National Anthropological Archives

Guide to the Waldo Rudolph Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel Papers, 1893-1994, bulk 1930s-1993

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.1990-20
Creators:
Wedel, Mildred Mott
Wedel, Waldo R. (Waldo Rudolph), 1908-1996
Dates:
1893-1994
bulk 1930-1993
Languages:
English
.
Physical Description:
13 Items
2 oversize boxes, 7 printing blocks, and 4 map drawers.
51 Linear feet
115 document boxes, 2 card file boxes, 1 5x6x2.5" box, and 1 record storage box
Repository:

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
While these papers primarily consist of Waldo's archeological work in the field and his many publications, the collection also contains Mildred's correspondence and manuscripts, most of which concern her ethnohistorical and archeological work, conferences in which she participated, and her publications, particularly those on La Harpe. Most of the material dates between 1930 and 1990.
A useful way to consider these materials is to conceptualize them as a continuum from project proposals to funding, into fieldwork materials, and ultimately toward manuscripts and publications. These texts generate reputations in academic and museum circles, in this case, drawing Waldo into various organizations and conferences throughout his career. As he rose through the ranks of the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian, his responsibilities and visibility within the museum also increased. This gradual transformation is reflected in the correspondence, organizational and administrative, and research and field work series. Because these and other facets of Waldo's career both constantly and consistently interfaced, the boundaries between the various series and types of materials contained in this collection are highly permeable. This should be kept in mind when reviewing them.
Among Waldo's correspondence are letters from A.T. Hill, F.M. Setzler, and W.D. Strong. The Organizational and Administrative Material contains material from the Department of Anthropology, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Science Foundation, the River Basin Survey, and Tulumniu research. Also included is material from the 5th through the 44th Plains conferences, as well as material from Society for American Archaeology meetings and seminars. Writings include both published and unpublished works. The published works are mainly those by Waldo, however, there are several publications from Mildred. Many of the publications are articles from journals, such as the American Anthropologist and American Antiquity. Drafts and writing notes of both Waldo and Mildred make up the bulk of the writings series. The Research and Fieldwork Materials contains papers relating to Waldo's fieldwork on the River Basin Surveys, as well as his work in Kansas, Missouri and Michigan. In addition, there is material relating to his expert testimony in claims cases brought by the Missouri and Oto, Pawnee, and Kansa Indians (which also involved Mildred) during the 1940s and 1950s. The series of Photographs consists of lantern slides, prints, and negatives. There are extensive photographs of Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska, including field sites, artifacts, bones and landscape. The Personal series contains a miscellany of Waldo's materials, such as his business card and materials from his days as a study at UC Berkeley. Finally, there are several drawers of site maps, topographic maps, aeronautical maps and county maps of Kansas, Wyoming, South Dakota, and Missouri.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The papers of Waldo Wedel and Mildred Wedel are organized into the following series: Correspondence; Organizational and Administrative Material; Writings; Research and Fieldwork Materials; Personal; Photographs; Printing Blocks; and Maps.

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
Waldo R. Wedel was born in Newton, Kansas in 1908. He grew up in and around Newton with Emil Haury. He graduated from Bethel Academy in 1928 and earned his B.A. at the University of Arizona in 1930. It was at Arizona that Waldo began his development as a field archeologist, working under Dean Cummings and Haury. He continued his education at University of Nebraska, where he was a student of William Duncan Strong, who trained him in Plains archeology and introduced him to the direct historical approach. Through an apprenticeship under Strong, Waldo conducted fieldwork in Signal Butte, Loup River Valley, and in eastern Nebraska during 1930-1933. After earning his M.A. in 1931, he enrolled in the doctoral program at University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1936). During his education at Berkeley, although his chief mentor was Alfred Kroeber, he was strongly influenced by the ecological ideas of geographer Carl Sauer. In the late 1930's, Wedel began to concentrate on a survey of his native Kansas, a region little known archeologically. The Kansas survey began during the field seasons of 1937 and 1938. 1n 1938, he also excavated at a Hopewell site in Platte County, Missouri. In the summer of 1946, Wedel was detailed to establish and direct the Missouri Basin Project (MBP) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys (RBS). He continued as the MBP director until 1950 and was detailed each summer to the MBP headquarters in Lincoln, Nebraska. He also worked at sites in South Dakota, Colorado, and the Texas Panhandle from the 1950s to the 1970s.
