Bellcomm, Inc Technical Library Collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NASM.XXXX.0093
Creators:
Bellcomm, Inc.
Dates:
1959-1972
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
81.71 cubic feet
222 letter document boxes, 1 slim letter document box, 4 flatboxes
Repository:
This collection contains the non-book portion of Bellcomm's Technical Library. The material in the collection consists of technical reports prepared by NASA subcontractors and/or NASA facilities during the first decade of space exploration (1960-1970). The collections also includes some reports issued by the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) at Pasadena, CA, including Space Program and Research Summaries, as well as technical and engineering documents.

Scope and Content Note
Scope and Content Note
This collection contains the non-book portion of Bellcomm's Technical Library. The material in the collection consists of technical reports prepared by NASA subcontractors and/or NASA facilities during the first decade of space exploration (1960-1970). The reports cover a variety of space exploration-related subjects, including a number of defunct programs and space medicine concerns, as well as the better-known exploration projects, such as Mercury, Gemini, Surveyor, and so forth. The library also includes some reports issued by the California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) at Pasadena, CA, including Space Program and Research Summaries, as well as technical and engineering documents.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Several attempts were made to organize the Bellcomm material before it was transferred from SS&E to the NASM Archives Division. The most thorough of these attempts left two sections of the collection independently organized by corporate author and a third unorganized section. As the proposed corporate-author organization would cause documents relating to a single program to be separated based upon which contractor submitted the report while juxtaposing completely unrelated materials, this arrangement has been discarded in favor of a subject (program or study) arrangement.
Following a series of Bibliographies and General Reports, the materials are organized into five series based upon NASA's functional organization during much of the 1960s: Launch Vehicle Programs, Manned Space Flight Programs, Space Science and Applications (Planetary Reconnaissance and Earth-Orbiting Satellites), Tracking and Data Acquisition, and Advanced Research and Technology. Materials relating to military programs follow in a separate series.
Under each series, materials are arranged by study and/or project. Materials relating to specific missions follow general material relating to the project under which the mission was launched. As no reference has surfaced to date positively linking a specific study to a specific project or program, series assignments have been made based upon the study name. The series assignments in this finding aid should not be taken to represent the actual NASA program or project under which the report was originally funded.
Series I. Bibliographies and General Reports
Series II. Launch Vehicle Programs
Series III. Manned Space Flight Programs
Series IV. Space Science and Applications
Series V. Tracking and Data Acquisition
Series VI. Advanced Research and Technology
Series VII. Military Programs and Studies

Historical note
Historical note
Bellcomm, Inc was a subsidiary of American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) established in 1963 for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Bellcomm was originally organized to provide NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight with technical and management advice for the Manned Space Flight Program. As the NASA-Bellcomm relationship evolved, the latter became directly responsible for systems engineering and analysis and assisted in the overall spacecraft integration for the Apollo program. Bellcomm's Technical Library provided company personnel with immediate access to technical reports and studies dealing with a wide variety of topics affecting the American space program. When the Apollo Program ended in 1972 the company also ceased operation and the library was transferred to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM).

Administration
Processing Information Note
The collection, as it now exists, consists of engineering study reports and other documents covering all aspects of the United States space program, but relating primarily to the manned space flight program and the Apollo program in particular. Some portions of the original Bellcomm library, most notably books, were placed in the library collection of the NASM, now part of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries. The remaining material was turned over to the NASM Astronautics Department.(1)
At that time some of the material in the collection was dispersed among the departmental files and some extraneous material was interfiled. Most notably, all reports originating at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) were removed for interfiling with a collection of JPL reports being assembled by the Astronautics department staff. During the processing of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Publications Collection (now NASM Archives Accession XXXX-0612) in 1999, some 5½ cubic feet of material which could be positively identified as belonging to the Bellcomm Library was removed from the JPL Collection and returned to the Bellcomm Collection. During the processing of the Bellcomm Collection, items which could be determined not to have originated with Bellcomm were removed from the collection and some effort was made to retrieve Bellcomm material from several other collections of Astronautics/Space Science and Exploration/Space History materials.
