Ethel Mary Albert Papers,
1940s-1960s
NAA.1990-30
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.1990-30
Creators:
Albert, Ethel Mary, 1918-1989
Dates:
1940s-1960s
Languages:
Multiple languages
Physical Description:
8.33 linear feet
24 boxes
8 sound tape reels
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
Ethle M. Albert was an ethnologist whose research focused on communication and speech, and values and ethics. She pursued these themes cross-culturally across a wide spectrum of social classes, ethnic groups and locations. She received a PhD in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin in 1949 and taught a several institutions of higher learning before becoming a faculty member of Northwestern University in 1966. The Ethel Mary Albert papers consist of writings, photographs and sound recordings produced during the course of Albert's ethnological studies as Ford Fellow in Burundi in the late 1950s; field research among the Navaho; and materials related to a later cross cultural study of fatalism.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
This collection is mainly comprised of Albert's papers produced in the course of her ethnological studies as Ford Fellow in Burundi in the late 1950s; field research among the Navaho; and materials related to a later cross cultural study of fatalism.
Among her field notes and extensive personal journals produced during her stay in Burundi are collections of Kirundi texts, including fables and stories, many of which were produced in direct cooperation with (and in a few cases authored by) some of her more literate informants. She also collected a wide spectrum of biographies. During her time in Central Africa, she interviewed many people from both major ethnic groups (Tutsi and Hutu) and accumulated photographic portraits of many of her biographical subjects.
Her collection of photographic slides number more than 300. They depict a wide range of the activities of village life (such as traditional dances, dress, children, cows, and agricultural activities) as well as portraits of the King and Queen of Urundi.
Albert also conducted ethnographic fieldwork among the Navaho. From that period, her papers include material relating to a study of values in five cultures; these appear in Vogt and Albert's People of Rimrock (1967).
Another important group of materials consists of manuscripts and notes relating to Albert's study of fatalism. In these notes and manuscripts she relates her previous 5 ethnographic studies to her philosophical knowledge in the production of a cross-cultural study of the values and life ways associated with fatalism, resignation and determinism.
This collection contains many of her completed essays and articles, both published and unpublished. Albert also produced sound recordings related to her field work in Burundi.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The collection is arranged in 14 series: (1) Rundi Projects Reports and Journals; (2) Rundi Ethnography; Rough Notes; (3) Rundi Biographies; (4) Rundi Texts; (5) Photographic Slides; (6) Study of Fatalism; (7) Study of Values in Five Cultures; (8) Miscellaneous Notes; (9) Unpublished Writings; (10) Published Articles; (11) Bibliography; (12) Unpublished Drafts of Manuscripts; (13) Miscellany; (14) Sound Recordings

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Ethel M. Albert was born on March 28, 1918. She received her B.A. from Brooklyn College in 1942 and her M.A. from Columbia University in 1947. She was awarded a PhD in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin in 1949. She taught philosophy at Brooklyn College (1946-1947) and Syracuse University (1949-1952). She later taught speech at the University of California at Berkeley (1958-1966) and anthropology and speech at Northwestern University (1966-1977). From 1958-66, she served as chair of the committee for African Studies (a part of the Institute of International Studies). She was chair of the anthropology department at Northwestern University from 1972-73.
Albert's ethnographic research focused on communication and speech, and values and ethics. She pursued these themes cross-culturally across a wide spectrum of social classes, ethnic groups and locations. She carried out work among the Navaho while serving as a research associate with the Laboratory of Social Relations at Harvard University (1953-1955). As a Ford Foundation fellow (1955-1957), she carried out ethnographic studies of the Tutsi, Hutu and Twa peoples of Burundi, from which she produced numerous notes and writings. Albert died at the age of 71 in October of 1989, in Sarasota, Florida.
Chronology of the life of Ethel Mary Albert
1918
Born on the 28th of March in New Britain, CT.; daughter of Zundel and Dorothy (Eisenstadt) Sokolsky
1942
Receives her B.A. from Brooklyn College
1947
Receives her M.A. from Columbia University
1946-1947
Instructor of philosophy at Brooklyn College
1949
Awarded a PhD in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin
1949-1952
Instructor of philosophy at Syracuse University
1953-1955
Research associate with the Laboratory of Social Relations at Harvard University; carries out work among the Navahos
1955-1957
Carries out an ethnographic study of the Rundi Culture in central Africa as a Ford Foundation Fellow in the Overseas African Program
1957-1958
Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, California
1958-1966
Instructor of speech at the University of California at Berkeley
1960,1961
Assistant Director for ethnology, National Science Foundation Project on Educational Resources in Anthropology
1963-1965
Chairman of committee for African studies (Institute of International Studies), University of California at Berkeley
1964-1965
Appointed vice-chairman of the speech department at the University of California at Berkeley
1966-1977
Professor of anthropology and speech at Northwestern University
1973
Chairman of anthropology and speech department, Northwestern University

Administration
Processing Information note
The papers of Ethel Mary Albert were received partially organized. The processing archivist maintained the original groupings and arrangement, with the exception of drafts of published articles, which were removed from Series 10 (Published Articles) and placed in Series 12 (Drafts of Published Articles). Also. a manuscript from F.G. Friedmann and Albert's Book appraisal were removed from Series 9 (Unpublished Writings) and moved to Series 13 (Miscellany). Original folder titles were retained in most cases, with titles assigned by the archivist placed within square brackets. The photographic slides were placed into archival slide folders but the original numbering and groupings have been maintained. The audio reels were isolated for appropriate storage.
Processed by Aivia Monitto on April 2007.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Lorain Wang
Sponsor
Digitization of the sound recordings was made possible by a grant from the Arcadia Fund.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
These papers were bequeathed to the National Anthropological Archives by Ethel Mary Albert and were accessioned in 1990.

Selected bibliography
Selected bibliography
1956
The Classification of Values: A Method and Illustration.
American Anthropologist
58(2): 221-248.
1963
The Teaching of Anthropology.
Edited by David G. Mandelbaum, Gabriel W. Lasker and Ethel M. Albert . Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. (Also published in AAA Memoir 94).
1963
Resources for the Teaching of Anthropology
. Edited by David G. Mandelbaum, Gabriel W. Lasker and Ethel M. Albert. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. (Also published in AAA Memoir 95).
1964
'Rhetoric,' 'Logic,' and 'Poetics' in Burundi: Culture Patterning of Speech Behavior
American Anthropologist
66 (suppl. 3): 35-54.
1966
People of Rimrock: A Study of Values in Five Cultures
. Edited by Evon Z. Vogt and Ethel M. Albert. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Ethel Mary Albert Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the Repository for terms of use.
Conditions Governing Access note
The Ethel Mary Albert papers are open for reaearch.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Burundi Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Burundians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ethnologies Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rundi language Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Slides (photographs) Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300
naa@si.edu