Fred Harvey Company collection of Carl Moon Southwest photographs, 1905-1914
NMAI.AC.090

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.090
Creators:
Fred Harvey (Firm)
Moon, Carl, 1878-1948
Dates:
1907-1914
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
434 photographs
Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
This collection contains photographs that were commissioned by Fred Harvey Co. and shot by Carl Moon circa 1907-1914. The photographs depict American Indian communities in the southwest including A:shiwi (Zuni), Acoma Pueblo, Diné (Navajo), Hopi, Laguna Pueblo, and Taos Pueblo among many others.

Scope and Contents note
Scope and Contents note
This collection contains 203 glass transparencies, 2 nitrate negatives, and 1 autochrome (plus 228 copy negatives and copy transparencies) that were commissioned by Fred Harvey Co. and shot by Carl moon circa 1905-1914. The photographs depict the southwest American Indian communities of A:shiwi (Zuni), Acoma Pueblo, Dine (Navajo), Havasupai (Coconino), Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo), Laguna Pueblo, Nambe Pueblo, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), San Felipe Pueblo, San Ildefonso Pueblo, Taos Pueblo, Tesuque Pueblo, and White Mountain Apache. Some images were also shot in Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona. The photographs are a mix of portraits, posed action shots, and architecture shots. Some of the photographs appear to have been staged by the photographer. There are a few photographs in this collection that may have been shot by Moon prior to his employment with the Fred Harvey Company.
The copy negatives and transparencies were created by the Museum of the American Indian (NMAI's predecessor museum). There are sometimes multiple copy negatives and copy transparencies per glass plate transparency.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The collection is arranged into 17 series by culture group or location.
Series 1:
A:shiwi (Zuni),
Series 2:
Acoma Pueblo,
Series 3:
Diné (Navajo),
Series 4:
Havasupai (Coconino),
Series 5:
Hopi,
Series 6:
Isleta Pueblo,
Series 7:
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo),
Series 8:
Kewa (Santa Domingo Pueblo),
Series 9:
Laguna Pueblo,
Series 10:
Nambe Pueblo,
Series 11
: Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo),
Series 12:
San Felipe Pueblo,
Series 13:
San Ildefonso Pueblo,
Series 14:
Taos Pueblo,
Series 15:
Tesuque Pueblo,
Series 16:
White Mountain Apache,
Series 17:
Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona
The collection is physically arranged first by collection type (transparencies and negatives) and then in photo numeric order.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Born in 1878 in Wilmington, Ohio, Carl E. Moon (originally spelled Karl) took up photography after serving with the Ohio National Guard. He moved to Albuquerque, N.M. in 1903 and opened a photograph studio where he began photographing American Indians in the U.S. southwest region. After publishing and exhibiting many of his photographs nationally, he was commissioned by the Fred Harvey Company in 1907 to take photographs of American Indian communities in the southwest. The Fred Harvey Company was founded by Frederick Henry Harvey and consisted of a chain of successful gift shops, restaurants, and hotels know as Harvey Houses. Moon photographed individuals in his El Tovar Studio in the Grand Canyon, Ariz. and also traveled to communities in the region including A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Hopi, and Laguna Pueblo, among many others. The Fred Harvey Company used these photographs in their postcards, brochures, and publications for the tourist industry. The Fred Harvey Company also partnered with the Sante Fe Railroad to help generate tourism to the southwest region and Moon became the official photographer for the railroad. Moon also took up drawing and painting and studied with American painter Thomas Moran. Moon stayed with the Fred Harvey Company until 1914.
After Moon left the Fred Harvey Company, he opened a studio in Pasadena, California and continued his career as a photographer and painter. During this period, Moon painted and donated 26 works depicting Southwest American Indians to the Smithsonian Institution (now in the Smithsonian American Art Museum's collection). He also sold 24 oil paintings and 293 photographic prints to Henry E. Huntington that are now part of the Huntington Library in San Marino California. With his wife Grace Purdie Moon, he also produced and illustrated children's books of collected Native American stories and legends. Moon died in San Francisco, Calif. in 1948.

Administration
Processing Information note
Processed by Emily Moazami, Assistant Head Archivist in 2017.
Separated Materials note
Two nitrate negatives are stored at an offsite storage facility.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Emily Moazami
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
Donated to the Museum of the American Indian by the Fred Harvey Company in 1963.

Container
1-15

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Fred Harvey Company collection of Carl Moon Southwest photographs, Box and Photo Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Access
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Conditions Governing Use note
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Conditions Governing Use note
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity.

Related Archival Materials note
The Huntington Library in San Marino California holds a large collection of Carl Moon works, including oil paintings and photographic prints. The University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections also holds photographs shot by Carl Moon and the Smithsonian American Art Museum holds 26 Carl Moon paintings.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
A:shiwi (Zuni) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Acoma Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arizona Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diné (Navajo) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Havasupai Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hopi Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hopi--Shipaulovi Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--Arizona Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America--New Mexico Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Isleta Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Laguna Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Mexico Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Felipe Pueblo (N.M.) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Ildefonso Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Taos Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tesuque Pueblo Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
White Mountain Apache Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center
4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland , Maryland, 20746-2863
Phone: 301.238.1400
nmaiarchives@si.edu