The determination of whether to retain or retrieve an item was based primarily on date and markings on the document. Items postdating the transfer of the Bellcomm material to NASM (ca.1972) were automatically removed from the collection. Items bearing one of the several "Bellcomm Technical Library" stamps in use over the lifetime of the company were automatically included in the collection, while items bearing stamps from other NASM collections were removed. If no such stamps were present, a judgement was made based upon other markings. Some -- but not all -- stamped Bellcomm materials also have the report number or title hand-written on or near the spine; unstamped documents bearing similar hand-written report numbers have been retained or replevened, as appropriate. Therefore it is impossible at this date precisely to determine what documents were or were not present in the Library at the time of its transfer to the NASM; in addition a number of multi-volume reports remain incomplete.
Endnote:
1. The Astronautics Department later became the Department of Space Science and Exploration (SS&E). Currently it is the Department of Space History (DSH).
Author
Paul Silbermann
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Bellcomm, Inc, transfer, XXXX-0093, unknown

Corporate Abbreviations
Corporate Abbreviations
ACM
Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Co
ACM/RD
ACM, Research Division
Aerospace
The Aerospace Corp
Aerospace/ETRO
Aerospace Corp, Eastern Test Range Office
Aerospace/GLSD
Aerospace, Gemini Launch Systems Directorate (El Segundo Technical Operations)
Aerospace/SEO
Aerospace, Systems Engineering Operations
Aerospace/SSO
Aerospace, Special Studies Office (System Planning Division, El Segundo Technical Operations)
AFAEDC
United States Air Force, Arnold Engineering Development Center
AFCRL
United States Air Force, Cambridge Research Laboratories
AFETR
United States Air Force, Eastern Test Range (Canaveral AFS, FL)
AFMTC
United States Air Force, Missile Test Center (Patrick AFB, FL)
AFSC
United States Air Force, Air Force Systems Command
AFSC/ARML
AFSC, 6570th Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory (Aerospace Medical Division)
AFSC/ESD
AFSC, Electronic Systems Division
AFSC/FDL
AFSC, Flight Dynamics Laboratory (Aeronautical Systems Division)
AFSC/SAM
AFSC, School of Aerospace Medicine (Aerospace Medical Division)
AGC
Aerojet-General Corp
AGC/LRO
AGC, Liquid Rocket Operations
AGC/SGC
AGC, Space-General Corp
Allison/ED
Allison, Engineering Department
ARMC
AiResearch Manufacturing Co.
Avco
Avco Corp
Avco/ERL
Avco, Everett Research Laboratories
Avco/RAD
Avco, Research and Advanced Development Division
BBRC
Ball Brothers Research Corp
Bell
Bell Aerospace Corp (Textron)
Bell/BAC
Bell, Bell Aerosystems Co
Bell Labs
Bell Telephone Laboratories
Bendix/ASD
Bendix Corp, Aerospace Systems Division
Bendix/BPAD
Bendix Corp, Bendix Products Aerospace Division
Bendix/BPAD/EAES
Bendix/BPAD, Energy Absorption Equipment Section
Bendix/BPAD/SSMG
Bendix/BPAD, Space Structure Mechanics Group
Bendix/BSD
Bendix Corp, Bendix Systems Division
Bendix/ECD
Bendix, Energy Controls Division
Bendix/ECD/AMD
Bendix/ECD, Analytical Mechanics Dept
Boeing/AG
Boeing, Aerospace Group
Boeing/AG/SD
Boeing/AG, Space Division
Boeing/ALASG
Boeing, Apollo Launch Availability Study Group
Boeing/ASD
Boeing, Aero-Space Division
Boeing/ASD/LSB
Boeing/ASD, Launch Systems Branch
Boeing/ASD/SBB
Boeing/ASD, Saturn Booster Branch
Boeing/S5LO
Boeing, Saturn V Launch Operations (Atlantic Test Center)
Boeing/SD
Boeing, Space Division
Boeing/SD/LSB
Boeing/SD, Launch Systems Branch
Boeing/SRL
Boeing Co, Scientific Research Laboratories
Bdefitemn/RL
Bdefitemn Engineering Co Inc, Research Laboratories
Chrysler/DSG
Chrysler Corp, Defense-Space Group
Chrysler/SD
Chrysler Corp, Space Division
Cornell/CRSR
Cornell University, Center for Radiophysics and Space Research
CUA/SSAP
Catholic University of America, Department of Space Science and Applied Physics
CVC/VA
Chance Vought Corp, Vought Astronautics
Douglas/MSSD
Douglas Aircraft Co, Missile and Space Systems Division
Douglas/SSC
Douglas, Space Systems Center
Fairchild/SSE
Fairchild Stratos Inc, Spacecraft Systems Engineering
Ford
Ford Motor Co
Ford/Philco/AD
Ford, Philco Corp, Aeronutronic Division
Garrett/ARMD
Garrett Corp, AiResearch Manufacturing Division
GATC
General American Transportation Corp.
