Milo Beach collection, Samuel Bourne Photographs
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
FSA.A2001.05
Creators:
Bourne, Samuel, 1834-1912
Dates:
circa 1870
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1 Print
albumen from wet collodion negative
24 x 29 cm.
1 Print
albumen from wet collodion negative
23 x 29 cm.
1 Print
albumen from wet collodion negative
24 x 29 cm.
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection consists of three photographic prints, mounted on board, by Samuel Bourne: I. Albumen print from wet collodion negative, 24 x 29 cm., circa 1870, signed on the plate with the catalog number 1340. Penciled in the lower right corner "Kutab Minar with the Great Arch and From the West - Delhi". Photo depicts the Qutb Minar at Quwwat al-Islam mosque in Delhi. II. Albumen print from wet collodion negative, 23 x 29 cm., circa 1870. Depicts the Jain temple known as the Court of Indra at the Ellora Caves near Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra. III. Albumen print from wet collodion negative, 24 x 29 cm., circa 1870. Depicts the Bibi Ka Maqbara (Tomb of Rabia Durrani) in Aurangabad.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Organized in one flat box.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Samuel Bourne (1834-1912) had already begun to earn recognition for his work in England, having exhibited at the London International Exhibition of 1862, when he decided to give up his position in a bank and depart for India to work as a professional photographer. He arrived in Calcutta early in 1863, initially setting up a partnership with William Howard. They moved up to Simla, where they established a new studio Howard & Bourne, to be joined in 1864 by Charles Shepherd, to form Howard, Bourne & Shepherd. By 1866, after the departure of Howard, it became Bourne & Shepherd, the name under which the firm continues to operate to this day. Although Bourne only spent 6 years in India, his time there was extremely productive. He undertook three major expeditions in the Himalayas, creating an impressive body of work which combined the highest technical quality and a keen artistic eye, while working under difficult physical conditions. Bourne left India for good in 1870, selling his interest in Bourne & Shepherd shortly thereafter and abandoning commercial photography.
Biographical / Historical
The Qutb Minar in Delhi, India, is the world's tallest brick and stone minaret, standing 72.5 meters high. The structure is one of the earliest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture and was commissioned by India's first Muslim ruler, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, marking the beginning of Muslim rule which would end only with the arrival of the British in the 19th century. Ancient Hindu temples located on the site were torn down and the debris was used in the construction.
Biographical / Historical
The archaeological site known as Ellora is located approximately 19 miles from the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Known for its monumental caves, Ellora is an outstanding example of Indian rock-cut architecture. The 34 "caves" - structures excavated out of the vertical face of the Charanandri hills - are Buddhist, Hindu and Jain rock-cut temples and monasteries, dating from between the 5th century and 10th century.
Biographical / Historical
Bibi Ka Maqbara, which translates as "Tomb of the Lady," is a mausoleum near Aurangabad. Modeled after the Taj Mahal, the Bibi Ka Maqbara was built between 1651 and 1661 by Prince Azam Khan Shah, son of the Mugal Emperor Aurangzeb, in honor his mother Rabia Durani, also known as Dilras Banu Begum.

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
FSA A2001.05

Digital Content

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.

Custodial History
Custodial History
Gift of the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery staff in honor of Milo Cleveland Beach, 2001.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Mausoleums -- India Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kutb Minar (Delhi, India) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Temples -- India Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rock-cut architecture -- India Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ellora Caves (India) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
India Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Albumen prints Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
Washington, D.C. 20013
AVRreference@si.edu
https://www.freersackler.si.edu/research/archives/