Guide to the Ozzie G. Simmons papers
NAA.1997-10

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.1997-10
Creators:
Simmons, Ozzie G.
Dates:
1949-1966
1980
bulk 1950-1953
Languages:
Multiple languages
English; Spanish
Collection contains materials in English and Spanish.
Physical Description:
5.25 linear feet
Six document boxes (including one box of restricted materials), four card file boxes, and one oversize folder
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
Ozzie G. Simmons (1919--988) served as field director in Peru for the Bureau of American Ethnology's Institute of Social Anthropology (ISA) from 1949 to 1952 and as Consulting Anthropologist for the Institute of Inter-American Affairs, Chile. The papers in this collection mainly concern his field research on the role of alcohol in the community of Lunahuaná, Peru. The collection also contains draft manuscripts on the activities of the public health service in Lima and Chimbote, Peru, and his study of medical centers in Chile.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The papers in this collection mainly concern Ozzie G. Simmons' field research on the role of alcohol in the community of Lunahuaná, Peru. Materials include field notes, reading notes, survey responses, photographs, drawings, maps, and demographic information. The collection also contains draft manuscripts pertaining to his study of medical centers in Chile, focusing on preventative and educational activities and the relationship of the health centers with local communities. In addition, the collection contains a draft manuscript by Simmons on the activities of the public health service in Lima and Chimbote, Peru.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The collection is organized into two series: Series 1. Peru Research, 1950-1966, 1980; Series 2. Chile Research, 1952-1953.

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
Ozzie Gordon Simmons (1919--988) was born in the Canadian city of Winnipeg to American parents. He studied sociology at Northwestern University (BA, 1941) and Harvard University (MA, 1948; PhD, 1952). Simmons' doctoral dissertation, "Anglo Americans and Mexican Americans in South Texas: A study in dominant-subordinate group relations," was based on field research he conducted in Gallup, New Mexico and San Antonio, Texas, under Clyde Kluckhohn and Talcott Parsons. Simmons also served in the Air Force during World War II.
Simmons served as field director in Peru for the Bureau of American Ethnology's Institute of Social Anthropology (ISA) from 1949 to 1952. The ISA was an autonomous unit of the Smithsonian Institution which aimed to train Latin American anthropologists. Field personnel taught and mentored students in the field, while also pursuing their own research interests in the host country. In Simmons' case, he became involved in a study on the use of alcohol in the Peruvian town of Lunahuaná. After the ISA came to an end in 1952, Simmons briefly worked in Chile for the Institute of Inter-American Affairs.
Simmons' later career included appointments at Harvard University, the University of Colorado Boulder, the Ford Foundation, and Fordham University's Hispanic Research Center. In 1962, Simmons received the Hofheimer Prize from the American Psychiatric Association. His research interests included Latin American culture and society, medical anthropology, the use of alcohol, social psychiatry, and population. His last book, Perspectives on Development and Population Growth in the Third World, was published in 1988, shortly before his death.
Ozzie Simmons passed away on November 26, 1988 at age 69 of lung cancer.
Sources Consulted
American Anthropological Association. 1989. Deaths: Ozzie Gordon Simmons. Anthropology Newsletter 30(1): 4.
Demb, Sarah R. 1999. Simmons, Ozzie Gordon, (1919-1988) Papers, 1947-1948: A Finding Aid. Peabody Museum Archives, Harvard University.
Obituary Editor. 1988. Obituaries: Ozzie G. Simmons, 69, Sociology Researcher. New York Times, November 29.
Simmons, Ozzie G. 1964. [Peru Research: Faculty Fellowship Application]. Ozzie Gordon Simmons Papers. National Anthropological Archives.
1919
Born October 9 in Winnipeg, Manitoba
1941
Earns BA from Northwestern University
Joins the Air Force for four years during World War II
1947-1948
Conducts field research in Gallop, New Mexico and San Antonio, Texas under Clyde Kluckhohn and Talcott Parsons at Harvard University
1948
Earns MA in Sociology from Harvard University
1949-1952
Field Director Peru, Institute of Social Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution
Visiting Professor, National University of San Marcos, Lima, Peru
1952
Earns PhD in Sociology from Harvard University
1953
Consulting Anthropologist, Institute of Inter-American Affairs, Chile
1953-1961
Lecturer to Associate Professor of Anthropology, Harvard University
Director, Harvard Community Health Project, Harvard University
1961-1968
Professor of Sociology, University of Colorado Boulder
Director, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado Boulder
Senior Faculty Associate in Research, Brandeis University
1962
Receives Hofheimer Prize from the American Psychiatric Association
1969
Program Advisor for Latin America and the Caribbean, Ford Foundation
1971
Program Director for Social Science, Ford Foundation
1981
Joins Hispanic Research Center, Fordham University
1988
Dies of lung cancer on November 26 in Westwood, New Jersey

