Carlos Montezuma lantern slide collection relating to American Indians, circa 1871-1913
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.73
Creators:
Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923
Dates:
circa 1871-1913
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
171 lantern slides
Repository:

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The collection includes hand-colored glass lantern slides collected by Dr. Carlos Montezuma and used for his lectures on American Indian rights. Many of the photographs are portraits, some made at Ft. McDowell and Fort Apache. Other images show schools, reservations, dwellings, Charles Dickens (a Yavapai store owner), Montezuma's Castle, Casa Grande, and scenic views. A special series includes photographs made during a 1913 hunting and sightseeing trip that he organized, probably including photographs made by Montezuma's guests, John T. McCutcheon and Charles B. Gibson.
Some of the images were made by Charles (Carlos) Gentile, the photographer and benefactor of Montezuma in his early years. There are also several by Father Peter Paulus Prando and John N. Choate, and one portrait each by Napoleon Sarony and Matthew Brady. Otherwise, the photographers are unidentified.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Carlos Montezuma (1866-1923, also called Wassaja) was an American Indian activist and physician. He was a Yavapai Indian, though he often identified himself erroneously as Apache. He was captured by Pima Indians at a young age and sold in 1871 to Italian-immigrant and pioneer photographer Carlo (or Charles) Gentile, who adopted the child and took him to New York. Montezuma graduated from the University of Illinois (1884) and received his MD from the Chicago Medical College (1889). He developed a friendship with Richard Henry Pratt, head of the Carlisle Indian School, and took a post as reservation physician for the Bureau of Indian Services. During this time he developed an opposition to BIA policies and became an American Indian advocate, speaking out against reservations. He gave numerous lectures on American Indians at institutions around the United States, helped organize the Society of American Indians, and published a personal newsletter entitled Wassaja (1916-1922). In 1896, Montezuma established a medical practice in Chicago. He died in Arizona in 1923.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
Copy negatives and copy prints for some images, made by the Smithsonian, are available with the collection.
Author
Sarah Ganderup

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 73

Varying Form of Title
Varying Form of Title
Carlos Montezuma-Doris Collester Collection of Lantern Slides

General note
General note
The handwriting on the slides has been identified as that of Dr. Carlos Montezuma by John Larner, the editor of Montezumaʹs papers. Information in this catalog record has been taken from Cesare Marino, Solving the Mystery: The Carlos Montezuma-Doris Collester Collection of Lantern Slides in the NAA : Report of Background Research and Interview with Mrs. Doris Collester, Donor of the Carlos Montezuma Collection of Hand-tinted Lantern Slides to the Smithsonian Institution, conducted in Williamstown, West Virginia, August 2013.

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo lot 73, Carlos Montezuma lantern slide collection relating to Arizona Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Navaho
Shoshone
Sioux
Papago (Tohono O'odham)

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
Correspondence from Montezuma is held in the National Anthropological Archives in the records of the Bureau of American Ethnology.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Carlos Montezuma's papers are held in the Newberry Library, Roger and Julie Baskes Department of Special Collections; Arizona State University Libraries, Charles Trumbull Hayden Library; and University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections.

See others in
See others in
Carlos Montezuma lantern slide collection relating to Arizona Indians, circa 1871-1913

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
The lantern slides were given by Montezuma's widow, Marie Keller Montezuma (later Moore) and her second husband, Bill Moore to Robert Collester, circa 1940s. They were donated to the Smithsonian by Doris Collester, circa 1961.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Inventory and part of Cesare Marino's report on the collection are available in repository.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Dakota Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Basin Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Apache Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Crow Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maricopa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Paiute Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shoshoni Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ute Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yavapai Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tohono O'Odham Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mohave Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dwellings Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Montezuma Castle National Monument (Ariz.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Casa Grande (Ariz.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Navajo Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cheyenne Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Brady, Mathew B., approximately 1823-1896 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sarony, Napoleon, 1821-1896 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Prando, Peter Paul Father Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Phoenix Indian School Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Choate, J. N. (John N.), 1848-1902 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gentile, Carlo, 1835-1893 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/