John Reed Swanton photographs of Southeastern American Indians, circa 1900s-1910s
NAA.PhotoLot.76
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.PhotoLot.76
Creators:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958
Dates:
circa 1900s-1910s
Languages:
Undetermined
Physical Description:
601 negatives
nitrate
415 prints
(duplicates not counted)
silver gelatin
174 lantern slides
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Photographs of Southeastern American Indian people, homes, ceremonial grounds, and events made circa 1900s‐1910s by John Reed Swanton. The lantern slides, probably used for lectures, include images of Southeastern rivers and bayous and historical maps. Additionally, there are a number of slides with notes and charts relating to linguistic comparisons.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
John Reed Swanton (1873‐1958) was an ethnologist and ethnohistorian with the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) from 1900 until his retirement in 1944. Swanton spent his first few years at the BAE studying the Haida and Tlingit groups of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, and published a number of significant articles on the language, ethnography, and folklore of Northwest Coast Indians. His focus then shifted to the American Indians of the Southeastern United States. In addition to conducting ethnographic fieldwork in the Southeast, Swanton studied extensively the history of the area in order to better understand its indigenous cultures and is considered a pioneer in the field of ethnohistory. During his career Swanton published numerous articles and several major works on Southeastern American Indians, including the reference work The Indians of the Southeastern United States, in 1946, a Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin (No. 137).

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
The lantern slides and some prints have been digitized and are available online.
Existence and Location of Copies note
Copy negatives have been made for the nitrate negatives.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Sarah Ganderup

Local Call Number(s)
Local Call Number(s)
NAA Photo Lot 76

Digital Content

Bibliography
Bibliography
Photographs published in John ReedSwanton, "Indian Tribes of the lower Mississippi Valley and adjacent coast of the Gulf of Mexico," BAE Bulletin 43; Swanton, "The Indians of the Southeastern United States," BAE Bulletin 137; and Swanton, “Social organization and social usages of the Indians of the Creek confederacy,” 42nd BAE Annual Report, 1924-1925.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and not available for viewing.
Conditions Governing Use note
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Preferred Citation note
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs of Southeastern American Indians, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Addl. KW Subj
Addl. KW Subj
Nuyaka Mission school
Creek (Muskogee)
Hillabi
Tuskegee
Tukabatchee
Alibamu
Chiaha
Eufaula
Kealedji
Hilibi; Hillabi
Laplako
Liwahali
Okfuskee
Okchai
Ofo

Location of Other Archival Materials
Location of Other Archival Materials
The National Anthropological Archives Numbered Manuscripts include more than 200 manuscripts created or collected by Swanton.
Location of Other Archival Materials
Photographs relating to Swanton’s work with the Tlingit are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.
Location of Other Archival Materials
The Department of Anthropology ethnology collections also holds objects collected by Swanton, including potsherds from various sites in Southeastern United States (accessions 111748, 113252, 122679, 129788, 165802, and 062577).

See others in
See others in
John Reed Swanton photographs of Southeastern American Indians, circa 1900s-1910s

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
The photographs came to the archives during Swanton’s tenure at the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Electronic finding aid available via the website of the National Anthropological Archives.
Other Finding Aids note

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Alabama Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Atakapa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Biloxi Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Caddo Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Catawba Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cherokee Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chickasaw Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chitimacha Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Choctaw Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Coosa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Creek Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Creoles Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dance Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dwellings Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Games Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Houma Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Great Plains Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Southern States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Koasati Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Language and languages -- Documentation Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lantern slides Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Natchez Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pascagoula Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Seminole Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Taensa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tunica Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yuchi Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland , 20746
Phone: 301.238.1300
naa@si.edu