Edward Harvey Davis photograph collection, 1903-1939

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.001.031
Creators:
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862
Dates:
1903-1939
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
770 photographic prints
approximate number
black & white
2,000 negatives (photographic)
approximate number
Repository:
Davis visited the Diegueno and Luiseno in southern California; the Pi-pi (Pais), Kil-e-wah (Cahuilla), and Waicuri of Lower California, Mexico; the Yuma, Cocopah, Pima, Papago, Maricopa, Mojave, Hualapai (Walapai), Yaqui, and White Mountain Apache in Arizona; the Cora, Huichol, Opata, Mayo, and Yaqui of Mexico; the Seri of Tiburon Island; the Chemehuevi of Nevada and California; the Modoc and Klamath Lake Indians in Oregon; and the Paiute in Nevada. His collection contains photographs of Apache, Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochimi, Cochiti Pueblo, Cocopa, Cora, Guaicuruj, Huichol, Kawia, Kiliwa, Kumeyaay (Diegueno), Luiseno, Maricopa, Mayo, Mission, Mohave, Opata, Paipai, Papago (Tohono O'odham), Pima (Akimel O'odham), San Carlos Pueblo, San Manuel, Seri, Ute, Walapai (Hualapai), Yaqui, and Yuma.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Collection arranged by item number.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Artist, photographer, and artefact collector, Edward Harvey Davis was born on June 18, 1862 in New York. He traveled to California in 1884 for health reasons (Bright's disease i.e. actue of chronic nephritis (a kidney disorder)), arriving in 1885, and settled on 320 acres in an area called Mesa Grande, east of San Diego. Later that year he returned to New York to marry, bringing his new bride, Anna May Wells back to California with him. They would eventually have four children. Shortly after settling in California, Davis became interested in the the Kumeyaay (Northern Diguenos), the Mesa Grande Indians indigenous to that area, and spent the remainder of his life collecting artifacts, studying and photographing them. He collected so many items that his ranch house ran out of room for them, necessitating the building of another structure (adobe) to house them. As a result of this interest and care of the Mesa Grande Indians in San Diego County, in 1907, Davis was named a ceremonial chief by the Indians themselves. Originally trained as an artist, Davis first worked as a drafter and architect. Upon his arrival in San Diego in 1885, he fortuitously invested in and profited from the booming real estate industry of the time. Davis became known to George Gustav Heye when Heye initially purchased a collection of Indian artifacts from him for the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in 1915. With the money from the sale of his collection, Davis was able to open a resort lodge called the Powam that same year. His real estate investments and his lodge enabled Davis to finance his fieldwork, most of which he did on his own. In 1916 however, Davis also became an official field collector for the Museum of the American Indian in New York. Sporadically, from 1917 to 1930, Heye contracted Davis to conduct field trips to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Mexico, and Tiburon Island, visiting over two dozen different Indian peoples in the course of his travels. Wherever he went, Davis continued to photograph the Native peoples, but did not consider these photographs to be part of his contract with Heye. Heye later purchased the bulk of Davis's photograph collection. Davis also had sketched objects and landscapes during his travels as a method of preserving what he saw. Davis died in San Bernardino on February 22, 1951. In addition to his photographs, Davis authored several scholarly articles.

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
1965 negatives and 759 prints have been digitized as of July 30, 2009.
Processing Information note
Biographical notes updated by Mimi Games, July 30, 2009
Author
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Purchased;, Edward H. Davis;, 1917 and 1948.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Cochiti Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mohave Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tohono O'Odham Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kamia Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of Mexico -- Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diegueño Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Negatives Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mayo Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Seri Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Apache Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mexico Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Southwest -- Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographic prints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maricopa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Luiseño Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cocopa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Carlos Indian Reservation (Ariz.) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kiliwa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arizona Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Basin -- Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chemehuevi Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yuma Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hualapai Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pima Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- California -- Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Paipai Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cahuilla Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
California Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cora Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Huichol Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Guaicuruj Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- California Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Opata Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yaqui Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Arizona -- Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Akimel O'odham (Pima) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cochimi Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ute Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Museum of the American Indian
4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland 20746-2863
nmaiarchives@si.edu
http://nmai.si.edu/explore/collections/archive/