Frank Gouldsmith Speck photograph collection, 1885-1934

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.001.032
Creators:
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950
Dates:
1885-1934
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1,428 negatives (photographic)
40 photographic prints
black & white
Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
The majority of photographs are of individuals from the various tribes which Speck visited from circa 1914 to 1934. There are also a variety of scenic shots of the areas which he visited. His collection contains photographs of the Abnaki, Accomac, Algonkin, Aracua, Catawba, Cherokee, Chickahominy, Chippewa, Delaware, Eskimo (Naskapi), Huron, Innu (Naskapi), Iroquois, Mahican, Malecite, Mashpee, Mattaponi, Mi'kmaq, Mistassini, Mohegan, Montagnais, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Nehantic, Niantic, Pamunkey, Potomac, Penobscot, Pequot, Powhatan, Rappahannock, Six Nations, Tutelo, Wampanoag, and Wawenock.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
Collection arranged by item number.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Frank Speck made several field trips for George Gustav Heye and the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation between the 1924 and 1932 to the Montagnais and Naskapi in Canada, the Pamunkey and Chickahominy in Virginia, the Eskimo, Naskapi, Mistassini, and Montagnais tribes in Labrador and Greenland. The majority of Speck's fieldwork, however, was done on his own and partially financed by the sale of items collected in the field. Speck also conducted fieldwork in Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, and parts of the American Midwest.Frank Gouldsmith Speck was born on November 8, 1881 in Brooklyn, New York. He studied under the prominent linguist John Dyneley Prince and anthropologist Franz Boas at Columbia University, receiving his BA in 1904 and MA in 1905. He received his Ph.D. in 1908 from the University of Pennsylvania. His doctoral dissertation on the ethnography of the Yuchi became a basis for an article which later appeared in the Handbook of American Indians. That same year Speck became an assistant in the University of Pennsylvania Museum and an instructor in anthropology at the University. He was made assistant professor in 1911, and professor and chairperson of the department in 1925, a position which he held until his death in 1950. Speck was the founder of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society, and was vice-president of the American Anthropological Association from 1945-46. Speck's research concentration was on the Algonkian speaking peoples. Speck studied every aspect of a culture: language, ethnobiology, technology, decorative art, myths, religion, ceremonialism, social organization, and music. Collecting material culture was also an integral part of Speck's fieldwork. His collections can be found in museums around the world, one of which is the National Museum of the American Indian. He is the author of numerous books and articles. Frank G. Speck died February 6, 1950. (A. Irving Hallowell, American Anthropologist, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1951)

Administration
Existence and Location of Copies note
184 negatives and 1 print have been digitized as of July 2003.
Processing Information note
Gayle Yiotis
Author

General note
General note
Presumably all of the photographs were taken by Frank Speck, except one dated 1885 which was taken by Lavernois.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.

Custodial History note
Custodial History note
Speck's photographs were taken during his field trips, several of which were done under contract to George Gustav Heye and the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation; however, it is not known at this time under what conditions Heye acquired the photographs.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Indians of North America -- Maine Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Six Nations Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Northeast Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Micmac Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Negatives Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Maryland Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mashpee Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mattaponi Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mohegan Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Massachusetts Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Malecite Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rappahannock Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographic prints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Canada Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mistassin Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Massachusetts Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mahican Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Delaware Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Powhatan Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Midwest Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maine Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Alaska Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maryland Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Virginia Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Iroquois Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Montagnais Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wawenock Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Narragansett Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- North Carolina Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Innu (Naskapi) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wampanoag Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Huron Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tutelo Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Southeast Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nanticoke Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Virginia Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eskimo (Naskapi) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Abenaki Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Accomac Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Delaware Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nehantic Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pamunkey Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ojibwa Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Niantic Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aracua Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chickahominy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Canada Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Penobscot Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Delaware Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cherokee Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Potomac Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pequot Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Catawba Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
North Carolina Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Algonquin Indians Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Alaska Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland 20746-2863
nmaiarchives@si.edu
URL: