Photo Lot 152, Alexander Schadenberg photographs of the Philippines, circa 1881-1896

Collection ID:
Schadenberg, A.
circa 1881-1896
Physical Description:
2 folders
note slips and negative enclosures
145 glass negatives
National Anthropological Archives

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs documenting Philippine peoples in their natural and built environments. Philippine locations depicted include Antipolo, Bangued, Mindanao, San Fernando, San Mateo, San Miguel, San Pedro Makati, and Vigan. Many of the photographs depict groups of people likely posed outside of their homes or places of work, as well as images of boats, military personnel and buildings, tropical forrest and water landscapes, a graveyard, and churchs and other buildings.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Photographs have been arranged into the following four series and four subseries:
Series 1: Locations
Series 2: People, Subseries A: Military, Subseries B: Other
Series 3: Buildings, Subseries A: Churches, Subseries B: Houses/Other
Series 4: Landscapes
There is also a folder of note slips and another of negative enclosures located in a separate file.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Alexander Schadenberg (1851-1896) was a collector, ethnographer, and natural history enthusiast. Born in Breslau, Germany, he was educated at the city's university in the fields of chemistry, pharmacy, and botany. After receiving his Ph.D., he worked as the assistant director of the Potassic Salt Works at Stassfurt for about two years, and then as a chemist at the drug firm Pablo Sartorius in Manila. While in Manila, he traveled to the interior of the island, visiting Philippine peoples settled there. Schadenberg was employed by Pablo Sartorius from 1876 to 1879, at which point illness forced him to move back to Breslau.
In August 1881, Schadenberg and his friend, Otto Koch, embarked on an expedition through southern Mindanao, building a base in the Bagobo village of Sibulan. There they undertook ethnographic studies, documented vocabularies, and assembled a comprehensive collection of anthropological and other natural history specimens.
When Schadenberg's expedition ended in 1883, he returned to Germany to work with his collections for the next three years. From 1883 through 1885, he published, lectured, and corresponded with museums and anthropological societies throughout Europe. He returned to the Philippines to become a partner of Pablo Sartorius. Schadenberg settled with his family in Vigan in November 1885 and continued his excursions among the native people of the islands. After Schadenberg's death in 1896, his collections passed to several museums in Dresden, Vienna, Berlin, and Leyden.

Processing Information note
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 78.
The Dresden Museum assigned a temporary number and provided a brief inventory of the collection. Upon acquisition, Smithsonian staff, particularly Pat Afable, completed a more thorough inventory and digitized the images.
This finding aid was written and encoded by Eden Orelove, 2016.
Description note
To provide greater intellectual access and unite separated photographs, during the final processing the collection was rearranged from the original numbering system provided by the Dresdon Museum into four series: locations, people, buildings and landscapes.
Each series is numbered (i.e. 1, 2, 3 or 4). Each subseries is indicated by a letter (the first subseries is "A", the second "B"). Thus item 2A.1 represents series 2, subseries A, item 1.
Finding aid prepared by Eden Orelove
Custodial History note
The collection was a gift through Dr. A.B. Meyer, Director of the Dresden Museum, in October, 1903. The negatives were among 500 donated to the Dresden Museum by the widow of Dr. Schadenberg. The whole lot was presented to the Royal Museum, and those not needed for publications (145 negatives) were sent to the USNM, and accepted by Assistant Secretary R. Rathbun. All entries for these negatives in the registry catalogue book are labelled Philippine Islands. The accession number is 41586.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 152, Alexander Schadenberg photographs of the Philippines, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
The Dresden Museum likely holds the remainder of this collection. The National Library of Australia holds some of Schadenberg's photographs in the Otley Beyer collection of photographs. Museums in Vienna, Berlin and Leyden also hold photos by Schadenberg.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Architecture -- Philippines Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Boats and boating Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Church buildings Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Church Interiors Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Filipinos Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Glass plate negatives Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Habitations and other structures--Philippines Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pasig River (Luzon, Philippines) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Philippines Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Philippines--ethnology Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Philippines--fishing Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300