Guide to the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mining
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Mining

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Mining
Creators:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969
Dates:
circa 1836-1980
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
2.37 cubic feet
consisting of 5 boxes, 1 folder, 4 oversized folders, 1 map case folder.
Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Mining
forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
This subject category-Mining consists of material related to the mining industry from the nineteeth and twentieth centuries. The documents span the period circa 1836-1980, but the majority of the materials date from circa 1870-1915. The overwhelming majority of this collection of material relates to mining businesses and related industries in North America, and particularly in the states and territories of the American Southwest (California, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico). The collection consists of company correspondence, reports, and other matter; trade literature; investment prospectuses (for individual companies, for brokerage firms specializing in the mining industry, and for particular resources and locations, i.e., Canadian uranium or Coloradan gold); brochures advertising mining, milling, and smelting equipment, or promoting chemical processing techniques for mined materials; tool catalogs; stock certificates; blank forms for professional association membership; subscription blanks for professional journals; articles of incorporation, legislative charters, and other official papers; journal, magazine, and newspaper articles related to mining activity; photographs, stereographs, postcards, and business cards; and one map. Topics covered by the collection include prospecting; financial outlook and economics of the mining industry; working conditions in mines; the nature of mining activity; technological advances in tunneling, drilling, pumping, and refining techniques and equipment; business culture of the late 19th and early 20th centuries; and the social life of mining people. Mined resources covered by the documents in the collection include gold, silver, copper, lead, nickel, uranium, cobalt, zinc, coal, and various forms of stone, sand, and gravel.
Mining company records is the largest series in the Mining collection and the majority of the materials date from circa 1870-1915. Most of the companies represented operated in North America; there are a few companies included which operated in other parts of the world. The documents are primarily promotional material intended to attract investment: brochures, prospectuses, annual reports, and forms for stock subscription. Also included, for some companies, are business correspondence, blank stock certificates, business cards, press releases. Mined resources covered by the documents in the series include gold, silver, copper, lead, nickel, uranium, cobalt, zinc, coal, and various forms of stone, sand, and gravel. The material is arranged in alphabetical order by company name.
Mining equipment and processing companies represent companies and individuals engaged in the production and development of equipment for mining, as well as techniques for processing the extracted material. The majority of the materials date from circa 1880-1905. Most of the companies represented are American. The material is, as in series one, largely of a promotional nature: advertising brochures, fliers, and handouts for specific types of machinery or equipment; reports on new chemical processing techniques. There are also selected pieces of correspondence related to equipment orders, as well as tool catalogs and blank order forms. The material is arranged in alphabetical order by company name.
Mining locations is region-based. Materials are generally of a promotional nature, intended to encourage people to move to the area or to invest in companies working in the area. The places covered are mostly in the United States, but a few foreign regions are represented. The majority of the material consists of brochures or small booklets detailing a particular region’s mining activity, or particular types of mining in an area. The material arranged in alphabetical order by name of mines.
Mining Brokers & Investment Companies contains material produced by brokerage firms and other companies specializing in investment in the mining industry. These are largely companies headquartered in Eastern cities, offering investment opportunities in operations in the American West, Canada, and Mexico. Most of the documents date from the turn of the twentieth century. The material consists of brochures, forms, order blanks, testimonial letters. Some of the companies represented focus of particular species of mining (gold, cobalt, uranium), while others offer investment possibilities in many different types of mining. The material is arranged in alphabetical order by company name.
Mining Organizations and Institutions includes the American Institute of Mining Engineers. Also covered are mining schools and professional congresses devoted to mining activity. The material consists of subscription forms, membership requests, reports, and articles on various topics. It is arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the organization.
General Mining Material consists of a wide variety of general material related to mining such as mining certificates; copies of legislation related to mining; mining reference information; and postcards, photographs, and other images of mines, mining activity, or mining towns. The material is arranged in alphabetical order by subject.
Mining Publications is divided into three subseries. Subseries one consists of individual articles on mining-related topics from general publications and is arranged in alphabetical order by the title of the article . Subseries two contains full or partial issues of journals or magazines related to the mining trade and is arranged in alphabetical order by the name of the publication. Subseries three is a single folder consisting of random, mining-related pieces, some fragmentary and incomplete, such as one page from an issue of Mexican Mining Record from 1905. The material is arranged in alphabetical order by title.

Administration
Processing Information note
In 2016, with funding provided by the Smithsonian Institution’s Collections Care and Preservation Fund, the Archives Center at the National Museum of American History implemented the use of minimal level processing standards to increase information about and facilitate access to more of our collections. A large portion of stored material from the original acquisition received minimal level processing, which resulted in additions to this Subject category. This effort included basic arrangement and replacement of non-archival housing for long-term stability, but staples and other fasteners have not all been removed. Revisions to the encoded finding aid were made to reflect the added content in context to the previously processed material.
Minimal level processing and enhancement of the machine-readable finding aid completed by Nicole Blechynden, September 2017.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Vanessa Broussard-Simmons and Nicole Blechynden
Sponsor
Funding for partial processing of the collection was supported by a grant from the Smithsonian Institution's Collections Care and Preservation Fund (CCPF).
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Mining is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw’s death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Mining, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Access note
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Conditions Governing Use note
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Materials in the Archives Center
Materials in the Archives Center
Archives Center Collection of Business Americana (AC0404)

Forms Part Of
Forms Part Of

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
An inventory for Boxes 1-5 and oversize materials is available. Details for additional collection material can be found in the Contents/Container List.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Business ephemera Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ephemera Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
Phone: 202-633-3270
archivescenter@si.edu