National Anthropological Archives

Guide to the Central States Anthropological Society records, 1922-2003

Collection ID:
Nash, Philleo, 1909-1987
Central States Anthropological Society (U.S.)
Zimmerman, Lorraine May
Wolfe, Alvin W. (Alvin William), 1928-
Tax, Sol, 1907-1995
Wheeler-Voegelin, Erminie, 1903-1988
American Anthropological Association. Central States Branch
Sebeok, Thomas A. (Thomas Albert), 1920-2001
Schwartz, Douglas W., 1929-
Silverberg, James Mark
Sellers, Mary
Sahlins, Marshall David
Hart, Charles William Merton
Schnitt, Ivan
Schneider, Harold Kenneth, 1925-1987
Stout, David Bond
Titterington, P.F.
Titiev, Mischa
Spicer, Edward Holland
Smith, Marian W. (Marian Wesley), 1907-1961
Spuhler, James Norman
Spier, Robert Forest Gayton
Wallis, Wilson D. (Wilson Dallam), 1886-1970
Warner, William Lloyd
Watson, James B. (James Bennett), 1918-2009
Weckler, Joseph E. Jr
Useem, John
Vaughan, James Herbert
Vaughan, Wilson Herbert
Wallace, Anthony F. C., 1923-
White, Leslie A., 1900-1975
Whiteford, Andrew Hunter
Whitten, Norman E.
Wittry, Warren L.
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996
Weer, Paul
Weitzner, Bella, 1891?-1988
Angel, J. Lawrence (John Lawrence)
Aginsky, Ethel G.
Aberle, David F. (David Friend), 1918-2004
Bittle, William Elmer
Black, Robert A.
Boggs, Stephen Taylor
Borhegyi, Stephan F.
Bourguignon, Erika Eichhorn
Carlson, Gustav G.
Casagrande, Joseph B. (Joseph Bartholomew), 1915-1982
Champe, John L. (John Leland), 1895-
Christensen, James Boyd
Cobb, W. Montague
Cole, Fay-Cooper
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995
Henry, William E.
Field, Henry
Hoijer, Harry
Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963
Honigsheim, Paul
Holmes, Lowell Don
Jantzen, Carl Raymond
Isaac, Barry Lamont
Jones, Volney H. (Volney Hurt), 1903-1982
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994
Kelley, J. Charles, 1913-1997
Kaplan, Bernice Antoville
Kneberg, Madeline D.
Keyes, Charles Fenton
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996
Kurtz, Ronald Joseph
Haag, William George
Harding, Charles
Hanna, Katherine
Griffin, James B. (James Bennett), 1905-1997
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010
Guthe, Alfred K. (Alfred Kidder), 1920-1983
Griswold, Charles H.
Frantz, Charles
Fox, George R.
Godfrey, William S.
Gallagher, Art
Estel, Leo
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991
Force, Roland W.
Deuel, Thorne, 1890-
Douglas, Frederick Huntington
Dragoo, Don W.
Guthe, Carl E. (Carl Eugen), 1893-1974
Driver, Harold E. (Harold Edson), 1907-1992
Bennett, John William
Culver, Dwight W.
De Pena, Joan Finkle
Despres, Leo Arthur
Bates, Marston
Helm, June, 1924-
Bauxar, J. Joseph
Beardsley, Richard K. (Richard King), 1918-1978
Bee, Robert L.
Baby, Raymond S.
Baerreis, David A., 1916-1989
Barnouw, Victor
Bascom, William Russell, 1912-1981
Lewis, Thomas M. N. (Thomas McDowell Nelson), 1896-
Lily, Eli
Lessa, William Armand
Lewis, Oscar
Laughlin, William Sceva
Lehman, Edward J.
Lange, Charles Henry
Lasker, Gabriel Ward
Meggers, Betty Jane
Melin, Mary
McGregor, Jo
McKern, W. C. (Will Carleton), 1892-
Marriott, McKim
Martin, Paul S. (Paul Sidney), 1899-1974
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich
Mandelbaum, David G.
Neumann, Georg K. (Georg Karl), 1907-1971
Nesbitt, Paul
Nash, Manning
Moss, Leonard Wallace
Morgan, Richard G.
Miner, Horace M.
Merriam, Alan P. (Alan Parkhurst), 1923-1980
Rowe, Chandler William
Robinson, J.T.
Ritzenthaler, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1911-1980
Quimby, George I. (George Irving), 1913-2003
Pilling, Arnold R.
Philips, Jane
Osmundsen, Lita S.
Noon, John A.
Physical Description:
6.67 Linear feet
16 document boxes
This collection consists of the records of the Central States Anthropological Society and documents the activities of its officers. Also included is a manuscript history of the organization.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
These records document the history and activities of the Central States Anthropological Society. Materials include the constitution and by-laws, presidents' files, correspondence of other officers, secretary-treasurer reports, minutes of annual meetings and executive board meetings, manuscripts on the history of the society, publications, annual meeting programs, and photographs from annual meetings.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.

Earlier accretions have been arranged in the following series: (1) History and Administrative Files; (2) Presidents' Files; (3) Secretary-Treasurers' Reports; (4) Minutes of Annual Business Meeting and Executive Board Meeting; (5) Correspondence; (6) Publications; (7) Awards; (8) Manuscripts; (9) Photographs.
Later accretions have not been processed.

