Guide to the BMI Archives Confederate Sheet Music Collection
NMAH.AC.1258
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.1258
Creators:
Broadcast Music, Inc.
Dates:
1860-1868
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1 cubic foot
1 box
Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
This collection contains sheet music themed in support of the Confederacy. Many pieces were printed within the Confederate States of America during the Civil War (1861-1865). It also contains one Confederate bond and early twentieth century facsimiles of Confederate broadsides from the Chicago Historical Society.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
Originally titled the Edward M. Cramer Confederate Sheet Music Collection in honor of Cramer, president of the music rights organization BMI from 1968-1987, this collection contains sheet music produced within the Confederate States of America, before and after the Civil War.
Series 1, Sheet Music, 1860-1868, undated
, contains single sheet songs arranged alphabetically by title as well as compilations. The compilations are filed alphabetically under the song title most identified with the Confederacy. For instance, the reel "Molly Gardner" is in a collection of reels entitled
Jerdon's Reels
but found under the title "Molly Gardner".
Series 2, Ephemera, 1863, undated
, contains one Confederate States bond and twentieth century facsimiles from the Chicago Historical Society of a variety of Confederate broadsides.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The collection is arranged into two series.
Series 1, Sheet Music, 1860-1868, undated
Series 2, Ephemera, 1863, undated

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the South used music as propaganda and inspiration to both the Confederate forces and the civilian population. After the war the music conjured up memories of the "Lost Cause" and those unfortunate soldiers who did not return home. Subject matter for songs was wide-ranging and drew from both domestic and military themes. Even though cut off from the music publishing houses of the northern states, the South was very active in publishing music within the boundaries of the Confederacy. Nashville and Memphis, Tennessee were reported to be the most active publishing centers, with the cities of Augusta, Georgia; Columbia, South Carolina; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Mobile, Alabama also publishing sheet music. Much of this music was published on inferior grades of paper, and even though the cover engraving tended to be excellent at the beginning of the war, by war's end the covers were fairly plain and devoid of color or elaborate decoration.

Administration
Processing Information note
Processed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., archives specialist, January 2012; supervised by Vanessa Broussard-Simmons, archivist.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
This collection was donated by Broadcast Music, Incorporated (BMI), 2011.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use note
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Conditions Governing Access note
This collection is open for research use.
Preferred Citation note
BMI Archives Confederate Sheet Music Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note
Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.

Related Archival Materials note
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, 1790-1980s (AC0300)

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
Inventory available.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Cramer, Edward M. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Broadsides Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Civil War, 1861-1865--Communications Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sheet music--19th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
War Between the States, 1861-1865 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C., 20013-7012
Phone: 202-633-3270
archivescenter@si.edu