Robert O. Muller Papers
FSA.A2003.14

Summary
Collection ID:
FSA.A2003.14
Creators:
Muller, Robert O., 1911-2003
Dates:
1930-1997
Languages:
English
Materials are mostly in English with some in German.
English; German
Physical Description:
7.5 Linear feet
Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Personal papers of Robert O. Muller, a Connecticut-based art dealer and collector who, over the course of seventy years, assembled one of the world's finest collections of Japanese prints from the late 1860s through the 1940s. The papers include Muller's correspondence relating to Japanese art, files relating to his and his wife's 1940 honeymoon in Japan during which he forged many contacts with Japanese artists and art dealers and purchased thousands of prints, subject files, catalogs, business transactions, magazine and newspaper clippings, photographs, and notes and drafts for a planned book.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The Robert O. Muller Papers consist of Mr. Muller's correspondence; research and subject files; indexes to his art collection; printed matter; photographs; and a draft manuscript and notes for a planned book. The papers document his art collecting and dealing, his relationships with a wide variety of art shops and other art dealers, his 1940 honeymoon to Japan, and the dealings of his various businesses from the 1940s through to the 1990s.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
This collection is arranged into five series:
Series 1: Correspondence and subject files
Series 2: Catalogs and indexes to Robert-Lee Gallery and Robert O. Muller's Art Collection
Series 3: Draft Manuscript
Series 4: Printed Matter
Series 5: Photographs and slides

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Born in 1911 in Pelham, New York, art collector, dealer, and connoisseur Robert O. Muller assembled a collection of nearly 4,500 late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Japanese prints throughout his life. As a history student at Harvard University, Mr. Muller's world renowned print collection began to take shape with the purchase of the print 'Kiyosu Bridge" by Kawase Hasui for $5.00 from the Shima Art Company in 1931.
Mr. Muller married Ingeborg Lee in 1940 and their honeymoon in Japan played a critical role in Mr. Muller's development as an art dealer and collector. They spent five months there and met with many important artists and dealers and purchased thousands of prints for both their personal art collection and for commerce.
Upon their return to the States, Mr. Muller purchased the Shima Art Company's assets and started the Robert Lee Gallery with his partner William Lee Comerford in 1940. With the attack on Pearl Harbor, Muller and Comerford closed the Robert Lee Gallery and later reopened it in a different Manhattan location. The Mullers moved to Newton, Connecticut, in 1946 and reestablished the Robert Lee Gallery there. In 1962, Muller purchased a frame shop, Merwin's Art Shop, in New Haven, Connecticut. Although primarily a framing shop, Muller not only befriended many scholars and academics from nearby Yale University but sold Japanese prints from the back room.
From that initial purchase of 'Kiyosu Bridge' in 1931 up until his death in 2003, Robert Muller amassed what many art historians, collectors, and curators regarded as the finest collection of its type in the world. Muller bequeathed his Japanese print collection, archival materials, and library to the Sackler Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Much of the biographical information comes from,
Printed to Perfection: Twentieth-century Japanese Prints from the Robert O. Muller Collection
. (Washington, D.C. : Arthur M. Sackler Gallery in association with Hotei Publishing, c2004)
Further information and clarification from conversations with Dr. James T. Ulak, Deputy Director of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery .
1911 October 5
Born in Pelham, New York. Great-grandson of Charles Erhart, cofounder of Charles Pfizer & Company, now Pfizer Inc.
1931
Purchased first modern Japanese print, "Kiyosu Bridge", from the Shima Art Company in New York City.
1934
Earned Bachelor of Arts degree in History from Harvard University.
1936
Traveled to Germany aboard the Hindenberg. During return to United States, visited with and bought many prints from Japanese print collector Thomas Bates Blow in London.
1940 February 3
Married Ingeborg Lee and honeymooned in Japan.
1940 September
Purchased the assets of the Shima Art Co. for $7,000. Remained friends with the former owners, Kazue Sumii and Hango Sumii and their daughter Noriko.
1940 October 21
Opened the Robert-Lee Gallery on 69 East 57th Street in Manhattan.
1941 December
After attack on Pearl Harbor, closed Robert-Lee Gallery. Later reopened at new location at 32 West 57th Street
1941 - 1952
Mrs. Muller gave birth to four daughters and one son.
1942-1945
Worked for Pfizer Inc.
1946
Moved to farmhouse in Newtown, Connecticut and re-established Robert Lee Gallery there one year later.
1962
Purchased and ran Merwin's Art Shop in New Haven, Connecticut
1985
Handed over management of Merwin's Art Shop to his son Robert L. Muller
2003 April 10
Died as a result of Parkinson's Disease.
2003 May
Bequeathed his collection of Japanese prints, cataloging records, papers, and library to the Smithsonian's Sackler Gallery of Art.

Administration
Processing Information note
The collection was processed by Linda Machado Raditz in 2005.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Linda Machado Raditz
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Robert O. Muller bequeathed his Japanese print collection as well as his archival records to the Sackler Gallery in 2003.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Gift of Robert Muller

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The Archives is open by appointment only, Tuesdays through Thursdays, 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. The Archives is closed on all federal holidays.
Conditions Governing Use note
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Preferred Citation note
Robert O. Muller Papers, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Bequest of Robert O. Muller, 2003
Use Note
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.

Related Archival Materials note
The Sackler Gallery of Art owns the Robert O. Muller Collection of Japanese prints.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Art--Collectors and collecting Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Auction catalogs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Exhibition catalogs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Japan--Description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographic prints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Price lists Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Printmakers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Prints, Japanese--19th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Prints, Japanese--20th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
shin-hanga Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Washington, D.C., 20013
Phone: 202-633-0533
AVRreference@si.edu