General Accounting Office Working Papers Concerning Review of Federal Agencies and Implementation of Archeological Salvage Laws

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.1989-62
Creators:
United States. General Accounting Office
Dates:
1974-1981
Languages:
Undetermined
.
Physical Description:
12 Linear feet
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Included among the materials are transcripts and notes concerning interviews, letters, memoranda, policy statements, planning documents, model and sample forms, agreements concerning archeological work, copies of laws and regulations, budget material, charts, maps, photographs (mainly the New Melones project), archeological publications, newspaper clippings, tables of organizatin, and drats of reports. Generally most of the material is organized into budles, each budle usugally pertaining to general background work with a particular agency or tothe administration of the GAO project.

Arrangement
Arrangement
(1) Headquarters administrative material and draft reports; (2) headquarters bundles; (3) San Franciso office bundles; (4) Denver office bundles; (5) archeological publications concerning California ('grey literature')

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Several pieces of federal legislation concerning archeological sites were adopted during the 1960s and 1970s. These included the Historical Preservation Act of 1966, National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, Archeological and Historical Preservation Act of 1974, and the Archeological Resources Protection Act of 1979. In addition, the president issued Executive Order 11593, dated May 13, 1971, insuring that federal agencies would record, preserve, and maintain cultural materials found on federal lands. In spite of these efforts, growing criticism developed among archeologists that the laws were not working well. A particular problem involved the New Melones Dam in California, a project whose start virtually coincided with the act of 1966. In May 1979, because of growing concern, the chairman of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs requested the General Accounting Office (GAO) to conduct an investigation into whether archeological resources were being adequately protected, how well the lasws were working, where problems existed, and approaches to resolving problems. Requested was a specific report on the New Melones project and, in addition, a report on the general problem.
To carry out the investigation, a team was formed with GAO personnel of the Washington (D.C.), San Francisco, Denver, and Atlanta offices, with each office assigned specific responsibilities. Archeologist Charles R. McGimsey III served as consultant.
Most of the New Melones investigation was carried out of the San Franciso office. The general investigation involved the examination of the operations of historic preservation offices of the states of California, Nevada, Colorado, New Mexico, and Georgia and some state's water and transportation authorities. In addition, insofar as they were involved in archeology, there were exmainations into federal agencies and projects including the Bureau of Land Management, Water and Power Resource Service, Housing and Urban Development, Department of Transportation, Corps of Engineers, Forest Service, Environmental Protection Agency, Soil Conservation Service, Advisory Council on Preservation, Interagency Archeological Service, National Technical Information Service, Tennesse Valley Tellico Porject, and the National Register. Many federal archeologist and leaders of nonfederal archeological organizations were interviewed in connection with this investigation.

Using the Collection
Citation
General Accounting Office Working Papers Concerning Review of Federal Agencies and Implementation of Archeological Salvage Laws, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Use
By agreement with the General Accounting Office, pertinent agencies must give approval before researchers are allowed to examine the documents. Researchers should contact the archives concerning this requiremnt well in advance of a visit.

More Information

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Historical Preservation Act,1966 Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Enviromental Policy Act, 1969 Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Archeological and Historical Preservation Act, 1974 Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Archeological Resource Protection Act, 1979 Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Law -- Antiquities Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Melones -- California -- Antiquities Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Melones -- California -- Archeology Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
McGimsey, Charles R. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/