L. T. Butterfield photograph of Plenty Horses' Trial Group No. 1, circa 1891
NAA.PhotoLot.165

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.165
Creators:
Butterfield, L. T.
Dates:
circa 1891
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
2 copy negatives
35 mm
1 copy print
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Portrait of people involved in Plenty Horses' Trial, including Plenty Horses, Living Bear, Bear-That-Lays-Down, He Dog, Broken Arm, White Moon, Rock Road, Pete Richard, Phillip H. Wells, William Rowland Thompson, Cris Mathison, F. C. Fry, Captain J. G. Ballance, W. B. Sterling, George P. Nock, and D. E. Powers.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Plenty Horses was tried at Fort Meade in South Dakota for the killing of Army Lieutenant Edward W. Casey during the Wounded Knee Massacre. The central argument of Plenty Horses' lawyers George Nock and David Powers was that a state of war existed between the United States and the Lakota Nation; as such, the belligerents could kill each other without threat of criminal penalty. The court found that a state of war did exist and released Plenty Horses, thereby exonerating the soldiers of the Seventh Cavalry involved in the Massacre.

Administration
Existence and Location of Originals note
Original retained by Helen L. Niesen.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Sarah Ganderup

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 165

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 165, L. T. Butterfield photograph of Plenty Horses' Trial Group No. 1, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Sioux

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
An additional Butterfield photograph held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Donated by Helen L. Niesen, 1991.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Plenty Horses, d. 1933 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Brulé Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Great Plains Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Trials Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wounded Knee Massacre, S.D., 1890 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300
naa@si.edu