Except for early work for the Nebraska Historical Society and Gila Pueblo Foundation, Waldo's institutional affiliation was with the Smithsonian Institution. In 1936, he was appointed assistant curator under Neil M. Judd in the Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum (USNM). He was made associate curator in 1942. During World War II, he was detailed for a brief period to the Military Planning Division of the Quartermaster Corps, charged with analysis of captured foreign material. In 1950, he was named curator of archeology at the USNM. In 1962, he became head curator of the Department of Anthropology, and in 1964-1965, he was acting head of the newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology. He became Senior Archeologist in 1965. In 1977, he retired from what had become the Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History and became curator emeritus. He continued activity with the department until 1990 when he moved to Boulder, Colorado. He died in 1996.
Mildred Mott was born in Marengo, Iowa on September 7, 1912. She was trained in history at the University of Iowa (A.B. 1934) and in anthropology with an emphasis on archeology at the University of Chicago (M.A., 1938). She also attended University of New Mexico Jemez Field School in the summer of 1933. She conducted fieldwork under Ellison Orr at Hill Mound Group (13AM105) and Brazell's Island Bear Effigy Mound (13AM81) in Allamakee County in 1936. In the following year, she worked at the Kincaid site in Illinois. She also assisted Florence Hawley in the University of Chicago Dendrochronology Laboratory (1937-38). In 1938, she served as field director for Charles Keyes' archaeological excavation near Webster City, Iowa.
In 1939, Mildred married Waldo Wedel and afterwards accompanied him on many trips to the field. In addition, she pursued an interest in ethnohistory that she developed in school. In particular, she worked on the ethnohistory of regions where her husband was working, often taking advantage of field seasons to retrace routes of early European explorers. Thus, she carried out intensive work on French explorations in the Plains areas (particularly Jean-Baptiste Bénard, Sieur de la Harpe; Pierre-Charles Le Sueur; Claude-Charles Dutisne; and Jean-Baptiste Teuteau). She also published on Plains Caddoan origins and on the Iowa and the Wichita. In 1978-1979, under contract with the Corps of Engineers, she studied the ethnohistory of a Wichita village and French post at the Deer Creek site, Kay County, Oklahoma.
In 1974, Mildred was appointed a Smithsonian Institution research associate in anthropology. In 1985, she was one of several women honored by the American Anthropological Association for their long-time involvement in anthropology. She died in 1995.
