Don Wallance collection,
1936-1990
SIL-CH.1991-81-1

Summary
Collection ID:
SIL-CH.1991-81-1
Creators:
Wallance, Don, 1909-1990
Dates:
1936-1990
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
6 cubic feet
Repository:
Smithsonian Libraries
This collection documents Wallance's career from his enrollment in the Design Laboratory School in 1936 to his death in 1990.Included are his designs for tableware, furniture, and household accessories, as well as material on his research and writings. This collection consists of sketches, drawings, photographs, correspondence, and reference materials, in addition to publicity and promotional materials. Extensive documentation exists on Wallance's pioneering designs for stainless steel flatware for H. E. Lauffer Company and his experimental furniture for the U.S. Army, Philharmonic Hall at Lincoln Center, and the Hard Manufacturing Company. Thorough documentation of his research for his landmark book, "Shaping America's Products," is included. The collection also contains a substantial amount of information on the Design Laboratory School, the first industrial design school in the United States to be patterned after the Bauhaus.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
This collection is arranged into eight record groups: 1) Industrial Design Projects; 2) "Shaping America's Products"; 3) Other Activities; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Business Records; 6) Biographical Material; 7) Reference Material; and 8) Photographs and Slides. Within each record group, materials are arranged by client, or in lieu of a client, by project name.
Letter size, legal size, and oversized materials, photographs, slides, film, and video are all boxed separately. Where possible, subjects have been cross referenced between the various sizes and types of material.

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Metalworker, furniture and industrial designer. Born New York City, September 26, 1909. Wallance graduated New York University in 1930 with a B.A. in English Literature. He traveled to northern Europe where he was exposed to the International Style in architecture and design. Upon returning to the United States, he went to work in his father's furniture store and saw the need for more inventive designs in retail furnishings. He attended Design Laboratory School in New York City from its inception in 1936 until it closed its doors in 1940.
From 1941-2, Wallance served as the state of Louisiana's technical and design director for the National Youth Administration, established in 1940 by President Roosevelt to help build a young, technically capable work force. During World War II, Wallance designed mass-produced furniture for servicemen's families living abroad for the Office of the Quartermaster General, Washington. He began designing tableware, cutlery, and accessories for H.E. Lauffer in 1951.
Among his most recognizable designs for Lauffer were Design One, a highly sculptural, brushed stainless steel flatware created in 1953, and Design Ten, a colored plastic flatware created in 1978-79. Both designs are now produced by Towle Manufacturing Company. ln addition, Wallance designed auditorium seating in steel and upholstered polyurethane foam for Philharmonic Hall at Lincoln Center in 1964 and hospital furniture in steel and plastics for Hard Manufacturing Company in 1965. Wallance is best known for his book, "Shaping America's Products", 1956, which remains a seminal study of the relationship of craftsmanship to industry.

Location of Other Archival Materials Note
Location of Other Archival Materials Note
Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Applied Arts Department. Approximately 100 items, consisting of models, prototypes, and production pieces of flatware, cutlery, and other items.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Unrestricted research use onsite by appointment. Permission of staff required to photograph materials.

Other Finding Aids note
Other Finding Aids note
71-page Research Guide.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Cooper-Hewitt Design Archive. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Design Laboratory School (New York, N.Y.). Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
H.E. Lauffer Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hard Manuacturing Company. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lincoln Center Theater (New York, N.Y.). Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Youth Administration. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Towle Mfg. Company. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Army. -- Barracks and quarters Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wallance, Don, 1909-1990 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Articles Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Blueprints Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clippings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cookware Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Correspondence Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Design, Industrial--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drawings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Flatware--United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Furniture design--United States--History--20th century Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Furniture designers--United States Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Industrial designers--United States Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Invoices Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Patents Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Press releases Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shaping America's Products Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketches Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Speeches Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Stainless steel tableware Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Libraries
Smithsonian Libraries
P.O. Box 37012
NMAH 1041, MRC 672
Washington, DC, 20013-7012
Phone: (202) 633-3872
AskaLibrarian@si.edu