GATC/GARD
GATC, General American Research Division
GD
General Dynamics Corp.
GD/Astronautics
GD, Astronautics Division
GD/Convair
GD, Convair Division
GE
General Electric Co
GE/AATD
GE, Aircraft Accessory Turbine Department
GE/AP
GE, Accessory Power
GE/ASD
GE, Apollo Support Dept
GE/ASD/KCE
GE/ASD, KSC Checkout Engineering
GE/DECO
GE, Direct Energy Conversion Operation
GE/DSD
GE, Defense Systems Department
GE/MSD
GE, Missile and Space Division
GE/MSD/ANSO
GE/MSD, Advanced Nuclear Systems Operation
GE/MSD/IPSO
GE/MSD, Isotope Power Systems Operation
GE/RL
GE, Research Laboratory
GE/SD
GE, Spacecraft Department
GE/SSO
GE, Space Systems Organization
GE/TEMPO
GE, Technical Military Planning Operation
GM
General Motors Corp
GM/AC
GM, AC Electronics Division
GM/AC-DRL/LPP
GM, AC Electronics-Defense Research Laboratories, Lunar and Planetary Programs
GM/DRL
GM, Defense Research Laboratories
Grumman
Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp
Grumman/ED
Grumman, Engineering Dept
Grumman/PSD
Grumman, Product Support Dept
GSFC
Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA)
GSFC/DOB
GSFC, Data Operations Branch (Manned Flight Operations Division, Tracking and Data Systems Directorate)
GSFC/MFOB
GSFC, Manned Flight Operations Branch (Manned Flight Operations Division)
GSFC/NSSDC
GSFC, National Space Science Data Center
GWU/BSCP
George Washington University, Biological Sciences Communication Project
GWU/PPS
George Washington University, Program of Policy Studies
Harvard/HCO
Harvard University, Harvard College Observatory
Hercules/CPD
Hercules Inc, Chemical Propulsion Division
Honeywell/AD
Honeywell, Aeronautical Division
Honeywell/AD/MPG
Honeywell/AD, Military Products Group
Honeywell/SAS
Honeywell, Space and Armament Systems
Hughes
Hughes Aircraft Co.
Hughes/SSD
Hughes, Space Systems Division
IAS
Institute of the Aerospace Sciences
IBM/FSD
IBM Federal Systems Division
IBM/SGC
IBM Space Guidance Center
IITRI/ASC
IIT Research Institute, Astro Sciences Center
JHU/APL/CPIA
Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physic Laboratory, Chemical Propulsion Information Agency
JPL/ALST
JPL, Advanced Lunar Studies Team
KSC
Kennedy Space Center (NASA)
KSC/DASA
KSC, Data Acquisition Systems and Analysis
KSC/ESD
KSC, Engineering Support Division
KSC/HLSS
KSC, Historical and Library Services Section
KSC/LSEED
KSC, Launch Support Equipment Engineering Division
KSC/LSRO
KSC, Launch Systems Reliability Office (Launch Support Equipment Engineering Division)
KSC/LVO
KSC, Launch Vehicle Operations
KSC/SO
KSC, Safety Office
Langley
Langley Research Center (NASA)
Langley/FRPO
Langley, Flight Reentry Programs Office
Langley/LOPO
Langley, Lunar Orbiter Project Office
Langley/STG
Langley, Space Task Group
Langley/VPO
Langley, Viking Project Office
LC/AID
Library of Congress, Aerospace Information Division
Lockheed
Lockheed Aircraft Corp
Lockheed/LCO
Lockheed, Lockheed-California Co
Lockheed/LCO/SO
Lockheed/LCO, Spacecraft Organization
Lockheed/LEC
Lockheed, Lockheed Electronics Co
Lockheed/LMSC
Lockheed, Lockheed Missiles and Space Co
Lockheed/LMSC/CSP
Lockheed/LMSC, Cryogenic Stage Programs
Lockheed/LMSC/HREC
Lockheed/LMSC, Huntsville Research and Engineering Center
Lockheed/LMSC/PVS
Lockheed/LMSC, Propulsion Vehicle Systems
Lockheed/LMSC/RDD
Lockheed/LMSC, Research and Development Division
Lockheed/LMSC/SSD
Lockheed/LMSC, Space Systems Division
LTV/AD
Ling-Temco-Vought Inc., Astronautics Division
LTV/MSD
LTV Aerospace Corp, Missiles and Space Division --Texas
Martin/AGSD
