Hughes French India Company School Drawings
Portions of this collection are digitized

Summary
Collection ID:
FSA.A1993.10
Creators:
Hughes, Thomas L., Mr.
Dates:
[1840?]
Languages:
Captioned in French
Physical Description:
32 Items
39 x 25 cm.
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
A series of watercolor pictures depicting Tamil men and women of various trades and castes. These ethnographic studies may have been rendered for a French official or merchant as identification aides by a local Indian artist in Pondicherry, as the area was under French control as part of the French Indian Territories during this time. The name "Company School" has been attached to suggest the similarity between these drawings and those typically commissioned by the East India Company, especially during the early 18th century.
The format generally consists of a drawing of an individual with information identifying the subject's caste and the activity depicted. Not all drawings are accompanied by identifying information. It may be notable that, while not all of the male subjects are identified in the above manner, none of the female subjects are identified by caste or activity. The regularity of size and shape and numbering of the sheets would seem to indicate that these drawings may have been used to illustrate a bound monograph. Captions are in French. Several sheets are watermarked "J. Whatman. Balston & Co." with dates 1822-1825.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Organized by subject.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Thomas L. Hughes was a prominent official in the U.S. Department of State and visited India during the 1960s; he also maintained collegiate relations with Chester Bowles, a former U.S. Ambassador to India and an influential advocate for Third World aid programs in Washington.

Administration
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated to Sackler Gallery Study Collection in 1984 by Thomas L. Hughes and moved to the Archives on December 13 and 22, 1993.
Custodial History
Gift of Thomas L. Hughes, 1984-1985

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
FSA A1993.10

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Citation
French India Company School Drawings. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Thomas L. Hughes, 1984-1985.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Drawing, Indic Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tamil (Indic people) Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ethnology -- India Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
India -- Social life and customs -- Pictorial works Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
India -- Description and Travel -- views Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
India -- Union Territory Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Washington, D.C. 20013
AVRreference@si.edu
https://www.freersackler.si.edu/research/archives/