A Finding Aid to the James Fitzgerald Papers, 1905-1992, in the Archives of American Art

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.fitzjame
Creators:
Fitzgerald, James, 1899-1971
Dates:
1905-1992
Languages:
English
The collection is in English.
Physical Description:
4.6 Linear feet
Repository:
The papers of painter James Fitzgerald measure 4.6 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1992. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence, including fifty-one letters from Rockwell Kent; personal business records; writings; artwork consisting of drawings and 21 sketchbooks; printed material, including a scrapbook of clippings and catalogs; and photographs of Fitzgerald, his family and friends, and his work.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The papers of painter James Fitzgerald measure 4.6 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1992. Found within the papers are biographical materials; personal and business correspondence, including fifty-one letters from Rockwell Kent; personal business records; writings; artwork consisting of drawings and 21 sketchbooks; printed material, including a scrapbook of clippings and catalogs; and photographs of Fitzgerald, his family and friends, and his work.
Biographical materials include certificates, military records, and identification cards and passports. Correspondence is with collectors and friends, including Monhegan residents Anne and Edgar Hubert, Grace Sullivan, and Rockwell Kent. Personal business records include banking, tax, and estate records. Writings consist of Fitzgerald's notebook and notes, essays and recollections of Fitzgerald by friends, and Calvin Hennig's notes on a 1984 posthumous exhibition catalog.
There are loose drawings and 21 sketchbooks of Fitzgerald's artwork. Printed material includes clippings, a clippings scrapbook, exhibition catalogs, and a five-minute video recording describing the holdings of Anne and Edgar Hubert's Fitzgerald art collection. Photographs are of Fitzgerald, his friends and family, residents, travel snapshots, and photographs and slides of his artwork.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged as 7 series.
  • Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1918-1971 (2 folders; Boxes 1, 5)
  • Series 2: Correspondence, 1934-1987 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)
  • Series 3: Personal Business Records, 1948-1972 (0.5 linear feet; Box 2)
  • Series 4: Writings, 1955-1988 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 2-3, 5)
  • Series 5: Artwork, 1930-1969 (1.1 linear feet; Boxes 4-6)
  • Series 6: Printed Material, 1923-1989 (0.2 linear feet; Box 4)
  • Series 7: Photographic Material, 1905-1992 (0.3 linear feet; Box 4)

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Painter James Fitzgerald (1899-1971) lived and worked in Monterey, California and Monhegan, Maine and is known for his watercolors of seascapes, animals, and nature.
Born in Milton, Massachusetts, Fitzgerald studied from 1919 to 1923 at the Massachusetts School of Art and from 1923 to 1924 at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts School with Philip Hale, Leslie P. Thompson, and Edmund C. Tarbell. From 1923 to 1928, Fitzgerald took a break from his art studies to travel, sailing and crewing on fishing ships and freighters on the coasts of northern America. During a trip along the West coast in 1928, his travels brought him to Monterey, California where he established a studio and met and became associated with a group including John Cage, Martha Graham, E. F. Ricketts, and John Steinbeck.
From 1936 to 1942, Fitzgerald taught painting in California, then sold his studio the following year to settle in the artists' colony at Monhegan, Maine, which he had first visited in 1923. From 1944 to 1971, Fitzgerald made annual trips to Mt. Katahdin and also formed friendships with other Monhegan residents, including Rockwell Kent and Anne and Edgar Hubert. Fitzgerald died suddenly on the Irish island of Arranmore Ireland, where he had traveled to paint in 1971.

Administration
Processing Information
The collection was fully processed by Jean Fitzgerald in 1994. A finding aid was prepared by Judy Ng in 2014 with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Author
Judy Ng
Sponsor
Funding for the creation of the finding aid for this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The papers were donated in 1991 by Fitzgerald's literary executors, Anne and Edgar Hubert. Two additional sketchbooks were donated in 2014 by the chairman of the James Fitzgerald Legacy, Robert L. Stahl.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
James Fitzgerald papers, 1905-1992. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Conditions Governing Access
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Conditions Governing Use
The James Fitzgerald papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Slides (photographs) Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketchbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drawings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Monhegan Island (Me.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scrapbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Marine painters -- California -- Monterey Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Marine painters -- Maine -- Monhegan Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painters -- California -- Monterey Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painters -- Maine Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Art -- Collectors and collecting Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Artist colonies Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Video recordings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hubert, Edgar, 1909-1994 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hubert, Anne, 1909-2004 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hennig, Calvin Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C. 20001
https://www.aaa.si.edu/services/questions
https://www.aaa.si.edu/