United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, probably 1870s-1880s
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C
Creators:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)
Dates:
probably 1870s-1880s
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
circa 100 negatives
glass
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs of skulls in the United States Army Medical Museum collection, which appear to have been collected for physical anthropological purposes. Included are archeological remains and remains of historical American Indian tribes and some other ethnic groups. Other than tribe or location, data for the specimens include Army Medical Museum specimen number, AMM negative number, and sex; for some, there is also collection data and information on physical or medical conditions. There are also notes identifying donors who included army officers, physicians, scientists, and explorers such as Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Edward Palmer, Frederic Ward Putnam, George Rolleston, Paul Schumacher, and many others. Some of the photographs may have been made as part of the Army Medical Museumʹs program of distributing images of its specimens.
Represented are Africans, Chinook, Choptank, Dakota, Eskimo of Greenland, Taiwanese peoples, Hawaiians, Hidatsa, Nisqually, Philippine peoples, Ponca, Potowatomi, Pueblo, Tonkawa, and Ute. Archeological specimens are from the Aleutian Islands, California, the Dakotas, England (Roman period), Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New Mexico, Peru, Vancouver Island, and Vermont. For some, there is also information about the status or physical condition of the individual or observations of medical conditions shown in the specimens. Some additional photographs appear to show specimens at the American Museum of Natural History.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased American Indians. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 73-26C
,
NAA Photo Lot 73-26D

Bibliography
Bibliography
Some of the images also relate to John Shaw Billings and Washington Matthewsʹ publication in the Memoirs of the National Academy of Science, volume, 1886.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 73-26C, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 73-26D have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-26C. These are also Army Medical Museum negatives of skulls and form part of this collection.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Photographs probably transferred by the Army Medical Museum. They were turned over to the Smithsonian's central photographic laboratory in the early to mid 20th century. They were returned to the Department of Anthropology in 1973.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913, collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Guiteau, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1841-1882, depicted Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887, collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905, collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Palmer, Edward, 1831-1911, collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915, collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rolleston, George, 1829-1881, collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Schumacher, Paul J. F., collector Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Africans -- United States -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chinook Indians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Choptank Indians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dakota Indians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eskimos -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hawaiians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Great Basin Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Great Plains Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Northeast Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Northwest Coast of North America Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nisqually Indians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pomo Indians--depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Potawatomi Indians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pueblo Indians--depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Taiwan aborigines -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Taiwanese -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tonkawa Indians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ute Indians -- depicted Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300
naa@si.edu