Martin Co, Advanced Ground Systems Dept
Martin/BD
Martin Co, Baltimore Division
McDonnell
McDonnell Aircraft Corp
MDC/DMSSD
MDC, Douglas Missile and Space Systems Division
MDC/MAC
McDonnell Douglas Corp., McDonnell Astronautics Co
MDC/MDAC
MDC, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Co
MDC/MDAC/ED
MDC/MDAC, Eastern Division
MIT
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MIT/CSR
MIT, Center for Space Research
MIT/IL
MIT, Instrumentation Laboratory
MIT/LL
MIT, Lincoln Laboratory
MMC/AD
Martin Marietta Corp, Aerospace Division
MMC/DD
MMC, Denver Division
MMC/ND
MMC, Nuclear Division
MSC
Manned Spacecraft Center (NASA)
MSC/AFPS
MSC, Apollo Flight Planning Section (Flight Planning Branch, Flight Crew Support Division)
MSC/AMPO
MSC, Advanced Missions Program Office
MSC/ASPO
MSC, Apollo Spacecraft Program Office
MSC/ATSO
MSC, Apollo Trajectory Support Office (Mission and Planning Analysis Division)
MSC/FCD
MSC, Flight Control Division
MSC/FES
MSC, Flight Equipment Section (Mission Operations Branch, Flight Crew Support Division)
MSC/FOD
MSC, Flight Operations Directorate
MSC/FPB
MSC, Flight Planning Branch (Crew Procedures Division)
MSC/FSD
MSC, Flight Support Division
MSC/GPB
MSC, Guidance and Performance Branch (Mission Planning and Analysis Division)
MSC/ISD
MSC, Information Systems Division,
MSC/LEPO
MSC, Lunar Experiments Project Office
MSC/LMO
MSC, Lunar Missions Office (Advanced Spacecraft Technology Division)
MSC/LSPO
MSC, Lunar Surface Project Office (Engineering and Development Directorate)
MSC/MAB
MSC, Management Analysis Branch
MSC/MATT
MSC, Mission Analysis Task Team (Saturn V Orbital Workshop Study)
MSC/MPAD
MSC, Mission Planning and Analysis Division
MSC/MSB
MSC, Mapping Sciences Branch (Earth Observations Division, Science and Applications Directorate
MSC/MSL
MSC, Mapping Sciences Laboratory
MSC/OMSFPG
MSC, Office of Manned Space Flight Planning Group
MSC/RQAO
MSC, Reliability and Quality Assurance Office (Reliability and Certification Office)
MSC/RSB
MSC, Recovery Systems Branch (Landing and Recovery Division)
MSC/SED
MSC, Systems Engineering Division
MSC/SOB
MSC, Systems Operations Branch (Landing and Recovery Division)
MSC/TTB
MSC, Thermochemical Test Branch (Propulsion and Power Division)
MSFC
Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA)
MSFC/AESB
MSFC, Airborne Electrical Systems Branch (Astrionics Laboratory)
MSFC/ASIS
MSFC, Airborne Systems Integration Section (Astrionics Division)
MSFC/FPO
MSFC, Future Projects Office
MSFC/LVOD
MSFC, Launch Vehicle Operations Division
MSFC/MDC
MSFC, Managerial Data Center
MSFC/MDWG
MSFC, Meteoroid Damage Working Group,
MSFC/MSO
MSFC, Management Services Office
MSFC/MSS
MSFC, Manned Simulation Section (Man/System Integration Branch, Mechanical and Crew Systems Integration Division, Astronautics Laboratory, Science and Engineering Directorate)
MSFC/PVEL
MSFC, Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Laboratory (Vehicle Systems Division, Systems Requirements Branch)
MSFC/S1BPO
MSFC, Saturn IB Program Office
MSFC/S1PCO
MSFC, Saturn I/IB Program Control Office
MSFC/S5PCO
MFSC, Saturn V Program Control Office
MSFC/S5PO
MSFC, Saturn V Program Office
MSFC/S5TMO
MSFC, Saturn V Test Management Office
MSFC/SEO
MSFC, Systems Engineering Office
MSFC/SFEWG
MSFC, Saturn Flight Evaluation Working Group
MSFC/SODS
MSFC, Systems Operations Design Section (Astrionics Division)
MSFC/SPEO
MSFC, Saturn Program Engineering Office (Mission Engineering Branch)
MSFC/SSAO
MSFC, Scientific Spacecraft Applications Office (Saturn Systems Office)
