A Finding Aid to the Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams Papers, 1887-1984, in the Archives of American Art
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
AAA.willesth
Creators:
Williams, Esther Baldwin, 1867-1964
Dates:
1887-1984
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
2.1 Linear feet
Repository:
The papers of Boston area painters Esther Baldwin Williams and daughter Esther Williams measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1887 to 1984. The scattered papers of both women include biographical information, personal business records, correspondence, writings and notes, two diaries, four sketchbooks, printed materials, photographs, and one photograph album.

Scope and Content Note
Scope and Content Note
The papers of Boston and New York area painters Esther Baldwin Williams and daughter Esther Williams measure 2.1 linear feet and date from 1887 to 1984. The scattered papers of both women include biographical information, personal business records, correspondence, writings and notes, two diaries, four sketchbooks, printed materials, photographs, and one photograph album.
For clarity, Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams are referred to by their proper names throughout this finding aid.
Biographical information includes a membership card to the Rockport Art Association for Esther Williams and a biographical sketch of Esther Baldwin Williams
Personal business records include receipts for purchases of artwork by Esther Baldwin Williams, banking documents, exhibition entry forms and sales receipts for Esther William's works.
Correspondence includes incoming letters and drafts of outgoing letters. The majority of the correspondence is that of Esther Williams, including a considerable amount of letters to her parents. There are letters to Esther Williams from her friends Louis Eilshemius, Furman J. Finck, and Leon Kroll, and both Grace Horne Galleries and Kraushaar Galleries. Esther Baldwin Williams' correspondence includes personal letters from Maurice Prendergast.
Writings and notes include two diaries kept by Esther Baldwin Williams that date from 1892 until 1902 and cover her life in Paris and later in Boston. Some of the diary pages are illustrated with sketches. The series also includes scattered notes, including Charles Prendergast's Notes on Formula of Ebonizing Technique.
There are four sketchbooks, likely by Esther Baldwin Williams, of pencil and watercolor sketches of cats, babies and children, orchestral scenes, portraits, and architecture.
Scattered printed materials include a copy of Cezanne's Studio given to Esther Baldwin Williams by Maurice Prendergast, a copy of a family history by Nadia Williams, exhibition announcements and catalogs, clippings, and miscellany.
There is one photograph of an unidentified work of art and a circa 1900 family photo album with mostly unidentified photos of babies, children, and family members.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged as 7 series:
  • Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1942-1979 (2 folders; Box 1)
  • Series 2: Personal Business Records, 1893-1966 (9 folders; Box 1)
  • Series 3: Correspondence, 1887-1961 (0.7 linear feet; Boxes 1-2)
  • Series 4: Writings and Notes, 1892-1947 (0.2 linear feet; Box 2)
  • Series 5: Sketchbooks and Sketches, circa 1900 (0.2 linear feet; Boxes 2-3)
  • Series 6: Printed Material, 1883-1984 (0.2 linear feet; Box 3)
  • Series 7: Photographs, circa 1900-circa 1920 (0.3 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
Esther Baldwin Williams (1867-1964) and her daughter Esther Williams (1907-1969) were painters active in Boston, Paris, and New York City.
Esther Baldwin Williams was born Esther Mabel Baldwin on December 11, 1867 to a prominent Boston family of artists. She began her art education under her uncle Joseph Foxcroft Cole and worked with her cousin Adelaide Chase Cole. Adelaide and Esther shared a studio in Greenwich Village in 1888. The two cousins also traveled to Paris in 1877 and 1891 to paint. Esther Baldwin concentrated on portraiture and often painted the women in her social circle.
Esther Baldwin became engaged to Oliver Williams in 1898. They married and moved to 96 Beacon Street in Boston where they raised their children, Oliver, Thomas, and Esther. Around 1900, the Williams met Maurice and Charles Prendergast. Esther became a friend and patron of Maurice and the two shared a studio for some time and exchanged letters. Esther Baldwin continued to work in portraiture, focusing her work on her children and relatives and did not pursue a professional career. In addition to painting, Esther Baldwin and Oliver Williams inspired a passion for music in their children.
Born in 1907, Esther Williams inherited her mother's interest in the arts. Unlike her mother, she desired a professional career as a painter. She first studied at the Museum of Fine Arts School, Boston in 1925 and later went to Paris to study under Andre Lhote. Upon returning to the United States, she moved to New York City and enrolled with the Art Students League. She married Roland Joseph McKinney, director of the Baltimore Museum of Art and the Los Angeles County Museum.
Esther Williams is known for her portraits, paintings of flowers, circus and orchestra scenes, and for her impressionistic style. She was represented by Grace Horne Gallery in the 1930s and switched to Kraushaar Galleries in 1940.
Esther Baldwin Williams died in 1964. Her daughter, Esther Williams died shortly thereafter in 1969.

Administration
Processing Information
The Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers were arranged and microfilmed upon receipt in 1974 and 1985 on reels 917-918, 921, and 3975; these reels are no longer in circulation. In 2012, all accessions were fully merged, processed, and described by Jayna Hanson and digitized with funding provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art.
Existence and Location of Copies
The bulk of the collection was digitized in 2012 and is available on the Archives of American Art's website. Materials which have not been scanned include blank pages, blank versos of photographs, and duplicates. In some cases, publications have had their covers, title pages, and relevant pages scanned.
Author
Jayna M. Hanson
Sponsor
Funding for the processing and digitization of this collection was provided by the Terra Foundation for American Art
Immediate Source of Acquisition note
The Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers were donated in two installments by Peter McKinney, step-son of Esther Williams in 1974 and by Nadia Williams, Esther Baldwin William's daughter-in-law in 1985.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers, 1887-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Restrictions on Access
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Ownership and Literary Rights
The Esther Baldwin Williams and Esther Williams papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.

Related Material
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art are the papers of Esther William's husband Roland Joseph McKinney.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Painting, American Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Massachusetts -- Boston -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Women painters -- Massachusetts Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diaries Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketchbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Painting -- Technique Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sketches Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Art -- Study and teaching -- France -- Paris Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
France -- Paris -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Williams, Esther, 1907-1969 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Prendergast, Maurice Brazil, 1858-1924 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Eilshemius, Louis M. (Louis Michel), 1864-1941 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Finck, Furman J., 1900- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Grace Horne Galleries Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Williams, Nadia, 1910- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kraushaar Galleries Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Prendergast, Charles, 1863-1948 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives of American Art
750 9th Street, NW
Victor Building, Suite 2200
Washington, D.C. 20001
https://www.aaa.si.edu/services/questions
https://www.aaa.si.edu/