Register to the Papers of Charles F. Hockett
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NAA.2011-14
Creators:
Hockett, Charles
Dates:
1934-2000
bulk 1940-1989
Languages:
Multiple languages
Some of Hockett's research material is in Potawatomi and Kickapoo. A small amount of other material in the collection is in Spanish, Fijian, and Chinese.
Physical Description:
5.4 Linear Feet
(10 document boxes) plus 2 record storage boxes of sound recordings
Repository:
This collection contains the professional papers of linguist Charles F. Hockett. Included are research materials consisting of field notes and notebooks, correspondence, published and unpublished writings, annotated copies of other scholars' work, a few drawings, photographs, and sound recordings.

Scope and Content Note
Scope and Content Note
This collection contains the professional papers of linguist Charles F. Hockett. Included are research materials consisting of field notes and notebooks, correspondence, published and unpublished writings, annotated copies of other scholars' work, a few drawings, photographs, and sound recordings.
The materials in this collection document Hockett's career as a structural linguist, and provides glimpses into his military service and his passion for music. Hockett's writings and notes, which comprise the majority of the materials in the collection, demonstrate his contributions to the field of linguistics.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Collection is organized into 9 series: 1) Field Research, 1937-38, 1940; 2) Writings, 1940-2000; 3) Correspondence, 1945-2000; 4) Professional Activities, 1965-1970, 1989, 1993; 5) Teaching Files, 1993; 6) Biographical Files, 1934, 1942-1957-1965, 1974, 1984, 1988, 1999; 7) Notes and Drawings, 1964, 1970-1983, 1987-1988; 8) Photographs, 1944, 1960, 1978-1991, 1999; 9) Sound Recordings, 1952-1957, 1961, 1970-1976

Biographical Note
Biographical Note
Charles Francis Hockett was a linguist best known for his contribution to structural linguistics. Strongly influenced by the work of Leonard Bloomfield, he was "widely considered Bloomfield's chief disciple, and the most prominent explicator and elaborator of Bloomfield's works" (Gair 7). While he primarily focused on Algonquian languages, Hockett also studied Chinese, Fijian, and English.
Hockett was born in Columbus, Ohio on January 17, 1916 to Homer and Amy Hockett. He matriculated at Ohio State University in 1932 and graduated in 1936 with a BA and MA in ancient history. He then went on to study at Yale where he received his PhD in 1939. Afterward, he completed two years of postdoctoral study and had the opportunity to work with Leonard Bloomfield directly.
Drafted into the US Army in 1942, Hockett prepared language-training materials, language guides, and dictionaries for military personnel. He was eventually promoted to Captain and left the military in 1946 when he became a professor of linguistics at Cornell University. In 1957 he joined the Department of Anthropology. Hockett stayed at Cornell until 1982 when he retired to emeritus status. He later served as an adjunct professor of linguistics at Rice University.
He died on November 3, 2000.
Sources Consulted
James W. Gair, "Charles F. Hockett," in
Biographical Memoirs volume 89
. Washington, D.C. : National Academies Press, 2007.
Chronology
1916
Born January 17 in Columbus, Ohio
1932
Entered Ohio State University at 16
1936
Graduated summa cum laude with BA & MA in ancient history
1939
Summer of fieldwork in Kickapoo and autumn in Michoac√°n, Mexico
Received PhD in Anthropology from Yale; dissertation based on fieldwork in Potawatomi
1940-1941
2 years of postdoctoral study, including two quarters with Leonard Bloomfield at Chicago, followed by a stay at Michigan
1942
Drafted into US Army
1945
Dispatched to Tokyo as a first lieutenant to help train U.S. troops in Japanese
1946
Began university teaching career as an assistant professor of linguistics in the Division of Modern Languages at Cornell where he was in charge of Chinese and continued to run the Chinese program for 15 years
Separated from the army with a terminal leave promotion to captain
1957
Become a member of Cornell's Department of Anthropology (later named the Goldwin Smith Professor of Linguistics and Anthropology)
1964
President of the Linguistic Society of America
1974
Elected to the National Academy of Sciences
1982
Retired from Cornell to emeritus status
1983
Festschrift written (Agard et al., 1983)
1986
Distinguished lecturer of the American Anthropological Association
Visiting professor, later adjunct professor of linguistics at Rice University
2000
Died on November 3
Selected Bibliography
1939
Potawatomi Syntax. Language 15: 235-248.
1944
with Zhaoying Fang. Spoken Chinese: Basic Course. Military edition published (without authors' names) as a War Department Education Manual. Civilian Edition. New York: Holt.
1947
Peiping phonology. Journal of the American Oriental Society 67: 253-267.
1948
Implications of Bloomfield's Algonquian Studies. Language 24: 17-131.
1955
A Manual of Phonology. Baltimore: Waverley Press.
How to Learn Martian. Astounding Science Fiction 55: 97-106.
1958
A Course in Modern Linguistics. New York: Macmillan.
1960
The Origin of Speech. Scientific American 203(3): 88-89.
1970
A Leonard Bloomfield Anthology. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
1973
Man's Place in Nature. New York: McGraw-Hill.
1987
Refurbishing our Foundations: Elementary Linguistics from an Advanced Point of View. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
1997
Approaches to Syntax. Lingua 100: 151-170.

Administration
Processing Note
The papers of Charles F. Hockett were partially organized and inventoried by Tammy L. Goss, a University of Wisconsin-Madison student, before deposited at the archives. Original folder titles were retained. Folder titles assigned by the archivist are indicated by square brackets. Files have been rehoused in acid free folders. The archivist kept existing groupings and organized the collection into nine series.
Processed by Christy Fic
Encoded by Jocelyn Baltz, June 2012
Author
Christy Fic
Sponsor
Digitization and preparation of these materials for online access has been funded through generous support from the Arcadia Fund.
Provenance
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Charles Hockett's daughter, Rachel Hockett.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Charles F. Hockett Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Restrictions on Use
Contact repository for terms of use.
Conditions Governing Access
The Charles F. Hockett Papers are open for research.

Related Collections
National Anthropological Archives Manuscript 7402. Letters to Charles Hockett regarding Algonquian linguistics 1937-1938.
National Anthropological Archives Manuscript 2009-15. May Mayko Ebihara conducted this oral history interview with Hockett on August 25, 1981 as part of a larger oral history project with anthropologists.
For additional Hockett correspondence, see: C. F. Voegelin Papers, American Philosophical Society. Henry Lee Smith Papers, 1935-1972 (bulk 1956-1972), University Archives, State University of New York at Buffalo.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Fijians Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Anthropology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kickapoo language Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Potowatomi Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Linguistics, general and theoretical Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Northeast Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746
naa@si.edu
http://www.anthropology.si.edu/naa/