Joseph D. Mountain Collection
NASM.1991.0079
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.1991.0079
Creators:
Mountain, Joseph D., 1902-1970
Dates:
1916-1970
Languages:
English
English.
Physical Description:
1.57 cubic feet
(6 boxes)
Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives Division
This collection follows Mountain's aviation career.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
This collection follows
Joseph Mountain
's aviation career and includes photographic negatives and prints, diaries and flight log books, reports, and maps. Mountain's photographs from his service in Saudi Arabia are of particular interest --taken not long before the great oil discoveries at Dammam in 1938, they capture the desert kingdom at the very edge of the tremendous changes that the oil economy brought to the Gulf. The images are a fascinating record of traditional Saudi Arabian life, crafts and architecture. Highlights include portraits of dancers at Eid al-Fitr celebrations, market scenes in Hufuf and the Old Town of Al Jubail, camel caravans, Saudi hunters with their hawks, and pearl fishermen and their dhows. Mountain also extensively photographed members of the CASOC team at work and interacting with their Saudi workers and acquaintances.
Joseph Mountain
's negatives are stored in the Archive Division's cold vault and are not available to researchers. Scans of the negatives may be viewed in the Archives Division reading room, or through the Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS) web site at http://bit.ly/dL2zDs.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
No series - arranged by materials: Documents, oversize and images

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Joseph Dunlap Mountain was born on October 24, 1902 in Cherryvale, Kansas. He joined the U.S. Army Air Service in 1919; he was awarded his wings and commissioned a second lieutenant in 1921. Mountain continued to fly after leaving the Air Service and also took up photography.
In 1928, Mountain was employed by the Continental Air Map Company in the aerial mapping of the state of California. In 1934-1935, he served as a pilot, aerial photographer, darkroom technician and mechanic for the California-Arabian Standard Oil Company (CASOC; in 1944 renamed the Arabian American Oil Company --Aramco, now Saudi Aramco) expedition to Saudi Arabia; Mountain logged over 221 hours of reconnaissance and mapping flights for CASOC. In 1936-1937, Mountain contracted with the Saudi Arabia Mining Syndicate to make an aerial survey of the Hejaz region of Saudi Arabia.
From 1937-1947, Mountain was a pilot for Trans World Airlines. During World War II, Mountain returned to active duty with the U.S. Army Air Forces as a training officer in the Air Transport Command. He was awarded the Bronze Star while serving in the China-Burma-India Theater and supervising supply missions over "The Hump" --the dangerous air route over the Himalaya Range. In 1945 he was promoted to full Colonel and appointed executive officer of the Committee for Air Navigation and Traffic Control.
In 1947, Mountain entered the computer industry with International Telephone and Telegraph. Later, he founded Mountain Systems, a digital computer manufacturing company, and Mountain Datasystem, a data processing firm. During the Korean War, he served as an Air Force liaison officer with the Bell Telephone Laboratories. After the war, he returned to civilian life and continued to work in the computer industry. Joseph Mountain died on November 25, 1970 at the age of 68.

Administration
Processing Information note
Joseph Mountain's photographs of Saudi Arabia may be viewed online in the Archives Division's reading room, or on the Smithsonian Institution Research Information Service (SIRIS) at http://bit.ly/dL2zDs.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Wakako Komoto, Allan Janus
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Isabel Mountain, gift, 1991, 1991-0079, NASM

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Joseph D. Mountain Collection, Acc. 1991-0079, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Access note
No restrictions on access
Conditions Governing Use note
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Arabian American Oil Company. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mountain, Joseph D., 1902-1970 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aerial photography Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics, Commercial--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics, Military Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cartography Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diaries Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maps Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Publications Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Saudi Arabia Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives Division
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA, 20151
Phone: 703-572-4045
NASMRefDesk@si.edu