Scope and Contents
The papers reflect much of Sheldon's professional life and aspects of his personal life. Although the material consists mainly of photographs, there are also significant amount of other documents such as letters, notes, questionnaires, lectures, announcements, charts, illustrations, and printed materials. The photographs are usually composite front, side, and rear views of nude individuals, male and female, of all ages. The photographic subjects represent hospital patients, patients in mental institutions, college students, prisoners, and others. Many were taken by Sheldon or his assistants. Also included are photographs of child growth studies, including selected cases from the Growth Study of the Institute of Child Development at the University of California at Berkeley and the Gesell Institute in New Haven, Connecticut. There are also photographs made by other researchers in the field of constitutional studies. Most of Sheldon's own photographs and many of the others include information about the subjects such as identification (number or name), date, place, age, height, weight, and the numerical classication following the Sheldon scheme for morphological types. Some photographs have special information about illnesses and other conditions. There are other accompanying notes for some photographs.
For a period following Sheldon's death, his collection was in the custody of Dorothy Paschal, Roland Elderkin, Emil Hartl, and Edward P. Monnelly. Elderkin was a social worker and one of Sheldon's assistants, and he recorded notes concerning some research subjects. He was also the person who assembled and arranged much of the nonphotographic material. Paschal was also one of Sheldon's assistants, who handled many of this administrative matters. She also carried out photography of women. Emil Hartl, a minister and social worker affiliaged with the Morgan Memorial Charles Hayden Goodwill Inn School in Boston, Massachusetts, helped Sheldon in his early studies of delinquent boys. Sheldon regarded these and certain others as collaborators, and he shared authroship of some of his publications with them. Monnelly, a psychiatrist, was a later colleague and follower of Sheldon. Limited material of all four individuals have been incorporated in the papers.
Correspondents include: Alpert, Sherry L. ; Ames, Louise Bates ; Ansley, Hudson ; Bischof, L.J. ; Barnhouse, Ruth ; Beach, Priscilla Alden ; Bowerman, W.G. ; Bradley, Stanley E. ; Brandon, Mary ; Breen, Walter ; Burgess, E.W. ; Butterfield, Victor L. ; Carter, J.E. Lindsay ; Chaplin, Stephen ; Child, Irvin L. ; Clarke, H. Harrison ; Clausen, John A. ; Coffin, Thomas E. ; Cortes, John B. ; Craddick, Ray A. ; Cressman, Luther Sheeleigh ; Damon, Albert ; Dobzhansky, Theodosius ; Dalrymple, Willard ; DeBoer, Lawrence P. ; Darnall, Eric ; Dupertuis, C. Wesley ; Ellenberger, Henri F. ; Eaton, Joseph W. ; Fletcher, Joseph ; Glueck, Eleanor T. ; Haronian, Frank ; Heston, W.E. ; Hoge, Dean R. ; Hopkins, Carl E. ; Howells, W.W. ; Heath, Barbara Honeyman ; Humphreys, Edward J. ; Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963 ; Huxley, Laura ; Ilg, Francis ; Kretschmer, Ernst ; Krogman, Wilton Marion ; Kline, Nathan S. ; Keleman, Stanley ; Kent, Ian ; Inna, Ida ; Lagey, Joseph C. ; Lewis, Ned ; Larson, Leonard A. ; Lindsey, Gardner ; Lo-Piccolo, Joseph ; Louis, Howard P. ; Martin, John B. ; Maslow, Abraham ; Maslow, Bertha ; McCloy, C.H. ; McKusak, Victor A. ; Merriman, J.E. ; Morris, Charles ; Morse, Wayne ; Mumford, Lewis ; Niederman, James Corson ; O'Connor, Lim ; Oka, Seishi ; Olds, Glenn A. ; Olson, E.D. ; Osborne, Richard H. (Richard Hazelet) ; Osmond, Humphrey ; Packard, Vance ; Page, Melvin E. ; Paschal, Guy ; Pearl, Raymond ; Pearson, Tony ; Porter, Ann Humber ; Ross, William D. ; Rogers, Frederick Rand ; Saltus, Carol ; Schlegel, Richard ; Shore, James H. ; Stevens, Didi ; Swengle, E.M. ; Steele, Henry ; Sheldon, Israel ; Stevens, Stanley Smith ; Tanner, James L., 1941- ; Tenney, Ashton Munroe ; Thompson, Warren H. ; Trotter, Francille ; Tucker, William B. ; Walker, Richard N. ; Wallace, Henry A. ; Weitzman, Ellis ; Wyland, Hugh C. ; Yochelson, Samuel ; Elderkin, Roland D. ; Paschal, Dorothy ; Hartl, Emil ; Monnelly, Edward P.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.