MSFC/SSO
MSFC, Saturn Systems Office
MSFC/THMS
MSFC, Technical Handbooks and Manuals Section (Engineering Documentation Branch, Vehicle Systems Division, Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Laboratory)
MSFC/TS
MSFC, Trajectory Section (Flight Mechanics Branch, Mission Planning and Analysis Division, Aero-Astrodynamics Laboratory)
MSFC/VSIO
MSFC, Vehicle Systems Integration Office (Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Division)
MSFC/VTS
MSFC, Vehicle Test Section (Mechanical Systems Analysis Branch, Quality Assurance Division)
NAA
North American Aviation Inc
NAA/SD
NAA, Space Division
NAA/SID
NAA, Space and Information Systems Division
NAR
North American Rockwell Corp
NAR/SD
NAR, Space Division
NASA/ANWG
NASA, Apollo Navigation Working Group (joint MSC-GSFC)
NASA/FCSD
NASA, Flight Crew Support Division (Spacecraft Systems Operations Branch)
NASA/OART
NASA, Office of Advanced Research and Technology
NASA/OART/MAD
NASA/OART, Mission Analysis Division
NASA/OCR
NASA, Office of Congressional Relations
NASA/OMSF
NASA, Office of Manned Space Flight
NASA/OP/HD
NASA, Office of Policy, Historical Division
NASA/OTU
NASA, Office of Technology Utilization
Northrop
Northrop Corp
Northrop/SL
Northrop, Space Laboratories
Northrop/VD
Northrop, Ventura Division
NRAO
National Radio Astronomy Observatory
OSU/MED
Ohio State University, Mechanical Engineering Department
PWA
Pratt & Whitney Aircraft
RAND
RAND Corp
RAND/ED
RAND, Engineering Division
RAND/PD
RAND, Physics Division
Raytheon/SISD
Raytheon Co, Space and Information Systems Division
RCA
Radio Corp of America
RCA/AED
RCA, Astro-Electronics Division
Rocketdyne/J2RP
Rocketdyne Engineering, J-2 Reliability Projects
SAE
Society of Automotive Engineers
SAO
Smithsonian Institution Astrophysical Observatory
STL
Space Technology Laboratories, Inc
TI/SSD
Texas Instruments Inc, Science Services Division
TRW/SG
TRW Systems Group
TRW/STL
TRW, Space Technology Laboratories
UAC
United Aircraft Corp
UAC/HS
United Aircraft Corp, Hamilton Standard Division
UC
Union Carbide Corp
UC/ADD
UC, Advanced Developments Division
USACE/AMS
United States Army Corps of Engineers, Army Map Service
USAEWES
United States Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station
USATEC/YPG
United States Army Test and Evaluation Command, Yuma Proving Ground
USDC/CFSTI
United States Department of Commerce, Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information (Institute for Applied Technology, National Bureau of Standards)
USDoD
United States Department of Defence
USN/BuWeps
United States Navy, Bureau of Naval Weapons
USN/OO
United States Navy, Oceanography Office
Westinghouse/DSC
Westinghouse, Defense and Space Center
Westinghouse/DSC/SOD
Westinghouse/DSC, Systems Operation Division

Project Mercury Launches
Project Mercury Launches
All launches by date:
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
LJ-121 Aug 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plateunsuccessful beach test of LES
Big Joe 19 Sep 1959Big JoeMercury boiler plate
LJ-64 Oct 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plate
LJ-1A4 Nov 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platerepeat of LJ-1
LJ-24 Dec 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platehigh-altitude LES test
LJ-1B21 Jan 1960Little JoeMercury boiler platebeach abort w/rhesus (Miss Sam)
MA-129 Jul 1960AtlasMercury s/c 4launch vehicle failure
LJ-58 Nov 1960Little JoeMercury s/c 3unsuccessful test of LES
