A Finding Aid to the Emmet Family Papers, 1792-1989, bulk 1851-1989, in the Archives of American Art
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.emmefami
Creators:
Emmet family
Dates:
1792-1989
bulk 1851-1989
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
9.1 Linear feet
Repository:
The Emmet Family papers document the lives and careers of two generations of the Emmet family from New Rochelle, New York and Stockbridge, Massachusetts, whose artistic talents flourished during the later 19th through the mid-20th centuries. The collection dates from 1792 to 1989, with the bulk of the material dating from 1851-1989, and measures 9.1 linear feet. Through biographical material, two diaries, correspondence, writings and notes, exhibition files, business records, printed material, two scrapbooks, artwork, and photographs of family, friends, exhibitions, and artwork, the papers provide both a rich overview and detailed insights into the daily lives, relationships, and careers of many members of the family. The collection focuses in particular on sisters Lydia Field Emmet, Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn, and Rosina Emmet Sherwood, their mother, Julia Colt Pierson Emmet, and their cousin Ellen Gertrude "Bay" Emmet, all noted painters and illustrators.

Scope and Content Note
Scope and Content Note
The Emmet Family papers document the lives and careers of two generations of the Emmet family from New Rochelle, New York and Stockbridge, Massachusetts. The collection dates from 1792 to 1989, with the bulk of the material dating from 1851-1989, and measures 9.1 linear feet. Through biographical material, two diaries, correspondence, writings and notes, exhibition files, business records, printed material, two scrapbooks, artwork, and photographs of family, friends, exhibitions, and artwork, the papers provide both a rich overview and detailed insights into the daily lives, relationships, and careers of many members of the family. The collection focuses in particular on sisters Lydia Field Emmet, Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn, and Rosina Emmet Sherwood, their mother, Julia Colt Pierson Emmet, and their cousin Ellen Gertrude "Bay" Emmet, all noted painters and illustrators, whose artistic talents flourished during the late nineteenth through the mid-twentieth centuries.
Biographical material consists of family trees and family histories; individual biographical accounts, award certificates, and documentation for Julia Colt Pierson Emmet, Rosina Emmet Sherwood, Lydia Field Emmet, Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn, and Wilfrid de Glehn; a diary titled "Sedgemere Diary" containing drawings and entries primarily by Rosina Emmet Sherwood, and a smaller diary which mentions Rosina's son, future playwright Robert Sherwood; a documentary by Nancy B. Doyle on two VHS videocassettes, entitled The Emmets: Portrait of a Family; and artifacts comprising a rear-view optical device and locks of hair from an early nineteenth century generation of the Emmet family.
Correspondence forms the bulk of the collection and illustrates the interaction between members of this large and influential family and their colleagues and friends, offering a wide-ranging view of life in the late nineteenth through the mid-twentieth centuries, and through two World Wars. The series consists of letters between family members, primarily Julia Colt Pierson Emmet and her daughters, as well as cousins Henry James, Ellen "Bay" Emmet Rand, and Rosamond Sherwood, and friends Cecilia Beaux, Louis Bancel LaFarge, Frederick MacMonnies, Lucien Monod, Roger Quilter, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Emily and John Singer-Sargent, Violet Sargent Ormond, and Stanford White. Topics include experiences of the Emmets while studying art in Paris, Rosina's presentation at Queen Victoria's court, Lydia's work at the Columbia Exposition, Jane's marriage to Wilfrid de Glehn and her friendship with John Singer Sargent, portrait painting activities, the troubles of their friend Susy Metcalfe in her marriage to Pablo Casals, and the activities of Rosina's son, playwright Robert Emmet Sherwood, and friends Alfred Lund and Lynn Fontanne.
Writings and notes consist of scattered manuscripts and poems by family members, two notebooks, one identified as belonging to Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn, and typescripts about Wilfrid de Glehn following his death. Also found is a book, Out of Town, written and illustrated by Rosina Emmet Sherwood, and Edna St Vincent Millay's poem "Autum Daybreak" written in Millay's handwriting.
Exhibition files document an exhibition held at the Berkshire Museum/Danforth Museum in Pittsfield/Farmingham, Massachusetts in 1982 entitled The Emmets: A Family of Women Painters, and include two audio cassettes of recordings from the "Art for Lunch" series at the Berkshire Museum discussing the exhibition.
