Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0285
Creators:
Warshaw, Isadore, d. 1969
Arden, Juliette
Dates:
1884-1950
Languages:
English
English.
Physical Description:
1.4 cubic feet
4 vertical boxes, 1 flat oversize box
Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
This collection includes papers that were important to Henry, Henry B. and Juliette Arden. There is some confusion caused by the names of father and son. Juliette referred to her father as Henry, never as Harry or Henry B. Early patents, granted before his death in 1912 may have been granted to the father. All documents or correspondence later than 1912 obviously relate to the son. There are a number of patents granted by the U.S. and several by Canada, a few perhaps to the father, the others to the son, and one to Juliette for a gas stove broiler. A number of legal documents, originals or copies, relate to efforts by the son to raise funds to manufacture machinery or equipment or to develop engineering ideas such as strengthening levees on the Mississippi, building a ships' canal and a channel tunnel. His correspondence relates to such projects also, there is extensive correspondence with the W.H. de Udy & Co. of Montreal, Canada in reference to the organization of a syndicate to finance the manufacture of steel from iron separated from sands. The sparse correspondence identified with his father is largely personal.
Juliette Arden's correspondence is extensive. It includes many pleas to the rich and/or famous to right the alleged wrongs done to her father in prior years. Her early correspondence is related to a broiler for gas stoves that she invented and had patented, (March 26, 1912 Patent No. 585,734) and a legal suit arising from this. Other early correspondence relates to an unsolicited welfare plan developed for the American Sugar Refining Co. The only extraordinary letter from this early period is one to Queen Mary at Buckingham Palace (November 7, 1915) about Juliette's concern for Paris during World War I. Also included are a number of letters detailing attempts to sell in England an ore reduction process invented by her father. Sir John Beverly Tomlinson of Toronto, Canada and Mr. T.W. Ridley of England were involved in this.
The thirties were evidently years of real or imagined financial hardship. Numerous letters recounting the alleged wrongs done to her father by the unauthorized use of his inventions were addressed to the famous, rich or powerful. A few of these also proffered advice about cures for cancer and other physical problems. Among the people to whom such letters were addressed were Col. Charles Lindbergh, Senators Hiram Johnson, Robert Wagner and Joseph Robinson, Presidents Roosevelt and Coolidge, Col. Howe (an aide to President Roosevelt, Mr. and Mrs. William Vanderbilt, J.P. Morgan, William Randolph Hearst, Pierre du Pont, Henry Ford and Mrs Harry Payne Whitney.
The remainder of the collection consists of miscellaneous notes on a variety of subjects, blue prints of machinery and equipment, a few personal artifacts (theater ticket stubs, invitations, etc.) and family photographs.
4 boxes.

Arrangement
Arrangement
This collection is organized into 8 series.
Series 1: Reports, telegraphs, statements, 1902-1029
Series 2: Legal papers, 1896-1938
Series 3: Correspondence, 1884-1950
Series 4: Notes, 1903-1920
Series 5: Personal artifacts, 1898-1914
Series 6: Price lists, vouchers, invoices, circa 1920s
Series 7: Blueprints, 1905-1929
Series 8: Photographs, 1907-1925

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Henry Arden, a graduate of Cambridge, England, came to the United States in 1867 after a quarrel with his family. He went directly to Cincinnati. Observation during that trip by railroad led to his invention of the Arden Car Elevator for transferring freight from broad gauge to narrow gauge roadbeds. (U.S. Patent No. 77,706, according to Juliette Arden). The idea was developed and used by the railroads but Mr. Arden received no compensation inspite of the patent. The family shortly moved to New York where four children were born. Mr. Arden was admitted to the New York bar in 1890 and became a successful lawyer according to his daughter, Juliette.
Seven years of litigation over the railroads' use of the idea for the Arden Car Elevator resulted in defeat. In 1895 Mr. Arden became ill and moved to California for the climate. Shortly after he invented a "magnetic ore separator". This idea was allegedly stolen by the steel companies according to Juliette Arden who called it "the second great steal". She also claimed that a number of other inventions patented by her father were stolen. Henry Arden died in 1912.
There is no biographical information in the papers about Henry B. Arden and very little about Juliette Arden who signed many of her letters as "trustee" for her father's estate. She seems to have been active in church work both as a volunteer and an employee at least briefly. She wrote and had published privately a manuscript entitled "Cole 200 to 1920" which traces the family name Cole through English history and tried to have published a manuscript entitled "The Lifted Veil". It is evident from the material that Juliette Arden and her brother Henry or Harry were not compatible.
Juliette Arden was interested in preserving good in the late 19th century-early 20th century. She was the director of Girls' Club, director of the Class Department of Dr. Parkhurst's Mission as well as working with the poor. She had a talent for openly supporting persons who were taken advantage of by businesses and other commercial organizations.

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Grace M. Angle and Stella Roberts, volunteers, March 1991, supervised by Archives Center, NMAH staff.
Author
Grace M. Angle and Stella Roberts
Immediate Source of Acquisiton
The collection was donated by Juliette Arden.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Arden Collection, 1884-1950, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research use.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.

Ownership and Custodial History
Ownership and Custodial History
This collection was transfered from the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, September 1987.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Correspondence -- 1950-2000 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographic prints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newspapers Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Legal records Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Inventors Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Family papers -- 20th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Family papers -- 19th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence -- 19th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Blueprints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Business records -- 1880-1950 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Benefactors Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Poverty Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arden, Henry Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Girls' Club. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
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