MR-121 Nov 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2premature booster cut-off
MR-1A19 Dec 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2suborbital reentry test
MR-23 Jan 1961RedstoneMercury s/c 5suborbital w/chimp (Ham)
MA-221 Feb 1961AtlasMercury s/c 6suborbital test
LJ-5A18 Mar 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14unsuccessful test of LES
MR-BD24 Mar 1961RedstoneLV qualified for manned flight
MA-325 Apr 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8launch vehicle failure
LJ-5B28 Apr 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14successful LES test
MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7Mercury s/c 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8Mercury s/c 11suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
MA-413 Sep 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8orbital test of tracking network
MA-52 Nov 1961AtlasMercury s/c 92 orbits w/chimp (Enos)
MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-DMercury s/c 133 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-DMercury s/c 183 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-DMercury s/c 166 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
MA-915 May 1963Atlas 130-DMercury s/c 2022 orbits; Cooper, "Faith 7"
Manned launches only, by date:
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7Mercury s/c 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8Mercury s/c 11suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-DMercury s/c 133 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-DMercury s/c 183 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-DMercury s/c 166 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
MA-915 May 1963Atlas 130-DMercury s/c 2022 orbits; Cooper, "Faith 7"
By launch vehicle: Big Joe
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
Big Joe 19 Sep 1959Big JoeMercury boiler plate
By launch vehicle: Little Joe
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
LJ-121 Aug 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plateunsuccessful beach test of LES
LJ-1A4 Nov 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platerepeat of LJ-1
LJ-1B21 Jan 1960Little JoeMercury boiler platebeach abort w/rhesus (Miss Sam)
LJ-24 Dec 1959Little JoeMercury boiler platehigh-altitude LES test
LJ-58 Nov 1960Little JoeMercury s/c 3unsuccessful test of LES
LJ-5A18 Mar 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14unsuccessful test of LES
LJ-5B28 Apr 1961Little JoeMercury s/c 14successful LES test
LJ-64 Oct 1959Little JoeMercury boiler plate
By launch vehicle: Atlas
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
MA-129 Jul 1960AtlasMercury s/c 4launch vehicle failure
MA-221 Feb 1961AtlasMercury s/c 6suborbital test
MA-325 Apr 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8launch vehicle failure
MA-413 Sep 1961AtlasMercury s/c 8orbit test of tracking network
MA-52 Nov 1961AtlasMercury s/c 92 orbits w/chimp (Enos)
MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-DMercury s/c 133 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-DMercury s/c 183 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-DMercury s/c 166 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
By launch vehicle: Redstone
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
MR-121 Nov 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2premature booster cut-off
MR-1A19 Dec 1960RedstoneMercury s/c 2suborbital reentry test
MR-23 Jan 1961RedstoneMercury s/c 5suborbital w/chimp (Ham)
