A Finding Aid to the Viktor Schreckengost Papers, 1933-1995, in the Archives of American Art

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.schrvikt
Creators:
Schreckengost, Viktor, 1906-
Dates:
1933-1995
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.7 Linear feet
Repository:
The scattered papers of industrial designer Viktor Schreckengost measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1933 to 1995. Largely, this selection of papers deals with Schreckengost's dinnerware design career, specifically with the American Limoges pottery firm of Sebring, Ohio. Found is correspondence with the American Limoges China Company and the Crockery and Glass Journal; printed materials featuring his designs; a photo of Schreckengost and his ceramics; sketches and large-scale renderings of dinnerware; and three VHS videocassettes. One videocassette dates from 1993 and contains an interview of Viktor and Don Schreckengost, a 1994 videocassette concerns the history of Schreckengost's art, and a third tape contains a slide show.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The scattered papers of industrial designer Viktor Schreckengost measure 0.7 linear feet and date from 1933 to 1995. Largely, this selection of papers deals with Schreckengost's dinnerware design career, specifically with the American Limoges pottery firm of Sebring, Ohio. Found is correspondence with the American Limoges China Company and the Crockery and Glass Journal; printed materials featuring his designs; a photo of Schreckengost and his ceramics; sketches and large-scale renderings of dinnerware; and three VHS videocassettes. One videocassette dates from 1993 and contains an interview of Viktor and Don Schreckengost, a 1994 videocassette concerns the history of Schreckengost's art, and a third tape contains a slide show.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Due to the small size of this collection the papers are arranged as one series.
  • Series 1: Viktor Schreckengost papers, 1933-1995 (Box 1-3; 0.7 linear feet)

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Viktor Schreckengost (1906-2008) was an industrial designer, teacher, and sculptor in Cleveland, Ohio.
Schreckengost was born in Sebring, Ohio--a major dinnerware manufacturing community. He began odd jobs at the potteries as a child and created his first dinnerware design while still in high school. After attending the Cleveland School of Art (now Cleveland Institute of Art), he studied in Vienna, Austria under Michael Powolny. Returning to Cleveland, Schreckengost accepted a teaching position at the institute. Also, he worked at Cowan Pottery located in Rocky River, Ohio where he designed the Jazz Bowl commissioned by Eleanor Roosevelt.
Schreckengost remained an instructor at the Cleveland Institute of Art for over seventy years as faculty and professor emeritus and founded the CIA's school of industrial design. He was equally prolific in design and produced a body of work consisting of fine art ceramics, every day kitchen and dinnerware, sculpture, watercolor and industrial designs including a pedal car and a bicycle. At thirty-seven, he enlisted in U.S. Navy and fought in World War II. He designed prosthetics to help his fellow soldiers.
For the American Limoges China Company (Sebring, Ohio) and the Salem China Company (Salem, Ohio), Schreckengost designed dinnerware for the everyday American table. Influenced by the Great Depression, he believed good design did not need to be expensive. Additionally, he created complimentary design lines so that different patterns and styles could be mixed together.
He was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 2006. A lifelong Clevelander, Viktor Schreckengost passed away in Tallahassee, Florida while on vacation in 2008.

Administration
Processing Information
The collection was processed with a finding aid prepared by Jayna Josefson in 2018.
Separated Materials
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel 1078) including three scrapbooks dating from 1929-1949 and photographs from 1929-1954. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Existence and Location of Copies
Materials lent for microfilming are available on 35mm microfilm reel 1078 at the Archives of American Art offices and through interlibrary loan.
Author
Jayna M. Josefson
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Viktor Schreckengost lent material for microfilming in 1975. Chip Nowacek, Executive Director of the Viktor Schreckengost Foundation donated papers in 2006.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate copies requires advance notice.
Preferred Citation
Viktor Schreckengost papers, 1933-1995. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Related Materials
The of bulk Viktor Schreckengost's papers are housed at Cleveland State University, Michael Schwartz Library, Special Collections in Cleveland, Ohio.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ceramicists--Ohio Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ceramic tableware Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Decorative arts Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Industrial designers--Ohio Occupation Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pottery--Ohio Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketches Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Video recordings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Limoges China Co. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C. 20001
https://www.aaa.si.edu/services/questions
https://www.aaa.si.edu/