John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers
FSA.A1999.33

Summary
Collection ID:
FSA.A1999.33
Creators:
Ferguson, John Calvin, 1866-1945
Dates:
1889-1962
bulk 1890-1944
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
3 linear feet
Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Papers (some are photocopies), portions in Chinese, of John Calvin Ferguson, his daughter Mary, and grandson Peter Ferguson and Peter's wife Jean. The bulk of the papers, 1890-1944, concern John C. Ferguson and include one holograph dated 1902 to Headland; typescripts of addresses given to the University of Nanking, 1909-1929, and a eulogy by Fu Tseng-hsi, a translation of his address to a public school in Shanghai, a mimeographed description of 55th anniversary of the University of Nanking, two newspaper clippings, and a 1936 issue of Caravan; and still prints and four photograph albums, 1890-1937, portraying Ferguson, his wife and family, Chinese officials, members of the Treaty Commission, landscape painting by T'ang Tai (1637-?), and works given to the University of Nanking.Additional papers mostly concern family members attempting to acquire documentation of Dr. Ferguson and to retrieve portions of his estate that remained in China.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Papers (some are photocopies), portions in Chinese, of John Calvin Ferguson, his daughter Mary, and grandson Peter Ferguson and Peter's wife Jean. The bulk of the papers, 1890-1944, concern John C. Ferguson and include one holograph dated 1902 to Headland; typescripts of addresses given to the University of Nanking, 1909-1929, and a eulogy by Fu Tseng-hsi, a translation of his address to a public school in Shanghai, a mimeographed description of 55th anniversary of the University of Nanking, two newspaper clippings, and a 1936 issue of Caravan; and still prints and four photograph albums, 1890-1937, portraying Ferguson, his wife and family, Chinese officials, members of the Treaty Commission, landscape painting by T'ang Tai (1637-?), and works given to the University of Nanking. Additional papers mostly concern family members attempting to acquire documentation of Dr. Ferguson and to retrieve portions of his estate that remained in China.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Arranged in three series: 1. John Calvin Ferguson Papers; 2. Ferguson Family Papers; and 3. Photographs.

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
John Calvin Ferguson was an advisor to the Executive Yüan of the National Government of China, college president, author, and art collector. Born in Napanee, Ontario, Canada in 1866, Ferguson was ordained to the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church in 1885, and awarded a Ph.D. degree from Boston University in 1902. Following his marriage to Mary E. Wilson, he went to China in 1887 as a missionary, where he founded a Methodist school, the Hui wen shu yüan, which eventually became the University of Nanking. He assumed the position of first president of Nanyang Public School (Nan-yang kung hsüeh) at Shanghai from 1897-1902. Subsequently, he became a member of the Treaty Commission, secretary to the Chinese Ministry of Commerce and later chief secretary of the Imperial Chinese Railway Administration while being concurrently advisor to the Viceroys of Nanking and Wu-ch'ang. In Shanghai Dr. Ferguson was honorary secretary of the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, proprieter of the Shanghai Times (daily), and editor of Sin Wan Pao, the leading daily newspaper, which he owned until 1929.
During his last year in Shanghai, he became chairman of the Central China Famine Relief Committee. Moving to Peking in 1911, he became vice-president of the Red Cross Society and was appointed foreign secretary for the Ministry of Posts and Communications until 1912. From 1915 he became counselor of the department of state in China, and later served as advisor to the president of the Republic until 1928. During 1923-1931 Ferguson was joint-editor of The China Journal. Ferguson's art collection was temporarily placed in the Wen hua tien in the Palace in 1935, before going to the University of Nanking. Leaving Peking in 1943, Ferguson and his daughter Mary traveled back to the United States, where he died in 1945. Among his publications were Outlines of Chinese Art, 1919; Chinese Painting, 1927; Noted Porcelains of Successive Dynasties, 1931; Catalogue of Recorded Paintings, 1934; and Catalogue of Recorded Bronzes, 1934.

Administration
Location of Originals
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Processing Information
Processed by volunteer Barbara Schultz.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Barbara Schultz and Rachael Cristine Woody.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
The John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers were donated to the Archives by Peter Ferguson in 1999.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use note
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Conditions Governing Access note
Access is by appointment only, Monday through Thursday 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Please contact the Archives to make an appointment: AVRreference@si.edu.
Preferred Citation note
John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Peter Ferguson, 1999

Related Material
Li Yuling portrait of J.C. Ferguson, circa 1936 collection, located in the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
Please see this link for an updated list of books created by or related to John Calvin Ferguson (http://tinyurl.com/SIL-Ferguson), located in the Smithsonian Institution Libraries.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Gift of Peter Ferguson, 1999.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ferguson, John Calvin, 1866-1945 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Art collectors--China Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
China Geographical Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Letters (correspondence)--19th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Letters (correspondence)--20th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nanjing (Jiangsu Sheng, China) Geographical Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newspaper clippings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photograph albums Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Political consultants--China Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shanghai (China) Geographical Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Speeches Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Washington, D.C., 20013
Phone: 202-633-0533
AVRreference@si.edu