Boyd Family Papers, 1874-1945
NMAH.AC.0707
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0707
Creators:
Boyd, John C.
Boyd, Walter Willard, Dr.
Carpenter, Josephine
Dates:
1874-1945
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
6 cubic feet
7 boxes
2 motion picture films
Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Papers related to Dr. John C. Boyd's career as a U.S. Navy surgeon, including his commission, names recommended for awards, his casebook for 1874-1877, his correspondence, including two letterpress books, 1895-1902; photographs. Also photographs, especially those by his son, Dr. Walter Willard Boyd, of Dr. Harvey Cushing performing neurosurgical and other operations; two films (1931) of an operation; two scrapbooks, including one outlining an accident and eventual amputation of the leg of Walter Jones Willard (includes letters and sympathy cards).

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
This collection is divided into six series.
Series 1: AWARDS/ COMMISSION, 1917-1920 John C. Boyd's U. S. Naval Surgeon Commission, December 19,1873. In addition, this series includes lists of soldier's names recommended for Distinguished Service Medals, Medals of Honor, Navy Crosses, and Letters of Commendation.
Series 2: CASEBOOK, 1874-1877 John C. Boyd's naval case book, which gives descriptions and charts of the patients Boyd examined. The case book describes his medical procedures for the years 1874-1877.
Series 3: CORRESPONDENCE, January 1895-February 1902 Two letter press books, both authored by John C. Boyd. One contains his personal and business correspondence with other doctors and professionals and a United States Naval Surgeon, and the other contains his correspondence regarding his duties as United States Naval Inspector.
Series 4: PHOTOGRAPHS,1928 - 1939 Framed photograph of AThe departure of the U.S. Navy Fleet from Hampton Roads, Virginia, December 16, 1907 on its cruise around the world." A gift to Walter Boyd, 1939, from his friends at U.S.D.A. London, J.H.E.M. McAndrews. The majority of photographs are of surgery and personal images associated with Harvey Cushing. Walter Boyd took many of these photographs.
Series 5: POSTERS, early 1900's- mid 1940's Posters with images of military personnel.
Series 6: SCRAPBOOKS, 1888-1945 Two scrapbooks. One scrapbook outlines the accident and amputation of Walter Jones Willard's leg, and the subsequent letters and cards of sympathy from friends of the Willard family. The other scrapbook contains newspaper clippings and photographs featuring inventions, ships, Broadway show programs and ticket stubs, and articles on electricity and the military. The scrapbook gives us insight into the period of 1905-1945.
Series 7: FILM, 1931 contains two film reels of Dr. Cushing's 2000th verified brain tumor operation, filmed by Walter Boyd on April 15th, 1931.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Divided into 7 series.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
The Boyd Family Collection consists primarily of correspondence, recruitment and other posters, personal papers, and photographs of a naval surgeon, John C. Boyd, and his son Walter Willard Boyd.
Dr. John C. Boyd was a surgeon and medical inspector for the United States Navy. Included in the collection is Boyd's Naval Commission, December 19, 1873, his Patient Case Book 1874-1877, and a Letterpress book of his correspondence with other professionals and military officials. As a naval inspector, he not only examined patients' conditions, but he also inspected the sanitation of the soldier's quarters and other areas aboard naval ships.
His son, Dr. Walter Willard Boyd, was a photographer of medical surgeries performed by Dr. Harvey Cushing (1869 1939). Cushing was widely known as the greatest neurosurgeon of the 20th century and his school of neuro surgery was world famous. His contributions to neuroscience were numerous and he was also known as a medical historian. Cushing's biography of Sir William Osler won a Pulitzer Prize in 1926. Boyd interned under Cushing and put together an exhibit at the Bent Brigham Hospital's 30th Anniversary Celebration in honor of Dr. Harvey Cushing's contributions to neuroscience. This collection contains photographs taken by Walter Boyd that were displayed at this exhibit. Dr. Richard U. Light (one of Cushing's last residents and also an avid photographer) and Dr. Boyd filmed Dr. Cushing's 2000th verified brain tumor operation on April 15th, 1931. Two films of this operation are included in the collection. In addition, Scrapbook #3 contains photographs of Dr. Cushing performing operations.
Also contained in this collection is a scrapbook outlining the details of a leg accident of Walter Jones Willard. Walter Jones Willard is the son of C.C. Willard, former owner and proprietor of the Ebbitt Hotel and the Willard Hotel, both in Washington, D.C. Walter Jones Willard and his brother Edward were both graduates of Yale University class of 1892 and were members of the prominent Willard family of D.C.

Administration
Processing Information note
Collection processed by Robert Harris and Stephanie Thomas, 2002.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Robert S. Harding & Stephanie Thomas
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
This collection was recorded by the Innovative Lives Program of the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation on May 5, 2000.

Using the Collection
Restrictions on Access
Unrestricted research access on site by appointment.,Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Preferred Citation
Boyd Family Papers, 1874-1945, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Fees for commercial reproduction.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Some material may be public domain due to expired copyright.

Related Archival Materials note
Some materials from the donor were distributed to other NMAH divisions or to other archival repositories.
Princeton University Posters Collection. The Princeton University Library donated this extensive collection of WWI, and WWII materials to the Smithsonian in 1963 and 1967.
Photographic scrapbook #4 of Dr. Cushing's operations can be found at the Cyber Museum of Neurosurgery. It was donated to the American Association of Neurosurgery Archives by Dr. Richard U. Light. http://www.neurosurgery.org/cybermuseum/journal/

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Cushing, Harvey, Dr., 1869-1939 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich, 1849-1936 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Peter Bent Brigham Hospital. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ruth, Babe, 1895-1948 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Willard, Walter Jones Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Amputation Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence--1900-1950 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Greeting cards Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Letterpress copybooks Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medicine Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Museum curators Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nervous system--Surgery Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Neurosurgeons Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Posters--World War, 1914-1918--United States Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scrapbooks--1880-1910 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Surgeons Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sympathy cards Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Navy--20th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
War posters Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1914-1918--Posters--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945--Posters--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
Phone: 202-633-3270
archivescenter@si.edu