MR-BD24 Mar 1961RedstoneLV qualified for manned flight
MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7Mercury s/c 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8Mercury s/c 11suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
Mercury capsule listing and disposition:
PayloadMissionLaunch DateLaunch vehicleRemarks
Mercury s/c 19 May 1960beach abort test
Mercury s/c 2MR-121 Nov 1960Redstonepremature booster cut-off
MR-1A19 Dec 1960Redstonesuborbital reentry test
Mercury s/c 3LJ-58 Nov 1960Little Joeunsuccessful test of LES
Mercury s/c 4MA-129 Jul 1960Atlaslaunch vehicle failure
Mercury s/c 5MR-23 Jan 1961Redstonesuborbital w/chimp (Ham)
Merucry s/c 6MA-221 Feb 1961Atlassuborbital test
Mercury s/c 7MR-35 May 1961Redstone 7suborbital; Shepard, "Freedom 7"
Mercury s/c 8MA-325 Apr 1961Atlaslaunch vehicle failure
MA-413 Sep 1961Atlasorbital test of tracking network
Mercury s/c 9MA-52 Nov 1961Atlas2 orbits w/chimp (Enos)
Merucry s/c 10environmental test, St.Louis
Mercury s/c 11MR-421 Jul 1961Redstone 8suborbital; Grissom, "Liberty Bell 7"
Mercury s/c 12mission cancelled; not delivered
Mercury s/c 13MA-620 Feb 1962Atlas 109-D3 orbits; Glenn, "Friendship 7"
Mercury s/c 14LJ-5A18 Mar 1961Little Joeunsuccessful test of LES
LJ-5B28 Apr 1961Little Joesuccessful LES test
Mercury s/c 15mission cancelled; not delivered
Mercury s/c 16MA-83 Oct 1962Atlas 113-D6 orbits; Schirra, "Sigma 7"
Mercury s/c 17parts support
Mercury s/c 18MA-724 May 1962Atlas 107-D3 orbits; Carpenter, "Aurora 7"
Mercury s/c 19mission cancelled; not delivered
Mercury s/c 20MA-915 May 1963Atlas 130-D22 orbits; Cooper, "Faith 7"

Project Gemini Launches
Project Gemini Launches
All launches by date:
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
GT-18 Apr 1964GLV-1Gemini s/c 1unmanned orbital test of GLV & s/c
GT-219 Jan 1965GLV-2Gemini s/c 2unmanned suborbital reentry test
GT-323 Mar 1965GLV-3Gemini 3Grissom & Young, "Molly Brown"
GT-43 Jun 1965GLV-4Gemini 4McDivitt & White; first EVA
GT-521 Aug 1965GLV-5Gemini 5Cooper & Conrad
GT-6A15 Dec 1965GLV-6Gemini 6Schirra & Stafford
GT-74 Dec 1965GLV-7Gemini 7Borman & Lovell
GT-816 Mar 1966GLV-8Gemini 8Armstrong & Scott
16 Mar 1966TLV-5302GATV-5003Agena target vehicle for GT-8
GT-9A3 Jun 1966GLV-9Gemini 9Stafford & Cernan
1 Jun 1966TLV-5304ATDAdocking target for GT-9A
GT-1018 Jul 1966GLV-10Gemini 10Young & Collins
18 Jul 1966TLV-5305GATV-5005Agena target vehicle for GT-10
GT-1112 Sep 1966GLV-11Gemini 11Conrad & Gordon
12 Sep 1966TLV-5306GATV-5005Agena target vehicle for GT-11
GT-1211 Nov 1966GLV-12Gemini 12Lovell & Aldrin
11 Nov 1966TLV-5307GATV-5001Agena target vehicle for GT-12

Saturn/Apollo Program Launches
Saturn/Apollo Program Launches
Saturn Program Development Launches
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
SA-127 Oct 1961Saturn Idummy second stage
SA-225 Apr 1962Saturn Idummy second stageProject Highwater
SA-316 Nov 1962Saturn Idummy second stageProject Highwater
SA-428 Mar 1963Saturn Idummy second stage
SA-529 Jan 1964Saturn I
SA-628 May 1964Saturn IBP-3
SA-718 Sep 1964Saturn IBP-15Saturn I declared operational
SA-825 May 1965Saturn IBP- ; Pegasus 2
SA-916 Feb 1965Saturn IBP- ; Pegasus 1
SA-1030 Jul 1965Saturn IBP- ; Pegasus 3last Saturn I launch
Apollo Program Launches
MissionLaunch DateLaunch vehiclePayloadRemarks
A-00113 May 1964Little Joe IIBP-12suborbital LES test
A-0028 Dec 1964Little Joe IIBP-23LES test
A-00319 May 1965Little Joe IIBP-22LES test
A-00420 Jan 1966Little Joe IICSM-002LES test
A-101see SA-6 (Saturn development launch)
