Melvin R. Gilmore collection of negatives, 1923-1924
NMAI.AC.001.027

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.001.027
Creators:
Gilmore, Melvin R. (Melvin Randolph), 1868-1940
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation.
Dates:
1923-1924
Languages:
No_linguistic_content
Physical Description:
85 acetate negatives
black and white
5 x 7 inches.
Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
This collection contains 85 black-and-white acetate negatives taken by Melvin R. Gilmore in 1923-1924. The images depict scenes of everyday life among the Sahnish (Arikara) Indians of the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
The Melvin R. Gilmore collection consists of acetate negatives made by Gilmore on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in August 1923 and July 1924 on the Fort Berthold Reservation, North Dakota. The negatives depict the Sahnish (Arikara) engaged in agricultural activities, house building, food preparation (cooking and butchering), building and checking fish traps along the Missouri River, and weaving and potting. In addition there are several views of an apparent traditional buffalo drive. Gilmore identified and recorded the names of several individuals, including Mrs. Sitting Bear, Mr. and Mrs. Four Rings, Mrs. Red Tail, and Shteshta-kata.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Arranged by negative numbers (N08694-N08761, N08852, N09412-N09427)

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Melvin R. Gilmore was a noted ethnologist dedicated to the study of the material culture and ethnobotany of Plains Indians. Born in 1868 in Valley, Nebraska, Gilmore graduated from Cotner College in 1903. At Cotner, he taught biology while he completed post-graduate studies at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. In 1909 and 1914, he received a Master's degree and then a doctorate in botany. From 1923 to 1928, Gilmore served on the staff of the Museum of the American Indian and from 1929 to 1939 was the curator of ethnology at the University of Michigan. He authored several books on botany and Native Americans, including his best known "The Use of Plants by Indians of the Missouri River Region."

Administration
Processing Information note
Processed by Heather Shannon, Photo Archivist, in 2012.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Heather Shannon
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Historically, the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation managed all photographic and related manuscript collections separately. This collection description represents current management practices of organizing and contextualizing related archival materials.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use note
Copyright: National Museum of the American Indian.
Preferred Citation note
Melvin R. Gilmore collection of negatives, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide or catalog number).

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Arikara Indians--Fishing--Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arikara Indians--Social life and customs--Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white negatives Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fort Berthold Indian Reservation (N.D.)--Photographs Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--North Dakota Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sahnish (Arikara) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland , Maryland, 20746-2863
Phone: 301.238.1400
nmaiarchives@si.edu