Guide to the Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records
NMAH.AC.0001

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0001
Creators:
Parke, Davis Company.
Dates:
1902-1950
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
179 cubic feet
177 boxes
Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Includes engineer's files of equipment used in the Detroit plant; blueprints and linen drawings of the Detroit plant, including building floor layouts, equipment & placement, and computer readouts of the linen drawings; plant operating manuals from the Detroit factory; incomplete sets of the "Parke-Davis Review" and "Parke-Davis Notes"; photographs of the Detroit plant, laboratory, and manufacturing equipment; lantern slides of the Parke-Davis biological laboratory; trademark file, listing product name, registration numbers and dates; product catalogues; the book, Scientific Contributions from the Laboratories, 1866-1966; pocket lab book used by Parke-Davis researchers in their experiments as presented in the research files listed next;
Bound drug research files (1902-1940s) at Parke-Davis in their Detroit labs, including external and internal correspondence; reprints in loose-leaf binders of articles based on this research; and a card file of these researchers by name and dates.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Divided into six series:
Series 1: Joint Research Notebooks
Series 2: Individual Laboratory Notebooks
Series 3: Miscellaneous Reports and manuals
Series 4: Reprints
Series 5: Pocket Laboratory Notebooks
Series 6: Drawings
Series 7: Addendum

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Company founded by Dr. Samuel P. Duffield, physician and pharmacist. Partnership of Duffield and Harvey C. Parke formed 1866. George S. Davis third partner, 1867. Duffield withdrew 1869. Name Parke, Davis & Company adopted 1871; incorporated 1875. Company first showed profit 1876, first dividend paid to shareholders 1878; dividends paid until mid-1960s. Research was a major activity. Due to weakening financial position, company susceptible to take-over, purchased by Warner-Lambert early 1970s.
The business was started by Dr. Samuel P. Duffield, a physician and pharmacist. In 1866 the partnership of Dr. Duffield and Hervey C. Parke was formed. In 1867 a third partner, George S. Davis, was found. Dr. Duffield withdrew in 1869. In 1871 the company adopted the name Parke, Davis & Company. In 1875 the company was incorporated. In 1876 the company's books finally showed a profit. In 1878, the first dividend was paid to shareholders. Parke Davis paid dividends each year until the Mid 1960's. Research was a major activity of the company with many achievements to its credit. However, due to a weakening in Parke Davis's financial position, the company became susceptible to a take over and was purchased in the early 1970's by Warner Lambert, a company looking to diversify its interests.
Included are engineers files of equipment used in the Detroit plant; blueprints and linen drawings of the Detroit plant, including building floor layouts, equipment & placement, and computer readouts of the linen drawings; plant operating manuals from the Detroit factory; incomplete sets of the "Parke Davis Review" and "Parke Davis Notes"; (*) Photographs of the Detroit plant, laboratory, and manufacturing equipment; (*) lantern slides of the Parke Davis biological laboratory; (*) trade mark file, listing the product's name and registration numbers and dates; product catalogues; the book, Scientific Contributions from the Laboratories, 1866 1966; pocket lab books used by Parke Davis researchers in their experiments as presented in the research files listed next; Bound drug research files from 1902 to the 1940's at Parke Davis in their labs in Detroit, including external and internal correspondence; reprints in loose leaf binders of articles based on this research; and a card file of these researchers by name and dates.

Administration
Processing Information note
Collection processed by Robert S. Harding, 1983; revised by Donald J. Perna Jr., 2/2/94; revised Alison Oswald, archivist, 2012.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Robert Harding
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
The initial collection of approximately 185 cubic feet was donated by the Warner-Lambert Company, through Jerry A. Weisbach, Vice-President on February 3, 1982.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Parke, Davis Research Laboratory Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Use note
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Conditions Governing Access note
Collection is open for research.
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note
The majority of the collection (177 boxes) are located off-site and special arrangements required for access. Please contact the Archives Center at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3726 for more details.

Accruals note
Accruals note
Approximately .15 cubic feet of archival material (portfolio of prints) illustrating the history of pharmacology published by Parke, Davis was transferred to the Archives Center on September 24, 2014.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Transferred from the Division of Medical Sciences in December 1982.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Inventory available.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Davis, George S. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Duffield, Samuel P., Dr. (physician, pharmacist) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical Sciences, Division of, NMAH, SI. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Parke, Harvey Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Blueprints--20th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drugs--1900-1950 Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lantern slides--1900-1950 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical scientists--1900-1950 Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Notebooks--1900-1950 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pharmaceutical industry--1900-1950 Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pharmacology--1900-1950 Subject Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
Phone: 202-633-3270
archivescenter@si.edu