions Governing Use note
Copyright restrictions apply. Contact archives staff for additional information.
Restrictions may apply concerning the use, duplication, or publication of items in these collections. Consult the archivists for additional information.
Preferred Citation note
Lee Hays papers, Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Almanac Singers. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Baby Sitters (Musical group). Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gilbert, Ronnie Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Guthrie, Woody, 1912-1967 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hays, Lee, 1914-1981 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Houston, Cisco Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lampell, Millard, 1919-1997 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Leventhal, Harold Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Seeger, Pete, 1919-2014 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Congress. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Weavers (Musical group). Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Audiotapes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Business records Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Folk music--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Notes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographic prints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Political ballads and songs--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Popular music--20th century--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scripts (documents) Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sheet music Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Topical songs--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
600 Maryland Ave SW
Washington, D.C.
Phone: 202-633-6440
rinzlerarchives@si.edu