Business records include account books belonging to Lydia Field Emmet and Rosina Emmet Sherwood, both of which document income from artwork and other sources, and expenses; a contract for the reproduction of Lydia Field Emmet's artwork; and a document concerning ownership of property, possibly of Emmet family ancestors.
Printed Material consists of clippings, exhibition announcements and catalogs, and reproductions of artwork by Emmet family members and others.
Two scrapbooks contain a combination of drawings, primarily by Rosina Emmet Sherwood, reproductions of artwork, and photographs.
Artwork includes drawings and sketchbooks by Julia Colt Pierson Emmet, Rosina Emmet Sherwood, Lydia Field Emmet, Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn Ellen Emmet Rand, and other Emmet relatives, illustrating the early development of their talent.
Photographs are of family members, including Julia Colt Pierson Emmet and William Jenkins Emmet, their daughters Lydia Field Emmet, Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn and husband Wilfrid de Glehn, Rosina Emmet Sherwood and husband Arthur Murray Sherwood, and Robert Emmet Sherwood as a young man. Also found are photos of friends Richard Harding Davis, Frederick MacMonnies, and Augustus Saint-Gaudens; a series of photographs of the installation at Arden Galleries, New York (1936) for the exhibition Paintings, Drawings and Sculptures by Five Generations of the Emmet Family; and photographs of artwork by Emmet family members.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The Emmet family papers are arranged as nine series.
  • Series 1: Biographical Material, circa 1855-1988 (0.6 linear feet; Boxes 1, 10, OV 12)
  • Series 2: Correspondence, 1792-1985 (6.2 linear feet; Boxes 1-7)
  • Series 3: Writings and Notes, circa 1870s-1981 (11 folders; Box 7)
  • Series 4: Exhibition Files, 1947-1983 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 7-8)
  • Series 5: Business Records, circa 1799-1945 (7 folders; Box 8)
  • Series 6: Printed Material, 1872-1989 (0.35 linear feet; Boxes 8, 10)
  • Series 7: Scrapbooks, 1870-1890 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 8, 10)
  • Series 8: Artwork, circa 1850-circa 1920 (0.35 linear feet; Boxes 8, 10)
  • Series 9: Photographs, circa 1870s-circa 1950s (1 linear foot; Boxes 8-9, 11)

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
The Emmet family, descended from patriot Thomas Addis Emmet, brother of Irish martyr Robert Emmet, counts many physicians, lawyers, and writers (including cousin Henry James) among its ranks. Although evidence of artistic talent existed in several previous generations, it flourished during the later 19th through the mid-20th centuries in the professional portraiture of sisters Rosina Emmet Sherwood, Lydia Field Emmet, Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn, and their cousin Ellen "Bay" Emmet Rand.
The eldest daughter of Julia Colt Pierson Emmet (1829-1908), herself a talented illustrator who had studied under Daniel Huntington, Rosina "Posie" Emmet (1854-1948) studied under William Merritt Chase at his Tenth Street Studio in New York and under Robert-Fleury at the Academie Julian in Paris. Before her marriage to Arthur Murray Sherwood in 1887, Rosina established a studio in New York and continued to submit illustrations to various publications. During her marriage, she slowed her creative activities, until financial reverses dictated her return to her career around the turn of the 20th century. Her daughter Rosamond Sherwood (1899-1990) was also a portrait painter. Her son, Robert Emmet Sherwood (1896-1955) became a four-time Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright.
Lydia Field Emmet (1866-1952) studied under Collin, Bouguereau, MacMonnies, and Robert-Fleury at the Academie Julian. Upon her return to New York, Lydia continued her studies under Chase, Kenyon Cox, H. Siddons Mowbray, and Robert Reid at the Art Students League, as well as at Chase's Shinnecock Summer School of Art. She established her portrait studio in New York City and began spending summers at Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where she built her home, "Strawberry Hill," in 1905. Best known for her portraits of children, Lydia's subjects were members of the socially prominent families of New York, Boston, and Philadelphia.
