John K. Hillers photographs of the American Southwest, 1870s-1880s (bulk 1879)
NAA.PhotoLot.143

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.143
Creators:
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925, photographer
Dates:
1870s-1880s
bulk 1879
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
circa 40 mounted prints
albumen
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The collection primarily consists of photographs made by John K. Hillers for the Bureau of American Ethnology documenting pueblos, cliff and rock dwellings, and people in Arizona and New Mexico. The photographs depict Navajo, Zuni, Taos, Oraibi, Walpi, Tesuque, Sichomovi, Cochiti, Mishongnavi, and Shipaulovi Pueblo tribes. There are also pictures of mounds, possibly in West Virginia, and a Hobart Nichols drawing of the interior of a Southwest Indian dwelling. The bulk of the photographs are on BAE mounts, of which some are stamped "Compliments of J. W. Powell". Several of the images were taken during the United States Geological Survey in 1885. It is possible that Powell compiled the collection for the United States Geological Survey library, as he was the director of both institutions during that period.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
John K. Hillers (1843-1925) immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1852. He spent almost twenty years photographing American Indians and the landscape of the Indian Territories, California, the Southwest, and the Southeast, largely for the Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States Geological Survey. He began work on the Survey as a boatman on John Wesley Powell's second expedition down the Colorado River in 1871. He soon became the assistant, and then the main photographer (1872) for the expedition. From 1879 to 1900, Hillers served as the first staff photographer of Powell's Bureau of Ethnology, and in 1881 he took pictures for the United States Geological Survey.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 143

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 143, John K. Hillers photographs of the American Southwest, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Tesuque
Pueblo
Oraibi
Mishongnavi

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional Hillers photographs in the National Anthropological Archives can be found in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 83-18, Photo Lot 87-2N, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-46, and the BAE historical negatives.
Location of Other Archival Materials
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Hillers's diary from 1871-1872 and 1874, 1875 (MS 4410).
Location of Other Archival Materials
The National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian American Art Museum, National Portrait Gallery, Duke University, Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology at University of California at Berkeley, Bancroft Library at the University of California at Berkeley, University of Oregon, and Southern Methodist University also hold photographs by Hillers.

See others in
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John K. Hillers photographs of the American Southwest, 1870s-1880s (bulk 1879)

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
This collection may have been transferred to the Bureau of American Ethnology by the United States Geological Survey.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962, artist Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902, possible collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.) Geographical Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cochiti Indians Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hopi Indians Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Southwest, New Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Navajo Indians Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pueblos Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Taos Indians Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zuni Indians Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300
naa@si.edu