Timothy O'Sullivan photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian," 1871-1874
NAA.PhotoLot.167

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.167
Creators:
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882, photographer
Dates:
1871-1874
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
8 stereographic negatives
glass
7 enlarged prints
33 contact prints
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs made on the geographical explorations and surveys west of the 100th meridian, under Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, War Department, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A. 1871-74. The bulk of the photographs were made by Timothy H. Sullivan during the years 1871-1872 and 1874, but there are also some taken by William Bell in 1873. The photos include images of expedition party members, camps, and transportation, as well as pueblos, Southwest Indians (including Zuni, Navajo, Apache, Coyotero Apache, Jicarilla Apache, Ute, and Mohave Indians), and scenic views in canyons of the Colorado River, Canyon de Chelly, Apache Lake, and the Cerro Blanco Mountains.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
The geographical surveys west of the 100th meridian were operated under the United States Army Corps of Engineers and supervised by First Lieutenant (later Captain) George Montague Wheeler from 1869 through 1879. They were intended to document the geography in order to make accurate maps, record locations of American Indian tribes in the region, select possible sites for military installations and rail or common roads, and note resources in the area. In total, the surveys analyzed the region now covered by Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the expeditions produced 164 maps, 41 publications, and a series of stereoviews. Timothy H. O'Sullivan began photographing geographical surveys in 1867-1869 when he was the official photographer for Clarence King’s United States Geological Exploration of the 40th Parallel. He served as the official photographer for the Wheeler surveys in 1871, 1872, and 1874, with William Bell taking over in 1873. O'Sullivan later became the United States Geological Survey's first photographer in Washington, D.C.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
Digital surrogates of glass negatives are available.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Sarah Ganderup

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 167

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 167, Timothy O'Sullivan photographs from the "Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian," National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Coyotero
JIcarilla

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
This collection has been relocated from Photo Lot 78.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Contact prints and enlargements, previously filed in MS 4498, have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 167. The prints were made from these negatives and additional, probably by the Bureau of American Ethnology, and form part of this collection.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Published stereographs and associated papers relating to the surveys are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4501.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional O'Sullivan and Bell photographs are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 40, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 24, and Photo Lot 97.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Some survey negatives were transferred to the National Archives, circa 1948. They are held there in Record Group 106.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
The negatives may have come to Smithsonian through the War Department shortly after the surveys were completed. The prints were probably made circa 1937 by the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Bell, William, 1830-1910, photographer Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wheeler, George M. (George Montague), 1842-1905 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Apache Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Colorado River Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Grand Canyon (Ariz.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Great Basin Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Southwest, New Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mohave Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Navajo Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ute Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zuni Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300
naa@si.edu