Waldo R. Wedel (see also Appendix A: Fieldwork of Waldo R. Wedel)
1908
Born in Newton, Kansas
1930
B.A. from University of Arizona
1930-1933
Apprenticeship under William Duncan Strong at Signal Butte, Loup River Valley, Nebraska
1931
M. A. from University of Nebraska
1936
Assistant Curator under Neil M. Judd, Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (USNM)
Ph.D. from University of California at Berkeley
1937-1938
Field work in Kansas
1938
Excavation at a Hopewell site in Platte County, Missouri
1939
Married Mildred Mott Wedel
1942
Associate Curator, Division of Archeology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum (USNM)
1946
Established Missouri Basin Project (MBP) of the Bureau of American Ethnology's River Basin Surveys (RBS), serves as Director
1946-1950
Served with Military Planning Division of the Quartermaster Corps
1950
Curator of Archeology, United States National Museum (USNM)
1962
Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology
1964-1965
Acting Head of newly organized Smithsonian Office of Anthropology
1965
Senior Archeologist, Smithsonian Office of Anthropology
1977
Curator Emeritus, retired from Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History
1977-1990
Continued involvement with Department of Anthropology
1990
Moved to Boulder, Colorado
1996
Died
Mildred Mott Wedel
1912
Born in Marengo, Iowa
1933
Attended University of New Mexico Jemez Field School during the summer
1934
A.B. from University of Iowa
1936
Fieldwork under Ellison Orr at Hill Mound Group (13AM105) and Brazell's Island Bear Effigy Mound (13AM81) in Allamakee County
1937
Fieldwork at Kincaid Site in Illinois
Assisted Florence Hawley in the University of Chicago Dendrochronology Laboratory
1938
M.A. from University of Chicago
Field director for Charles Keyes' archaeological excavation near Webster City, Iowa
1939
Married Waldo R. Wedel
1974
Research associate, Department of Anthropology in the National Museum of Natural History
1978-1979
Studied the ethnohistory of a Wichita village and French post at the Deer Creek site, Kay County, Oklahoma
1990
Moved to Boulder, Colorado
1995
Died

Administration
Author
Robert H. McLaughlin
Immediate Source of Acquisition
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel in 1990. Additional materials were donated by their son, Waldo M. Wedel in 2011.
Processing Information
This collection was partially processed in 1993 and 2000. The 2011 accretion was organized by the Wedels' son before being deposited at the National Anthropological Archives. These materials were filed within the existing collection. Whenever possible, original folder titles were retained. Folder titles assigned by the archivist are indicated by square brackets. It is unclear, however, whether the archivist who processed the collection in 1993 followed this protocol.
All of the files were rehoused in acid-free folders. Nitrate negatives from the 1990 deposit were removed and housed in nitrate cabinet #2; those from the more recent accretion were not removed and can be found with the prints, throughout the collection. The initials "WRW" and "MMW" are occasionally used throughout the inventory to distinguish between Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel's materials.
Publications by other people were removed from the collection unless there were significant annotations by Wedel. Most of the books and duplicate articles were donated to the John Wesley Powell Library of Anthropology and to other libraries in various countries. Unannotated commercial maps in the collection were given to the ethnology and archaeology collections of the Department of Anthropology
Separated Materials
The following films were separated from the collection and transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives:
6 reels of 16MM kodachrome film-original reversal 5 reels of Medicine Creek...1947-48 (includes Boysen Camp (1947) and Brule Flat site) 1 reel of Bison Kill (Powder River) Ghost Cave near Billings, MT., 1947
The following artifacts were separated from the collection and transferred to the ethnology and archaeology collections of the Department of Anthropology:
Sherds from Peppiatt-Lyons Metal ice shoe cleats Glass beads

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers are open for research. Personnel files and grant proposals sent to Waldo Wedel to review are restricted. Waldo and Mildred Wedel's monographs are stored at an off-site facility.
Access to the Waldo R. Wedel and Mildred Mott Wedel papers requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use
Contact the repository for terms of use.

Related Materials
Additional correspondence from Waldo Wedel can be found in various collections at the National Anthropological Archives, including the William Duncan Strong papers, Albert Clanton Spaulding papers, Donald Lehmer papers, Frederick Johnson papers, Manuscript 4846, Manuscript 4192, Department of Anthropology records, River Basin Surveys records, Society for American Archaeology records, Central States Anthropological Society records, and Anthropological Society of Washington records. Photographs of Waldo can be found in Photo lot 33, Photo 83-13, Photo 58, Photo Lot 85-12, Manuscript 4261(1), Negative MHT 65124, Negative 728413, and the Source Print Collection. Manuscript 7450 is a recording of Waldo and others giving a talk on the history of anthropology at the Smithsonian. See Manuscript 2011-29 for an oral history interview with Waldo, conducted by Larry Banks.
Correspondence from Mildred can be found in the Robert King Harris papers and the William Duncan Strong papers. Manuscript 7293 is a recording of the Ewers-Wedel symposium, at which Mildred was a speaker.
