Ralph Aspaas collection, 1905-1960
NMAI.AC.086

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.086
Creators:
Aspaas, Hans
Aspaas, Ralph
Wirt, Emmet
Dates:
1905-1960
bulk 1907-1915
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
26 photographic prints
2 folders
containing personal papers
181 negatives (photographic)
Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
This collection consists of personal papers and photographs dating from circa 1905-1960 and all relating to U.S. Allotting Agent Ralph Aspaas (1876-1939), his family, his travels around the United States southwest, as well as his work on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation (N.M.) and Tohono O'odham (Papago) Reservation (Ariz.). The bulk of the materials in this collection consists of photographs that were shot by Aspaas or his brother Hans Aspaas (1873-1968) and depict the Jicarilla Apache and Tohono O'odham (Papago) communities, circa 1907-1915.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
This collection is organized into two series: 1. Personal papers and 2. Photographs. The photograph series is organized by locale.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Ralph Aspaas served as an Allotting Agent for the United States Indian Service (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs). He was first assigned to the Jicarilla Apache reservation from circa 1907 to 1910 and then to the Tohono O’odham reservation from circa 1912 to 1915. As an Agent, he allotted land within these reservations to individual tribal members and for tribal community use. Born on Oct. 18, 1876, Aspaas married Allie Maud Ward Aspaas (1881-1959) on July 15, 1905. Together they had six children- Ralph Ward Aspaas (1906-1972), Carl Henry Aspaas (1908-1975), Max Herndon Aspaas (1911-1971), Ella Annetta Aspaas (b. 1913), Helen Marie Aspaas (1920-2012), Ruth Louise Aspaas (1922- 1966). By 1920 Ralph was working as a farmer and rancher in La Plata County, Colorado. He died on September 30, 1939 in Colorado.

Administration
Processing Information note
Processed by Emily Moazami, Assistant Head Archivist in 2016.
Separated Materials note
The nitrate negatives are stored at the National Anthropological Archives.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Emily Moazami
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Ralph Aspaas collection was donated to the National Museum of the American Indian in 2006 by Helen Ruth Aspaas.

Bibliography
Bibliography
For more information about Ralph Aspaas' work on the Jicarilla Apache Reservation please refer to the following publication: Greenwald, Emily.
Reconfiguring the Reservation: The Nez Perces, Jicarilla Apaches, and the Dawes Act
. Albuquerque, N.M.: University Of New Mexico Press, 2002.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use note
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Conditions Governing Access
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Preferred Citation note
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Ralph Aspaas collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Aspaas, Allie Ward Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aspaas, Carl Henry Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aspaas, Ella Annetta (Ellannetta) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aspaas, Max Herndon Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aspaas, Ralph Ward Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Aspaas, Ralph Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wirt, Emmet Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arizona Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence--1910-1920 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dulce (N.M.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indian land transfers--Arizona Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indian land transfers--New Mexico Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Arizona--Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--New Mexico--Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Social life and customs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Southwest--Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jicarilla Apache Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jicarilla Indian Reservation (N.M.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Marriage certificates Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Negatives (photographic) Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Mexico Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographic prints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tohono O'odham (Papago) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tohono O’odham Reservation (Ariz.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland , Maryland, 20746-2863
Phone: 301.238.1400
nmaiarchives@si.edu