National Anthropological Archives

Hannah Marie Wormington Papers

Collection ID:
Wormington, Hannah Marie
Physical Description:
25.8 Linear feet
58 boxes, 1 oversized, 1 lantern slide tray
The Hannah Marie Wormington papers, 1930-1993, document her professional career as an archeologist through correspondence, film, grant proposals, lantern slides, lecture notes, manuscripts, newspaper clippings, photographs, presentations, publications, reports, slides, and sound recordings, including her field work at the Folsom Site.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Wormington's papers consist of correspondence, field notes and affiliated materials, lecture notes, manuscripts, photographs, professional, teaching materials, and writings by her students and colleagues. The papers reflect many aspects of Wormington's professional life including her archaeological work, professional development and teaching career, although there is relatively little concerning her curatorial work at the Denver Museum of Natural History. Correspondents include James M. Adovasio, Larry D. Agenbroad, George Agogino, Robert Ashton, Marie Madeleine Baboulet John O. Brew, Alan L. Bryan, E. Stephen Cassells, John L. Cotter, Richard D. Daugherty, Richard G. Forbis, George C. Frison, F.M. Fryxell, Julian Hayden, C. Vance Haynes, William N. Irving, Henry Irwin, Cynthia Irwin-Williams, Elaine Johnson, Ruthann Knudson, L.S.B. Leakey, Barbara Purdy, Bruce E. Rippeteau, Richard Shulter, Dennis J. Stanford, Christie G. Turner, Sol Tax, and Sharon Young.

This collection is arranged in 9 series: 1. Correspondence; 2. Site files; 3. Lecture notes/Teaching notes; 4. Wormington publications; 5. Professional organizations; 6. Papers written by others; 7. Articles; 8. Miscellaneous; 9. Audiovisual collection.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Hannah Marie Wormington was born in Denver, Colorado in 1914. She studied archaeology with E.B. Renaud and earned a B.A. from the University of Denver in 1935. After graduating from college, she traveled to France where she worked under Henri Martin at a Paleolithic excavation in the Dordogne. She retained an interest in French archaeology. Returning to Denver from her studies abroad, she was hired by the Denver Museum of Natural History as a staff archaeologist. In 1937, she became curator of archaeology, establishing the museum's status as an important center for Paleo-Indian research. She remained at the museum until 1968. She received her doctorate in 1954, becoming the first Harvard (Radcliffe) female Ph.D. to specialize in archaeology.
While at the Denver Museum of Natural History, she cataloged the Lindenmeier material in the collection (1936) and excavated the Johnson Site (a Folsom camp) near La Porte, Colorado. Starting in 1937, she excavated a series of rock shelters in Montrose County, Colorado, Grand County, Utah, and Mesa County, Colorado. She surveyed prehistoric migration routes of ancient hunters in the Province of Alberta, Canada in 1955 and1956. In the 1960s, she worked at the Frazier Agate Basin site and with Joe Ben Wheat at the Jurgens Cody site at the Jurgens Cody site in Weld County, Colorado. She also served as a consultant on an excavation of mammoth and associated material in the Valley of Mexico (1952) and of a human skeleton near Turin, Iowa (1955); excavations at Onion Portage, Alaska (1963), the Scottsbluff butchering site near Chadron, Nebraska (1971), and Hot Springs Mammoth Site, South Dakota (1977). Wormington also served as a visiting or adjunct professor with Arizona State University, Colorado College, the University of Colorado, and the University of Wyoming.
Wormington became the first women president of the Society for American Archaeology in 1967. She received many awards including a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1970, Colorado's State Archaeologist's Award in 1977, an Honorary Doctorate from Colorado State University in 1977, and the Society of American Archaeology's Distinguished Service Award in 1983.
Hannah Marie Wormington was an American archaeologist known for her study of Paleo-Indians in the Southwest. She contributed greatly to the body of research of prehistoric cultures; among those were the Fremont of Utah, and the Uncompahgre of Colorado. Her most significant publications were Ancient Man in North America (1939b) and Prehistoric Indians of the Southwest (1947). Both are considered classics for synthesizing an incredible amount of data on the subject of Prehistoric Indians.

Kate Maxwell, Alethea Rudolph, Lorain Wang and Jill Fri
Processing Information
This collection was processed by Kate Maxwell in 2004. The finding aid was revised by Alethea Rudolph in 2005, Lorain Wang in 2006, and Jill Fri in 2007.
Encoded by Katie Duvall, 2018.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation note
Hannah Marie Wormington Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Access
The Hannah Marie Wormington papers are open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Contact the repository for terms of use.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Lantern slides Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Paleolithic -- Tools Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Colorado -- Archeology Geographic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Slides (photographs) Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Paleoindian Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Folsom culture Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Archeology -- Colorado Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sound recordings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Caves Topical Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746