Administration
Processing Information note
When the collection was first deposited at the National Anthropological Archives, it was rehoused into archival folders and boxes. It is unclear whether the arrangement was imposed by Simmons or archival staff. In 2013, the processing archivist organized the collection into two series. The existing arrangement and folder titles were retained; titles assigned by the processing archivist have been placed within square brackets. Restricted materials were separated and replaced with notes indicating original and new locations.
Processed by Theresa Polk, 2013.
Encoded by Lorain Wang, 2014.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Theresa Polk

Bibliography
Bibliography
1953 The Health Center of San Miguel: An Analysis of a Public Health Program in Chile. Santiago, Chile: Institute of Inter-American Affairs.
1954 with E. Ross Jenney. Human Relations and Technical Assistance in Public Health. The Scientific Monthly 78(6): 365-371.
1955 The Criollo Outlook in the Mestizo Culture of Coastal Peru. American Anthropologist 57(1): 107-117.
1955 Popular and Modern Medicine in Mestizo Communities of Coastal Peru and Chile. The Journal of American Folklore 68(267): 57-71.
1955 Vehicles of Health Administration: The Clinical Team in a Chilean Health Center. In Health, Culture, and Community: Case Studies of Public Reactions to Health Programs. Benjamin D. Paul, ed. New York, Russell Sage Foundation.
1958 Social Status and Public Health: Memorandum to the Committee on Preventive Medicine and Social Science Research. New York: Social Science Research Council.
1959 Drinking Patterns and Intercultural Performance in a Peruvian Mestizo Community. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol 20: 103-111.
1960 Ambivalence and the Learning of Drinking Behavior in a Peruvian Community. American Anthropologist 62(6): 1018-1027.
1960 After Hospitalization: The Mental Patient and His Family. Austin, Texas: University of Texas, Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.
1961 The Mutual Images and Expectations of Anglo-Americans and Mexican-Americans. Daedalus 90(2): 286-299.
1963 with Howard E. Freeman. The Mental Patient Comes Home. New York: Wiley.
1965 with Helen MacGill Hughes. Work and Mental Illness: Eight Case Studies. New York: Wiley.
1974 Anglo-Americans and Mexican Americans in South Texas. New York: Arno Press.
1983 Development Perspectives and Population Change. Honolulu, Hawaii: East-West Center.
1988 Perspectives on Development and Population Growth in the Third World. New York: Plenum.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Ozzie G. Simmons papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Conditions Governing Access note
Some materials are restricted to protect the identity and privacy of individuals from Lunahuaná, Peru. Series 1. Peru Research contains sensitive information about the medical histories of individuals from Lunahuaná, as well as information about the victims of alleged crimes. Boxes 1 through 5, as well as some materials in Boxes 7 and 8, have been restricted until 2031-2032. One folder from Box 8 has been restricted until 2046.

Related Archival Materials note
Other materials related to Ozzie Gordon Simmons at the National Anthropological Archives include the Institute of Social Anthropology records and Manuscript 4623 Institute of Social Anthropology photographs.
In addition, Simmons' field notes from New Mexico and Texas during the period of 1947 to 1948 are held by Harvard University's Peabody Museum Archives.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Smithsonian Institution. Institute of Social Anthropology. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Alcohol Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drawings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drinking behavior Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Field notes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Health facilities Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lunahuaná (Peru) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical anthropology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Temuco (Chile) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Valparaíso (Chile) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300
naa@si.edu