Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection
Digitized Content

Collection ID:
Groenhoff, Hans
circa 1930s-1975
Physical Description:
5.27 cubic feet
18 boxes
National Air and Space Museum Archives
The Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection consists of 8 linear feet (4.5 cubic feet) of photographic material. It contains a total of 2630 single items and 343 rolls of film for an approximate total of 14,900 original images. The collection is in good condition with very little deterioration.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The images in the Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection are primarily of American aircraft and were taken from 1933 to 1967. Most were taken while he worked under contract for aircraft manufacturers shooting publicity photography. Some of the represented manufacturers are Curtiss, Piper, Beech, Grumman, and Aeronca. Groenhoff also took many images of gliders during soaring and gliding contests in Elmira, New York.
This collection consists of Groenhoff's collection of aviation negatives, contact sheets and transparencies, spanning his entire photography career, and includes the following subjects: military and civilian aircraft; military events; glider and sailplane activities; air shows and races; and aerial images.

This collection is organized into five series:
Series I: Hans Groenhoff A (HGA). HGA contains 6 rolls of 35mm black and white film and one roll of color transparency film (unmounted slide film).
Series II: Hans Groenhoff (HGB). HGB contains 723 120mm black and white negative, 207 120mm color transparencies, and 35 color slides that are duplicates of images in this section.
Series III: Hans Groenhoff (HGC). HGC contains 1700 original 4x5 inch color transparencies, many of which have color negative and black and white negative copies filed after their associated originals in the boxes.
Series IV: Hans Groenhoff (HGD). HGD contains 322 rolls of 35mm black and white roll film.
Series V: Copies. Copies contains 8x10 color negatives for four Groenhoff covers from
Popular Aviation
as well as copy prints, negatives and 35mm slides of materials found elsewhere in the collection.
The images in Series I and II were taken in the Bahamas and other locations in the Caribbean during the latter part of Groenhoff's career. The remainder of the collection relates to various aviation topics. The images in HGC and HGD are cataloged in the NASM photographic database. Every HGC 4x5 image and every piece of HGD roll film has an entry in the NASM image database. Each database record contains the image's subject, Groenhoff image number, format and condition information, and NASM caption. Researchers may wish to contact the Archives Division in order to obtain access to the information contained in this database. Limited access to the database can be provided to researchers in our Reading Rooms, and written queries will be answered. In addition there is a written index of HGD at the beginning of that series.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Hans Herman Hugo Ernest Wilhelm von Groenhoff (1906-1985) was an aviation photographer. He was born in Hamburg, Germany, to a Lutheran minister and his wife on October 15, 1906. He attended law school in Germany briefly prior to leaving for the United States in 1927. He married Freda Groenhoff in 1928 and became a naturalized American citizen in 1936. Hans Groenhoff followed in his brother Gunther's professional footsteps by learning to fly. He did so at Bendix Field in New Jersey and at Flushing Airport in New York. His professional life was spent as an aviation photographer, writer, editor, and correspondent. Hans Groenhoff was most well known for his aviation photography that appeared in such publications as
National Geographic
, and the
Saturday Evening Post
, as well as those included in
Flying and Popular Aviation
Air Trails Pictorial
Sportsman Pilot
, and
Aero Digest
. Groenhoff spent most of his career in the New York area. He later lived and worked in Florida. His last major photography contract was with the Bahamas Ministry of Tourism, which led him all over the Caribbean and then to Europe to promote the Bahamas as a tourist destination. Hans Groenhoff's aviation photography career is documented in the book
Focus on Flight: The Aviation Photography of Hans Groenhoff
by E. T. Woodridge (Smithsonian Institution, 1985).

Processing Information
Arranged and described by Kristine L. Kaske-Martin, 2005.
Encoded by Rihoko Ueno, January 2012.
Kristine L. Kaske-Martin
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Hans Groenhoff, Purchase, 1962, 1984, XXXX-0359, NASM

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Conditions Governing Access note
No restrictions on access
Preferred Citation
Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection, Acc. XXXX-0359, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.

Custodial History
Custodial History
The Hans Groenhoff Photographic Collection was a gift to the National Air and Space Museum. The copyright to the images in the collection has been transferred to the Museum. Additional collection items were obtained for the Smithsonian in 1984. Upon donation in 1962, the collection was held in the Museum's Aeronautics Division. In 1985, curator E.T. Wooldridge and the Museum staff produced an exhibit of Groenhoff's work. That same year, Wooldridge's book,
Focus on Flight
, was published. The collection was then transferred to the Archives Division, where it is now housed. The collection has been transferred from acidic paper jackets to mylar enclosers and acid free boxes.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics, Commercial -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aerial photography Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aerial Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aeronautics, Military Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Groenhoff, Hans Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Air and Space Museum Archives
14390 Air & Space Museum Parkway
Chantilly, VA 20151