A-102see SA-7 (Saturn development launch)
AS-20126 Feb 1966SA-201 (Sat IB)CSM-009suborbital test of Apollo heat shield
AS-20225 Aug 1966SA-202 (Sat IB)CSM-011test of Apollo heat shield
AS-2035 Jul 1966SA-203 (Sat IB)no spacecraft
AS-204not launchedSA-204 (Sat IB)CSM-012Apollo 1; CM des by fire 27 Jan 1967
AS-20422 Jan 1968SA-204 (Sat IB)aero fairing; LM-1Apollo 5; unmanned launch with LM
AS-20511 Oct 1968SA-205 (Sat IB)CSM-101Apollo 7; first manned Apollo launch
AS-5019 Nov 1967SA-501 (Sat V)CSM-017, LTA-10RApollo 4
AS-5024 Apr 1968SA-502 (Sat V)CM-020, SM-014, LTA-2RApollo 6
AS-50321 Dec 1968SA-503 (Sat V)CSM-103Apollo 8; first lunar orbital flight
AS-5043 Mar 1969SA-504 (Sat V)CSM-104, LM-3Apollo 9
AS-50518 May 1969SA-505 (Sat V)CSM-106, LM-4Apollo 10
AS-50616 Jul 1969SA-506 (Sat V)CSM-107, LM-5Apollo 11; first lunar landing
AS-50714 Nov 1969SA-507 (Sat V)CSM-108, LM-6Apollo 12
AS-50811 Apr 1970-04SA-508 (Sat V)CSM-109, LM-7Apollo 13
AS-50931 Jan 1971SA-509 (Sat V)CSM-110, LM-8Apollo 14
AS-51026 Jul 1971SA-510 (Sat V)CSM-112, LM-10, LRV-1Apollo 15
AS-51116 Apr 1972SA-511 (Sat V)CSM-113, LM-11, LRV-2Apollo 16
AS-5127 Dec 1972SA-512 (Sat V)CSM-114, LM-12, LRV-3Apollo 17; last lunar landing mission
By Apollo Mission Number:
MissionLaunch VehicleCommand ModuleLunar ModuleLaunch DateRemarks
Apollo 1SA-204CSM-204not launchedAS-204
Sat IBCM destroyed by fire 27 Jan 1967
Apollo 4SA-501CSM-0179 Nov 1967AS-501
Sat V
Apollo 5SA-204aerodynamic fairingLM-122 Jan 1968AS-204
Sat IBunmanned launch
Apollo 6SA-502CSM-0204 Apr 1968AS-502
Sat Vunmanned launch
Apollo 7SA-205CSM-10111 Oct 1968AS-205
Sat IBfirst manned Apollo launch
Apollo 8SA-503CSM-10321 Dec 1968AS-503
Sat Vfirst manned lunar orbital flight
Apollo 9SA-504CSM-104LM-3 "Spider"3 Mar 1969AS-504
Sat V"Gumdrop"
Apollo 10SA-505CSM-106LM-4 "Snoopy"18 May 1969AS-505
Sat V"Charlie Brown"
Apollo 11SA-506CSM-107LM-5 "Eagle"16 Jul 1969AS-506
Sat V"Columbia"first manned lunar landing
Apollo 12SA-507CSM-108LM-6 "Intrepid"14 nov 1969AS-507
Sat V"Yankee Clipper"
Apollo 13SA-508CSM-109LM-7 "Aquarius"11 Apr 1970AS-508
Sat V"Odyssey"landing cancelled due to in-flight explosion
Apollo 14SA-509CSM-110LM-8 "Antares"31 Jan 1971AS-509
Sat V"Kitty Hawk"
Apollo 15SA-510CSM-112LM-10 "Falcon"26 Jul 1971AS-510
Sat V"Endeavour"LRV-1
Apollo 16SA-511CSM-113LM-11 "Orion"16 Apr 1972AS-511
Sat V"Casper"LRV-2
Apollo 17SA-512CSM-114LM-12 "Challenger"7 dec 1972AS-512
Sat V"America:LRV-3last lunar landing mission

Bibliography
Bibliography
Many of the project explanations were compiled from material within the collection itself. Additional reference sources were:
Ezell, Linda Neuman.
NASA Historical Data Book
, Vol. II,
Programs and Projects 1958-1968
. The NASA Historical Series; NASA SP-4012, Vol. II. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1988.
--------.
NASA Historical Data Book
, Vol. III,
Programs and Projects 1969-1978
. The NASA Historical Series; NASA SP-4012, Vol. III. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1988.
Benson, Charles D., and William Barnaby Faherty.
Moonport - A History of Apollo Launch Facilities and Operations
. NASA SP-4202. Washington, DC: NASA, Scientific and Technical Information Office, 1978.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
No restrictions on access
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permission Requests.
Preferred Citation
Bellcomm, Inc Technical Library Collection, Accession XXXX-0093, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
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