Historical Note
Historical Note
The Central States Anthropological Society (CSAS) was established as the Central Section of the American Anthropological Association (AAA), and it has informally been called the Central States Branch. Samuel A. Barrett led the creation of the new organization. The motivation was the difficulty for anthropologists of the central United States to attend AAA meetings, for the AAA had come to convene only in large northeastern or Middle Atlantic cities. The section's stated purpose was to promote "the cause of anthropology by means of a closer fraternization of the central states." "Central states" meant the entire region lying between the Appalachian and Rocky mountains. In fact, however, CSAS has been most successful and influential in the midwestern states.
The AAA approved the organization of the Central Section through a constitutional amendment adopted in December 1921. The section's constitution was adopted at its first meeting in 1922. It provided for two categories of membership—members who belonged to the AAA and associates who belonged to only the section. Both could vote and hold office. The constitution vested governance in an executive council made up of members elected to an executive committee together with the society's officers. The members of the executive committee itself were originally elected by a larger council, but the council was abolished in 1947. Since then the committee has been elected directly by the membership.
The original constitution provided for officers including a president, two vice presidents, a secretary-treasurer, and a corresponding secretary. The section failed to fill the latter office until 1952; and three years later the position was abolished as was the position of secretary-treasurer. Replacing them were two offices, a secretary and a treasurer. In 1957, the two offices were again combined as secretary-treasurer. In 1967, the officers came to include a newsletter editor and, in 1975, a proceedings editor. Both editors sat on the council as nonvoting members. The CSAS created other officers in 1975, including an immediate past president and a "student-liaison person," both of whom took places on the council. Also in 1975, the first vice president was designated to become the next president and the second vice president was designated to succeed the first vice president. (See Appendix A for a list of CSAS presidents.)
The main function of the Central Section has been the annual meeting. During the first few decades, these featured papers by many outstanding midwestern anthropologists. In keeping with the strong regional interest in archeology, the content was heavily archeological. This strong bent continued even after 1935 when many Central Section members joined the newly formed Society for American Archaeology (SAA). Until the 1950s, there was a strong connection between these two organizations, and they held joint meetings for many years. So strong was the connection, in fact, that the Central Section came to doubt its ability to hold a successful meeting on its own and feared that reduction of the archeological content of its programs would lead the archeologists to go off on their own and pull many section members along with them. Not until the SAA began to hold meetings outside the Middle West and the Central Section joined in meetings with other organizations did the Central Section strengthen its sociocultural interest, which has since become dominate. By 1951, the Executive Board of the AAA voted to accept the organization's official name change to Central States Anthropological Society.
A condition of the special relationship with the AAA was support for the American Anthropologist. In return, the AAA provided a service in collecting the regular AAA dues from section members and turning a portion over to the section. This arrangement continued until 1959, when the AAA began to keep its entire dues and collected an additional amount for the section. In 1967, the AAA announced that it could no longer continue to offer such services without compensation. At that point, the CSAS broke the relationship. By 1972, the AAA was again providing the society billing services for a fee. In 1985, the CSAS became a constituent society in the AAA reorganization.
The Central States Branch established its own publication program when, from 1946-1952, it issued a mimeographed newsletter called the Central States Bulletin. In 1966, CSAS began to issue the Central States Anthropological Society Newsletter. In 1973, it also began to publish the Central States Anthropological Society Proceedings, which, in 1978, became Central Issues in Anthropology. Other than for these publications, most reports of and announcements about the organization have appeared in the AAA publications. During the 1950s and 1960s, the CSAS began efforts to promote improved graduate training. In 1953, it began to sponsor a Prize Paper Contest for students. In the 1960s, it surveyed regional graduate education and also explored possibilities for assisting with field training, lectures by visiting foreign anthropologists, and several other programs. In addition, special programs at annual meetings concerned education and teaching. The first of CSAS's two scholarship programs, the Leslie A. White Memorial Fund, was established in 1983 to support research in any subfield of anthropology by "young scholars" ("young," not in chronological years, but in the sense of new to the discipline). In 1989, a second award, the Beth W. Dillingham Memorial Fund, was set up expressly to provide assistance to young scholars who are responsible for the care of dependent children while pursuing anthropological research. Today, the CSAS remains dedicated to fostering anthropological scholarship and professionalism through its meetings and publications.
Further information about the history of CSAS can be found on the official website at
Guide to the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Revised and Enlarged, by James R. Glenn, 1996; with amendments, 2012 by Pamela Effrein Sandstrom.

Jill Fri
Immediate Source of Acquisition
These papers were deposited at the National Anthropological Archives by the Central States Anthropological Society archivists.
Processing Information
Portions of the collection are unprocessed. Contact the repository for more information.
The records of the Central States Anthropological Society (CSAS) were first compiled, organized, and deposited at the National Anthropological Archives by Barry L. Isaac, secretary-treasurer of CSAS in 1975-76 and first archivist for the society. His organizing scheme was retained when the collection was first processed. Subsequent deposits by Pamela Effrein Sandstrom, the second archivist for CSAS, were organized by president. Many of these files, however, were separated and incorporated into Isaac's organization. In 2012, in consultation with Sandstrom, the collection was reorganized into the present 9 series. Cancelled checks and bank statement were also removed from the collection. Computer disks were separated due to preservation concerns.
Processed by Jill Fri (NAA volunteer) and Pamela Effrein Sandstrom (CSAS archivist)
Encoded by Jocelyn Baltz, June 2012

Using the Collection
This collection is stored off-site. Advance notice must be given to view collection.
Conditions Governing Access
Materials relating to CSAS award applicants and selected correspondence from 1976-77 are restricted until 10 years after the death of the correspondents. Computer disks are restricted due to preservation concerns.
Access to the Central States Anthropological Society records requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use
Contact the repository for terms of use.

Related Materials
The records of the American Anthropological Association, the parent association of the Central States Anthropological Society, are held at the National Anthropological Archives.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Anthropology Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Professional associations Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Central States Anthropological Society (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746