Book of Cheyenne drawings by Yellow Nose and anonymous artists
Digitized Content

Collection ID:
Yellow Nose, 1848-1910
Voth, H. R. (Henry R.), 1855-1931
ca. 1889
Physical Description:
1 Item
disbound volume of 85 drawings (53 leaves
graphite, colored pencil, and ink
19 x 31 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Ledger book, now disbound, containing drawings of warfare, courtship, hunting and ceremony. The pages are numbered 1-113, with the following numbers missing: 5-6, 27-28, 31-32, 69-70, 93-96. Endpaper inscribed "Cheyenne Agency, Darlington Ind[ian] Terr[itory]". Additional laminated sheet contains original collector's tag, associated note, and early museum label. The drawings are by several artists, the most prominent being Yellow Nose. When possible, individual drawings have been assigned to Yellow Nose on stylistic grounds by comparison to his other known work.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Yellow Nose aka Little Face, Hehuwesse, He-her-we. (1848-1910) was a Ute captured as a young boy by Dives Backward and raised within Northern Cheyenne society by his adopted father Spotted Wolf. He is recorded to have participated in the Battle of Rosebud (June 17th, 1876) and the Battle of Little Bighorn (June 25-26th, 1876) where he reportedly 1) lost a famous shield made by Whistling Elk (later acquired by the NMAI) 2) captured the guidon of the 7th Cavalry and 3) strangled Custer to death with his bare hands. After the Battle of Little Big Horn, Yellow Nose traveled with a group of Northern Cheyenne led by Little Wolf and Dull Knife eventually making camp along the Powder River. The group was attacked by General Ranald McKenzie in the Battle of Crazy Woman Fork (November 20th, 1876). During this battle Yellow Nose distracted the US soldiers, allowing the women and children to escape, and sustained a shot to the chest. Eventually, the group, including Yellow Nose, was captured and removed to the southern Cheyenne reservation in present-day Oklahoma, where Yellow Nose remained for the remainder of his life. Information on Yellow Nose from: Powell, Peter John, Sweet Medicine: The Continuing Role of the Sacred Arrows, the Sun Dance, and the Sacred Buffalo Hat in Northern Cheyenne History. Norman; University of Oklahoma Press (1969).
Biographical / Historical
For a biography of H. R. Voth, see Kaufman, Edmund G. (1973) "Heinrich R. Voth" in General Conference Mennonite Pioneers. North Newton, Kansas: Bethel College. (1973) pp. 326-333

Immediate Source of Acquisition
Voth, Heinrich R.

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 166032

Local Note
Local Note
This book was originally noted as having been created solely by Yellow Nose. Stylistic differences between the images suggest that more than one artist is represented within the manuscript.

United States Indian Territory Cheyenne Agency Darlington.
United States Oklahoma Darlington.

Album Information
Album Information
MS 166032 000

Digital Content
More …
Drawing on page 8 is reproduced in John C. Ewers, "The Horse in Blackfoot Indian Culture," Bureau of American Ethnology-B 159, Washington, 1955.

Using the Collection
Manuscript 166,032, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Custodial History
Custodial History
Specimen tag indicates that the book was collected by H. R. Voth in 1889 from H. Spotted Wolf. He acquired it on the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation in Indian Territory, where he served as a missionary from 1882-1893. The manuscript was purchased from Voth by the Bureau of American Ethnology through James Mooney on January 25th 1893 as a part of a larger collection of Cheyenne and Arapaho materials ( Accession # 26,674.) The accession includes hide paintings by Yellow Nose.

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Zoology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clothing and dress -- Cheyenne Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wrestling -- Cheyenne Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
War -- Cheyenne Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Habitations -- Cheyenne Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Weapons -- Cheyenne Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hunting -- Cheyenne Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Works of art Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ledger drawings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland 20746