Guide to the American Ethnological Society records, 1834-1964

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.2007-11
Creators:
Eggan, Fred, 1906-1991
Ewbank, Thomas
Fischell, A.
French, Kathrine S. (Kathrine Story), 1922-2006
Aginsky, Bernard W. (Bernard Willard), 1905-
Driver, Harold E. (Harold Edson), 1907-1992
Dwight, Theodore F.
Goodenough, Ward Hunt
Gould, Charles N.
Beals, Ralph L. (Ralph Leon), 1901-1985
Fried, Morton H. (Morton Herbert), 1923-1986
Friedl, Ernestine, 1920-2015
Garfield, Viola Edmundson, 1899-1983
Goldfrank, Esther Schiff
Squier, E. G. (Ephraim George), 1821-1888
Turner, William W. (William Wadden), 1810-1859
Swadesh, Morris, 1909-1967
American Ethnological Society
Woodbury, Natalie Ferris Sampson
Thompson, Laura, 1905-2000
Nelson, William Nelson
Nelson, N. C. (Nels Christian), 1875-1964
Ray, Verne F. (Verne Frederick), 1905-2003
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews, 1874-1941
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972
Rouse, Irving, 1913-2006
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942
Rhodes, Willard, 1901-1992
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960
Smith, Marian W. (Marian Wesley), 1907-1961
Service, Elman R. (Elman Rogers), 1915-1996
Hoebel, E. Adamson (Edward Adamson), 1906-1993
James, Alice G.
Keur, Dorothy L. (Dorothy Louise), 1904-1989
Lesser, Alexander, 1902-1982
Macgowan, D. I.
McClellan, Catharine
Murdock, George Peter, 1897-1985
Benedict, Ruth, 1887-1948
Buckley, S. B.
Bunnell, F. H.
Codere, Helen F., 1917-2009
Collier, Donald, 1911-1995
Dole, Gertrude Evelyn, 1915-2001
Gulick, William H.
Dates:
1834-1964
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
7 Linear feet
14 boxes
Repository:
The records of the American Ethnological Society (AES) document its activities from its founding in 1842 through the mid-1960s. The American Ethnological Society is the oldest anthropological association in America. It has been interested in publishing and promoting study of different cultures in the Americas from its founding in 1842 to the present. Materials include correspondence, reports, and financial records relating to the administrative functions of the organization.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The records of the American Ethnological Society (AES) document its activities from its founding in 1842 through the mid-1960s.
The early years of the AES (1840s to 1880) are documented through correspondence, newspaper clippings, and proceedings. The bulk of the collection relates to the administrative functions of the AES from its reorganization in 1906 through 1965 including changes to the constitution and the elections of officers. The offices of Secretary-Treasurer and Editor are well documented through correspondence and reports. There is also a significant amount of correspondence to and from members, financial records, and information on the AES‟ interactions with other organizations such as the American Anthropological Association and the New York Academy of Sciences.

Arrangement note
Arrangement note
The material is arranged in the following series: (1) Early records, 1834-1886; (2) AES Meetings, 1910-1964; (3) Reports of the officers, 1925-1964; (4) Election records: Officer lists, constitutions, and amendments, 1917-1959; (5) Office correspondence, 1924-1956; (6) Membership records, 1862-1960; (6) Publication records, 1934-1962; (7) Financial records, 1902-1962; (8) Miscellany, 1860-1957.

History of the American Ethnological Society
History of the American Ethnological Society
The American Ethnological Society is the oldest anthropological association in America. It has been interested in publishing and promoting study of different cultures in the Americas from its founding in 1842 to the present.
The American Ethnological Society was founded in 1842 by Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury under Thomas Jefferson and founder of New York University. Early members were doctors, lawyers, businessmen and included Henry Schoolcraft, William Prescott and Theodore Dwight. Meetings were usually held at the home of the President and accounts of missionaries and explorers, who were "corresponding" members, were read. Local papers frequently covered these meetings. The Society published three periodicals in its early years including Transactions which first appeared in 1845. Interest in the Society declined after the Civil War. In 1906 a group of professional anthropologists led by Franz Boas joined the Society and reorganized it, adding the Office of Editor. Since then, the Society has been very active and has had a strong publications program, beginning with a linguistic series begun by Franz Boas. The Society holds annual meetings, usually in the spring at which prominent anthropologists present their findings. In addition to Franz Boas, the Society has included among its members such famous anthropologists as Ruth Benedict, E. Adamson Hoebel, Margaret Mead and Ward Goodenough.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection compiled by John Posniak and Jane Sessa, 1975-1976.
Updated by Patricia Penon, 2004.
Encoded by Rihoko Ueno, December 2011.
Author
NAA Staff
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The treasurer's records dating from 1916 to 1924 were transferred to the archives by the American Museum of Natural History. All other records came to the archives from the American Ethnological Society.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
This collection is stored off-site. Advance notice must be given to view the collection.
Preferred Citation note
American Ethnological Society records, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Access
The American Ethnological Society records are open for research.
Access to the American Ethnological Society records requires an appointment.
Conditions Governing Use
Contact the repository for terms of use.

Accruals
Accruals
Later accruals, containing the records of treasurers Elise Clews Parsons and N.C. Nelson (1916-1924) and editors Michael Herzfeld (1988-1990), Carol Greenhouse (1998-2002) and perhaps also Virginina Dominguez (2003-2007), are unprocessed.
Further accruals are expected.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
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Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/