At the Smithsonian Institution Archives, photos of Waldo can be found in the Kjell Bloch Sandved Photographic Files and the Smithsonian Institution Office of Public Information, Productions records.

More Information
Appendix A: Fieldwork of Waldo R. Wedel
Appendix A: Fieldwork of Waldo R. Wedel
This timeline was created by Waldo R. Wedel in the 1990s.
1929
Place: Arizona (Turkey Hill Pueblo, near Flagstaff)Organizational Affiliation: University of Arizona field party (BC)
1930
Place: Nebraska, eastern and southern (Rock Bluffs, Gates, Dooley, Hill sites)Organizational Affiliation: University of Nebraska field party (WDS)Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1935. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. SMC 93:10.
1931
Place: Nebraska, Loup valley (Burkett, Gray‑Wolfe, Sweetwater sites)Organizational Affiliation: University of Nebraska field party leaderReported in: Dunlevy, M. L. 1936. A Comparison of the Cultural Manifestations of the Burkett (Nance County) and Gray‑Wolfe (Colfax County) sites.Reported in: Chapters in Nebraska Archeology, pp. 147‑247.Reported in: Champe, J. L. 1936. The Sweetwater Culture Complex. Chapters in Nebraska Archeology, pp. 249‑299.
1932
Place: Nebraska (Signal Butte) and South Dakota (Leavenworth)Organizational Affiliation: Bureau of American Ethnology (WDS)Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1935. An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology. SMC 93:10.Reported in: Strong, W. D. 1933. Studying the Arikara and their Neighbors on the Upper Missouri. Explor. and Field­ Work of the Smithsonian Institution in 1932.
1933
Place: Nebraska (Medicine Creek)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska State Historical Society (ATH)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1934. Preliminary Notes on the Archeology of Medicine Valley in Southwestern Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine, 14:3:144-166.
Place: Oklahoma (Comanche ethnography near Layton)Organizational Affiliation: Laboratory of Anthropology Fellow (R Linton)
1933-1934
Place: California (Buena Vista Lake)Organizational Affiliation: CWA relief expedition (WDS)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1941. Archeological Investigations at Buena Vista Lake, BAE Bulletin 130.
1934
Place: Nebraska and Kansas (Republican Valley; Minneapolis, Paint Creek)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska State Historical Society (ATH)Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1935. Reports on Field Work by the Archeological Survey of the Nebraska State Historical Society, May 1 to July 23, 1934. Nebraska History Magazine, 15:3:130-256.
1935
Place: California (Sacramento Valley: Howells Point, Redding; San Francisco Bay shellmounds)Organizational Affiliation: University of California field party leader
1936
Place: Nebraska (survey in Loup River drainage)Organizational Affiliation: Nebraska Historical Society and Gila Pueblo
1937
Place: Missouri and Kansas (Renner, Doniphan, Manhattan)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1943. Archeological Investigations in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri. U.S.N.M., Bulletin 183.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An IntroductionReported in: To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.
1938
Place: Missouri, Colorado (Steed-Kisker, vault mounds; Purgatoire survey)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1943. Archeological Investigations in Platte and Clay Counties, Missouri. U.S.N.M., Bulletin 183.
1939
Place: Kansas (Scott and Lane Counties)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An Introduction To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.
1940
Place: Kansas (Rice and Cowley Counties)Organizational Affiliation: U. S. National Museum field party leaderReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1959. An Introduction To Kansas Archeology. Bur. Amer. Ethnology, Bulletin 174.
1943
Place: Mexico (La Venta)Organizational Affiliation: Smithsonian‑National Geographic Society expedition under MWSReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1952. Structural Investigations in 1943. In: La Venta, Tabasco, a Study of Olmec Ceramics and Art, by P. Drucker, BAE ‑ Bull. 153, pp. 34-79.
