Bruce C. Heezen Papers,
circa 1947-1977

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7464
Creators:
Heezen, Bruce C.
Dates:
circa 1947-1977
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
98.7 cu. ft. (96 record storage boxes) (1 document box) (5 oversize tube boxes) (6 globes)
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
The papers of Bruce C. Heezen primarily document his oceanographic and geological research and his career as a faculty member and scientist at Columbia University. To a lesser extent, they concern his personal affairs. They include incoming and outgoing correspondence with geologists, oceanographers, Columbia University colleagues, publishers and professional organizations; personal correspondence, memorabilia, and records from his college career; files on Heezen's professional activities including meetings, conferences, symposia, and lectures; correspondence, reports, proposals and related materials concerning contracts and grants received by Heezen; manuscripts and reprints of his published and unpublished scientific papers; classroom materials and teaching records; written and audio logs from oceanographic cruises and submersible dives; photographs, 35mm slides, videotapes, and motion pictures from research cruises and dives, including many underwater images; manuscripts, notes, and research materials from his book, The Face of the Deep; and maps of the ocean floor prepared by Heezen and Marie Tharp. Related Heezen material, including data, worksheets and research maps are located at the Library of Congress.

Historical Note
Historical Note
Bruce C. Heezen (1924-1977), oceanographer and geologist, received the B.A. degree from Iowa State University in 1948 and his Ph.D. degree from Columbia University in 1952. Heezen's entire professional career was spent on the geology department faculty of Columbia University and as a scientist at the University's Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory. He was Research Associate, 1955-1957; Senior Research Scientist, 1957-1960; Assistant Professor, 1960-1964; and Associate Professor, 1964-1977. Heezen was also a consultant with the United States Naval Oceanographic Office from 1968 until his death.
Heezen's interest in oceanography began in 1947 when as an undergraduate he was invited to join Maurice W. Ewing's expedition to study the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. His career was marked by constant seagoing voyages and submersible dives to support research on turbidity currents, abyssal plains, continental drift, and other aspects of the ocean floor. He was the author of over 300 scientific papers and several books including The Face of the Deep, with Charles D. Hollister in 1971. With his colleague Marie Tharp, Heezen created many maps and panoramas of the ocean floor. Several of the maps were published in National Geographic magazine. Heezen died in 1977 while working in the submersible NR-1 on the Reykjanes Ridge in the North Atlantic.
Heezen was a member and officer of numerous national and international organizations. He was the recipient of the Henry Bryant Bigelow Medal of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1964; the Cullum Geographic Medal of the American Geographical Society, 1973; and the Gardiner Greene Hubbard Medal of the National Geographic Society, awarded posthumously in 1978.

Notes
Personal Papers

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7464, Bruce C. Heezen Papers

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Heezen, Bruce C. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ewing, W. Maurice (William Maurice), 1906-1974 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hollister, C. D. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tharp, Marie Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Iowa State University Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Columbia University Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Naval Oceanographic Office Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Geological Society Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Geographic Society (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
The Face of the Deep (Monograph : 1971) Title Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National geographic magazine Title Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oceanography Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oceanographers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Submarine geology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Geologists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oceanographic submersibles Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Turbidity currents Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Abyssal zone Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Continental drift Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ocean bottom Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ocean -- Maps Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Geology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mid-Atlantic Ridge Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reykjanes Ridge Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
North Atlantic Ocean Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Audiotapes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maps Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Motion pictures (visual works) Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Videotapes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Artifacts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Color photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white transparencies Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white negatives Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Microfilms Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Books Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Color transparencies Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Color negatives Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu