Oral history interviews with S. Stillman Berry,
1980-1982
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9526
Creators:
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984. interviewee
Dates:
1980-1982
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
3 audiotapes (reference copies). 6 digital .mp3 files (reference copies).
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or student on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
The S. Stillman Berry interview was donated to the Oral History Collection because of his long career and contributions to the field of American malacology.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
S. Stillman Berry was interviewed by Donald R. Shasky, a physician and shell collector, because of his long career and contributions to the field of American malacology. Interviews cover his work at Scripps, reminiscences of colleagues, and development of his private library. These complement the S. Stillman Berry Papers which are also located in the Smithsonian Institution Archives. Berry's cephalopod collection is now housed in the National Museum of Natural History, along with selected publications from his library.

Historical Note
Historical Note
S. Stillman Berry (1887-1984), was a private researcher working in both malacology and horticulture. He received the B.A. in biology from Stanford University in 1909, the M.A. from Harvard University in 1910, and the Ph.D. from Stanford in 1913. While at Harvard he began his research in cephalopods; he continued work on that subject at Stanford under Harold Heath, where he wrote his dissertation on cephalopods of western North America.
After receiving the Ph.D., Berry accepted a position at the Scripps Institution of Biological Research as Librarian, where he developed the Institution's library collection. This was to be his only paid professional position in the sciences, and he remained at Scripps until 1919.
Following his father's death in 1917, Berry became corporate president of his family's ranch in Montana, but remained in Redlands, California, to continue his career as an independent researcher. He privately published a journal,
Leaflets in Malacology
. In that publication, as well as several others, he described 401 new taxa of mollusks, mostly from California and the eastern Pacific. In addition to his primary research interests in cephalopods, chitons, and land snails, Berry was an avid horticulturist. He maintained an orange grove and is credited with developing many new varieties of daffodils and irises. A lifelong collector, he amassed a highly significant shell collection, as well as a personal library of important and rare scientific works.
Berry's professional affiliations and honors included appointment as Honorary Member in the Cephalopod International Advisory Council, Life President of the American Malacological Union, and Research Associate at the Smithsonian Institution.

Notes
Oral Histories

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9526, Oral history interviews with S. Stillman Berry

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Berry, S. Stillman (Samuel Stillman), 1887-1984 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Keen, A. Myra (Angeline Myra), 1905-1986 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mann, William M., 1886-1960 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Stearns, Robert E. C. (Robert Edwards Carter), 1827-1909 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shasky, Donald R., interviewer Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scripps Institution of Biological Research Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zoology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oceanography Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Collectors and collecting Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Audiotapes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oral history Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Transcripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at
osiaref@si.edu