1946-1949
Place: Missouri River BasinOrganizational Affiliation: Field director Missouri Basin Project, River Basin Surveys, Smithsonian InstitutionReported in: Wedel, W. R., 1947. Prehistory and the Missouri Valley Development Program: Summary Report on the Missouri River Basin Archeological Survey in 1946. SMC. 107:6:1‑17.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1948. SMC 111:2.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1953. River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 1; BAE ‑ Bull. 154, pp. 1‑59.Reported in: Wedel, W. R. 1953. River Basin Surveys Papers, No. 2; BAE ‑ Bull. 154, pp. 61‑101.
1951
Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief
1952
Place: Wyoming (Horner site)Organizational Affiliation: Archeologist on Smithsonian-Princeton expedition.Reported in: Frison, Geo. C. and L. C. Todd, eds. I987 The Horner Site: Type Site of the Cody Cultural Complex. Ch. 2 History of the Princeton and Smithsonian Investigations. Academic Press, Orlando, Fla.
1955
Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief
1956
Place: South Dakota (39ST1)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief
1957
Place: South Dakota (39ST203)Organizational Affiliation: River Basin Surveys party chief
1961-1962
Place: Littleton, Colo. (5DO201)Organizational Affiliation: Smithsonian archeological & paleont. exped. (NSF G‑17609: Lamb Spring)
1964
Place: Archeological investigations in Southwestern KansasOrganizational Affiliation: NSF grant GS-556
1965
Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co)Organizational Affiliation: NSF grant GS-556
1966-1967
Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co)Organizational Affiliation: NSF grant 05-556; Smithsonian Res. Award. 3301
1971
Place: Archeological investigations in Central Kansas (Rice Co.)
1972-1973
Place: Archeological investigations at Chalk Hollow, Palo Duro Canyon, TexasOrganizational Affiliation: Smithsonian Research AwardReported in: Wedel, W. R. 1975. Chalk Hollow: Culture sequence and chronology in the Texas panhandle. Proceedings, XLI International Congress of Americanists, Mexico, Sept. 2-7, 1974, pp270-278.

Selected Bibliography: Waldo R. Wedel
Selected Bibliography: Waldo R. Wedel
1936 An Introduction to Pawnee Archeology. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 112.
with A.T. Hill. Excavations at the Leary Indian Village and Burial Site, Richardson County, Nebraska. Nebraska History Magazine 17(1): 2-73.
1938 The Direct-Historical Approach in Pawnee Archeology. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 97(7): 1-2.
Hopewellian Remains near Kansas City, Missouri. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 86(3045): 99-106.
1940 Culture Sequence in the Central Great Plains. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 100: 291-352.
1941 In Search of Coronado's "Province of Quivira." In Explorations and Field-Work of the Smithsonian Institution in 1940, pp.71-74. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution.
1942 Archeological Remains in Central Kansas and Their Possible Bearing on the Location of Quivira. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 101(7): 1-24.
with A.T. Hill. Scored Bone Artifacts of the Central Great Plains. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 92(3141): 91-100.
1946 The Kansa Indians. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 49(1): 1-35.
1947 Culture Chronology in the Central Great Plains. American Antiquity 12(3, pt. 1): 148-156.
1951 Archeological Reconnaissance near Saltville, Virginia, in 1940. Archeological Society of Virginia Quarterly Bulletin 5(4): 2 p.
1953 Some Aspects of Human Ecology in the Central Plains. American Anthropologist 55 (4): 499-514.
1955 Archeological Materials from the Vicinity of Mobridge, South Dakota. (Anthropological Papers 45) Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 157: 69-188.
1956 with M.F. Kivett. Additional Data on the Woodruff Ossuary, Kansas. American Antiquity 21(4): 414-416.
1957 Observations on Some Nineteenth-Century Pottery Vessels from the Upper Missouri. (Anthropological Papers 51) Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 164: 87-114.
The Central North American Grassland: Man-Made or Natural? Studies in Human Ecology. Social Science Monographs 3:39-69. Washington, D.C: Social Science Section, Department of Cultural Affairs, Pan American Union.
