A Finding Aid to the Bessie Potter Vonnoh Papers, circa 1860-1991 (bulk 1890-1955), in the Archives of American Art
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.vonnbess
Creators:
Vonnoh, Bessie Potter, 1872-1955
Dates:
circa 1860-1991
bulk 1890-1955
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.8 Linear feet
Repository:
The papers of sculptor Bessie Potter Vonnoh measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1860 to 1991, with the bulk of material dating from 1890 to 1955. The scattered papers document the personal life and career of Bessie Potter Vonnoh, and, to a lesser degree, her husband, painter Robert William Vonnoh. Found within the papers are Vonnoh family correspondence, including letters between Bessie and Robert, and professional and personal correspondence, primarily Bessie's. The collection also contains scattered biographical materials, photographs of the Vonnohs, a photograph album, photographs of artwork, clippings, exhibition catalogs, and other printed material.

Scope and Content Note
Scope and Content Note
The papers of sculptor Bessie Potter Vonnoh measure 0.8 linear feet and date from circa 1860 to 1991, with the bulk of material dating from 1890 to 1955. The scattered papers document the personal life and career of Bessie Potter Vonnoh, and, to a lesser degree, her husband, painter Robert William Vonnoh. Found within the papers are Vonnoh family correspondence, including letters between Bessie and Robert, and primarily Bessie's professional and personal correspondence. There is one folder of correspondence of Robert William Vonnoh. Bessie's correspondents include Daniel Chester French, Hamlin Garland, Rupert Hughes, Archer Huntington, Larkin G. Mead, Jean Francois Raffaelli, Cornelia Otis Skinner, and others. Robert's correspondents include Charles M. Carter, Daniel Chester French, William M. R. French, and Charles Vezin. The collection also contains scattered biographical materials, photographs of Bessie Potter Vonnoh and Robert William Vonnoh, a photograph album, photographs of artwork, clippings, exhibition catalogs, and other printed material.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into 4 series:
  • Series 1: Biographical Material, 1922-1955 (Box 1; 5 folders)
  • Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1863-1985 (Box 1; 11 folders)
  • Series 3: Photographs, circa 1860-1950 (Box 1-2; 0.4 linear feet)
  • Series 4: Printed Material, 1901-1991 (Box 2; 9 folders)

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
Bessie Potter Vonnoh (1872-1955) was born in St. Louis, Missouri to Alexander and Mary McKenney Potter. In 1874, after the death of her father, her family moved to Chicago. Also at this time, she suffered from a series of illnesses that she did not recover from until she was ten. In school she enjoyed clay-modeling class and decided at an early age that she wanted to be a sculptor. Beginning in 1890 she studied with Lorado Taft at the Art Institute of Chicago and later became one of his assistants (known as the "White Rabbits") for the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. She was also given her own commission for the Illinois building at the fair. After this success, Vonnoh opened her own studio in Chicago and made plaster figurines of society women, friends, and their children. She visited New York and took her first trip to Paris in 1895, visiting the studios of many eminent sculptors such as Auguste Rodin. Her work was influenced by the American Impressionist movement, depicted in one of her most famous works, Young Mother. This piece was exhibited in the National Sculpture Society exhibition of 1898 and led to several public sculpture commissions.
In 1899 Bessie Potter Vonnoh moved to New York City and married Impressionist painter, Robert William Vonnoh (1858-1933). They lived in New York and maintained a summer home in Lyme, Connecticut. During her career she received many awards for her works at international exhibitions, including two bronze medals at the Paris Exposition in 1900. Other landmark events included a solo exhibition at the Brooklyn Museum in 1913 and membership into the National Academy of Design in 1921 - the first female sculptor accepted as a permanent member. Vonnoh's work was very well received by the public, and in the 1920s she began working on a larger scale, creating large fountains, such as the Frances Hodgson Burnett Memorial Fountain in Central Park, New York, and other decorative garden figures. Robert Vonnoh died in 1933 and, in 1948, she married Dr. Edward Keyes. Bessie Potter Vonnoh died in New York City in 1955 at the age of 82.

Administration
Alternative Forms Available
The papers of Bessie Potter Vonnoh in the Archives of American Art were digitized in
2007
, and total
731
images.
Processing Information
The Bessie Potter Vonnoh papers received a preliminary level of processing in 1996, and were fully processed by Erin Corley in 2006 and digitized in 2007 with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Author
Erin Corley
Sponsor
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Provenance
The collection was donated in 1995 by Lulette Jenness Thompson, a cousin of Bessie Potter Vonnoh.

Using the Collection
Restrictions on Access
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Ownership and Literary Rights
The Bessie Potter Vonnoh papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Preferred Citation
Bessie Potter Vonnoh papers, circa 1860-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Artist couples Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Portrait painters -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Women sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Skinner, Cornelia Otis, 1901- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Vezin, Charles, 1858-1942 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hughes, Rupert, 1872-1956 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Huntington, Archer M., 1870-1955 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mead, Larkin G. (Larkin Goldsmith), 1835-1910 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Raffaëlli, Jean François, 1850-1924 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Carter, Charles M., 1853-1929 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
French, Daniel Chester, 1850-1931 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
French, William M. R. (William Merchant Richardson), 1843-1914 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Vonnoh, Robert William, 1858-1933 Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C. 20001
https://www.aaa.si.edu/services/questions
https://www.aaa.si.edu/