Four drawings by anonymous Cheyenne artist
Portions of this collection are digitized

Collection ID:
Bourke, John Gregory, 1846-1896
before 1876
Physical Description:
4 Drawings
2 leaves
graphite and colored pencil
16 x 24 cm.-16 x 29 cm.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Four drawings of warfare on two loose pages torn from a ledger book. Other drawings from the same ledger were pasted into the donor's diary, which is now in the Special Collections Library at the US Military Academy at West Point. Bourke records there that the book was captured in June 1876 from a camp then believed to be Sioux. This encounter is now known as the Battle of the Rosebud, and the camp identified as Northern Cheyenne, not Sioux.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Col. John Gregory Bourke (1846-1896), a graduate of West Point, spent most of his military career in the Northern Plains under Brigadier General George Crook. After serving in these campaigns from 1869-1888, Bourke was given some time off from his military duties to study Indian people where he compiled ethnological accounts of the Apache and several other tribes in the Southwest. For more information on Bourke, see "John Gregory Bourke, Victorian Soldier-Scientist, the Western Apprenticeship, 1869-1886" by Joseph Charles Porter, PhD dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.

Immediate Source of Acquisition
Bourke, John G. Capt
Custodial History
Drawings were donated to the Smithsonian by Col. John Gregory Bourke and are listed under Accession # 31963. They appear to derive from various sources, but were all cataloged under number 176,622, and subsequently lettered a thru g. One by Howling Wolf was exchanged with Mrs. A. H. Richardson, the daughter of Col. John Gregory Bourke, for MS 409978 on September 9th, 1968. Five of these drawings are now in the Graphic Arts Division of the National Museum of American History, cat. No. 8109 through 8113. Four drawings on two sheets are in the NAA collection.

Local Numbers
Local Numbers
NAA MS 176,622

Local Note
Local Note
Catalog number 176,622-E was identified by Mrs. Karen D. Peterson as a drawing by Cheyenne artist Howling Wolf; and was exchanged with Mrs. A.B. Richardson (who owned the notebook to which this sketch belonged) through the Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska, September 28, 1966, for a drawing by Yellow Nose (USNM catalog Number 409,978). Catalog Numbers 176,622-F,-G are Numbers designated by R. Elder to cover two of the "seven pictographs" called for in the accession papers, when this set of drawings was separated and individually catalogued (1966); these last two drawings have not been located (1969).

Album Information
Album Information
MS 176622 000

Digital Content
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Using the Collection
Manuscript 176,622, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

More Information

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ledger drawings Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne) Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Indians of North America -- Great Plains Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Anthropological Archives
Museum Support Center
4210 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746