National Anthropological Archives

Book of Arikara drawings by anonymous artist

Collection ID:
Hazen, William Babcock, 1830-1887
ca. 1875
Physical Description:
36 Drawings
19 leaves
graphite, colored pencil, and crayon, mounted on paper
12 x 20 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Bound volume of drawings containing pictures of individual men and animals, and scenes of warfare and ceremony. One of two similar handbound volumes received as part of the Hazen collection (see also MS154064B).

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
William Babcock Hazen (1830-1887) was born in Vermont and spent his boyhood in Ohio. In 1855, he graduated from the U.S. Military Academy ranked Twenty-eight in his class. Prior to the Civil War, Hazen served with the Fourth and Eighth Infantry regiments, earning distinctions in the field while fighting against Indians in Oregon and southwestern Texas. Hazen went on to serve in the Civil War, where he fought in the Battles of Shiloh and Bentonville. After the war, he served as Inspector General of the Department of the Platte and did a tour at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1869, he was stationed at Fort Sill, Oklahoma and later at Fort Smith, Arkansas, becoming Superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1870. While serving in this capacity, Hazen worked with various tribes in Oklahoma, including the Comanches and the Creeks. After publicly criticizing the role of the U.S. military in the Indian Wars, Hazen was posted to Fort Buford in Dakota Territory, where he stayed off and on from 1875 through 1880. For more information on William Hazen see Great Plains Command: William B. Hazen in the Frontier West by Marvin E. Kroeker, 1976, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Immediate Source of Acquisition
Hazen, Mildred McLean
Custodial History
Received from Mrs. Mildred McLean Hazen, Washington, D.C., May 23, 1892 (USNM accession Number 25,748) Entire collection of material identified by Mrs. Hazen as Sioux collected by her late husband Gen. William B. Hazen during his military service in the west, except a group of material from Alaska. As components of the collection have been studied, many have been attributed to other tribes.

Digital Content
More …
Using the Collection
Manuscript 154064A, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

More Information
Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 154064 A
USNM ACC 25748

Local Note
Local Note
Original identification of these books as Sioux has been changed as the style of dress, body decoration, and hair are not consistent with that tribe. They are consistent with an identification as Arikara made by Candace Greene in 2004. During the 1870s many Arikara men enlisted as scouts with the US Army and a number were posted at Fort Buford during the time that the collector was there. Both books contain pictures of friendly encounters with Army officers, and one (08510521) depicts an Indian scout in uniform.

United States Dakota Territory Fort Buford.
United States South Dakota Fort Buford

Album Information
Album Information
MS 154064A 000

Two pages published in Visions of the People: A Pictorial History of Plains Indian Life, by Evan Maurer, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1993.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sahnish (Arikara) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746