1959 An Introduction to Kansas Archeology. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 174, Smithsonian Institution.
1961 Prehistoric Man on the Great Plains. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
1963 The High Plains and Their Utilization by the Indian. American Antiquity 29(1): 1-16.
1967 The Council Circles of Central Kansas: Were They Solstice Registers? American Antiquity 32(l): 54-63.
1968 Some Thoughts on Central Plains-Southern Plains Archaeological Relationships. Great Plains Journal 7(2): 53-62.
After Coronado in Quivira. Kansas Historical Quarterly 34(4): 369-385.
1970 Some Observations on "Two House Sites in the Central Plains: An Experiment in Archaeology." Nebraska History 51(2): 225-252.
1975 Some Early Euro-American Percepts of the Great Plains and Their Influence on Anthropological Thinking. In B.W. Blouet and M.P. Lawson, editors. Images of the Plains, pp.13-20. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
with D.H. Ubelaker. Bird Bones, Burials, and Bundles in Plains Archaeology. American Antiquity 40(4): 444-452.
1976 with Mildred Mott Wedel. Wichita Archeology and Ethnohistory. In Forrest R. Blackburn et al., eds., Kansas and the West: Bicentennial Essays in Honor of Nyle H. Miller, pp.8-20. Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society.
1977 Native Astronomy and the Plains Caddoans. In Anthony F. Aveni, ed., Native American Astronomy, pp.131-145. Austin: University of Texas Press.
The Education of a Plains Archeologist. Plains Anthropologist 22(75): 1-11.
1978 The Prehistoric Plains, In J.D. Jennings, editor, Ancient Native Americans, pp. 182-219. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman & Co.
Notes on the Prairie Turnip {Psoralea esculenta) among the Plains Indians. Nebraska History 59(2): 154-179.
Plains Archeology in 1977. Great Plains Journal 17: 25-39.
1981 Toward a History of Plains Archeology. Great Plains Quarterly 1(1): 16-38.
1986 Central Plains Prehistory: Holocene Environments and Culture Change in the Republican River Basin. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Selected Bibliography: Mildred Mott Wedel
Selected Bibliography: Mildred Mott Wedel
1938 The Relation of Historic Indian Tribes to Archaeological Manifestations in Iowa. Iowa Journal of History and Politics 36:3 227-336.
1959 Oneota Sites on the Upper Iowa River. Missouri Archaeologist 21: 2-4.
1961 Indian Villages on the Upper Iowa River. The Palimpsest 42: 561-592.
1971 J.-B Bénard, Sieur de la Harpe : visitor to the Wichitas in 1719. Great Plains Journal (10) 2: 37-70.
1974 The Bénard de la Harpe historiography on French colonial Louisiana. Natchitoches, La. : Louisiana Studies Institute, Northwestern State University
1976 Ethnohistory: Its Payoffs and Pitfalls for Iowa Archeologists. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 23:1-44.
1978 A Synonymy of Names for the Ioway Indians. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 29:49-77.
La Harpe's 1719 post on Red River and nearby Caddo settlements. Austin : Texas Memorial Museum. Bulletin of the Texas Memorial Museum, 30.
1981 The Ioway, Oto, and Omaha Indians in 1700. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 28:1-14. The Deer Creek site, Oklahoma : a Wichita village sometimes called Ferdinandina : an ethnohistorian's view. Series in anthropology, Oklahoma Historical Society, no. 5. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Historical Society.
1986 Peering at the Ioway Indians through the Mist of Time: 1650—Circa 1700. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 33:1-74.
1988 The 1804 "Old Ioway Village of Lewis and Clark. Journal of the Iowa Archeological Society 35:70-71. The Wichita Indians 1541-1750: Ethnohistorical Essays. Reprints in anthropology, no. 38. Lincoln, Neb. : J & L Reprint Co.
2001 Ioway in Plains Volume, Handbook of North American Indian, Vol. 13, Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution.


Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Archaeology Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Antiquity Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746
naa@si.edu