The youngest sister, Jane Erin Emmet (1873-1961), also studied with Chase in New York, and in Paris. In 1904, she married British landscape painter Wilfrid Von Glehn, who had visited the United States with his friend John Singer Sargent. (The Von Glehns' surname was changed to De Glehn, in 1919.) Settling in London, Jane continued her painting, befriended many artists and composers, and accompanied her husband and Sargent on several art-related journeys through Europe.
The Emmet sisters' cousin, Ellen Gertrude "Bay" Emmet (1875-1941), studied in New York at the Art Students League and under Frederick MacMonnies in Paris, becoming a National Academician in 1934. She married William Blanchard Rand in 1911 and settled in Salisbury, Connecticut. After the stock market crash of 1929, Bay's portraits of prominent society figures provided most of her family's income.

Administration
Alternative Forms Available
This bulk of the collection was digitized in 2017 and is available on the Archives of American Art's website.
Material lent for microfilming is available on 35mm microfilm reel 4544 at the Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan.
Processing Information
The bulk of the collection was processed by Jean Fitzgerald in 1991 and 1992, and microfilmed on reels 4486 and 4754-4766. Researchers should note that the arrangement on microfilm no longer matches the current arrangement of the digitized collection due to reprocessing in preparation for digitization, which was completed by Stephanie Ashley in 2016 with funding provided by The Walton Family Foundation.
After reprocessing in 2016 the collection was scanned in its entirety in 2017, with funding provided by The Walton Family Foundation.
Separated Materials
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reel 4544) including one scrapbook, compiled by Rosina Emmet Sherwood, consisting of portrait sketches, drawings of her dogs, genre scenes, travel views, and photographs of travels, friends, actors, and the ship "Scythia,". Loaned materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Author
Jean Fitzgerald and Stephanie Ashley
Sponsor
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by The Walton Family Foundation and the Terra Foundation for American Art
Provenance
In 1988-1991, the bulk of the Emmet family papers were donated by Rosamond Sherwood, daughter of Rosina Emmet Sherwood (via Katharine Emmet Bramwell of New York), by Rosamond Sherwood's estate (via F. Douglas Cochrane, executor, from Boston), and by Rosamond's nieces, Virginia Sherwood and Julia Shipway. Additionally, one scrapbook was lent for microfilming in 1990 and subsequently donated by Mrs. Earl Maize. Douglas Cochrane then loaned another scrapbook for microfilming (reel 4344) in 1991 which was returned to Mrs. Earl Maize.

Using the Collection
Restrictions on Access
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Ownership and Literary Rights
The Emmet family papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Preferred Citation
Emmet family papers, 1792-1989 (bulk 1851-1989). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Works of art Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Women painters -- New York (State) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painting, American -- New York (State) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Illustrators -- New York (State) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painters -- England -- London Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Playwrights Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scrapbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketchbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Singers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Video recordings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drawings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1914-1918 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diaries Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World War, 1939-1945 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sound recordings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Emmet, Lydia Field, 1866-1952 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Emmet, Robert, 1778-1803 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Emmet, Julia Colt Pierson, 1829-1908 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
De Glehn, Jane Erin Emmet, 1873-1961 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
De Glehn, Wilfrid-Gabriel, 1870-1951 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Morgan, Elizabeth Emmet, d. 1934 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rand, Ellen Emmet, 1875-1941 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
MacMonnies, Frederick William, 1863-1937 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Millay, Edna St. Vincent, 1892-1950 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
James, Henry, 1843-1916 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lunt, Alfred Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fontanne, Lynn Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Casals, Pablo, 1876-1973 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
La Farge, Bancel, 1865-1938 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Beaux, Cecilia, 1855-1942 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Metcalfe, Susy Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Doyle, Nancy Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ormond, Violet Sargent Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Monod, Lucien Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
White, Stanford, 1853-1906 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Berkshire Museum Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Quilter, Roger, 1877-1953 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
World's Columbian Exposition (1893, Chicago, Ill.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sargent, Emily, 1857- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Danforth Museum Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, 1848-1907 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sargent, John Singer, 1856-1925 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sherwood, Rosina Emmet, 1854-1948 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sherwood, Rosamond, 1899- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
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Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C. 20001
https://www.aaa.si.edu/services/questions
https://www.aaa.si.edu/